Cranach - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg
The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
13.08.2020 - 02:09
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKD_GG1906H
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKD_GG1906H
FR (1978) No.FR061
Title:
The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg[CDA 2011]
Sidonie of Bohemia[Quandt 1834, 17-21][1] [Frenzel 1850, 4][1] [Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. 2, Nos. 291, 292][1] [Lindau 1883, 103][1] [1] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 426, 427, 430]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
Dating:
1514[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
RepositoryStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 184.5 x 83 cm [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
Support:
Painting on wood, transferred to canvas [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia bottom left (Cartellino): '1514L [winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left] C'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
In collar: 'HK' [Görres, cda 2015]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the canvas: [Gal.-Nr.] Reverse of the frame: [Sammlungsnachweis Dresden] [Exhibition label: Berlin 1937] [Schlegel 2003, 25][1] [1][Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
Description:
This portrait of Katharina of Mecklenburg wearing a hat with a flamboyant plume fills the pictorial space in the vertical direction.The gold and red on her dress together with the black of the brocade pattern pick up on the colours worn by the groom. Long, static folds punctuate the broad gold embroidered motifs of leaves and vases that decorate her skirt. Katharina has her arms bent and gently holds her right wrist. She is wearing a golden sash around her waist that falls down to the lapdog in the right corner. She is wearing three large chains around her neck. The middle one displays the initials 'HK' for Heinrich and Katharina. This reference indicates the bond between the married couple. [Görres, in Bonnet, Görres 2015, 48] [Translation, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- 1512 invoice
[Schade 1974, Dok. 96][1]

- 1595 first recorded in the Dresden Kunstkammer
[Inventar Kunstkammer 1595, fol. 409 v.][1]

- 1834 first recorded in the Königliche Historische Museum
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 427]

- 1905 Gemäldegalerie
[Inventar Zugänge 1874-1944, Nr. 414, 415][1]

- 1945-1955 USSR
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 427]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 426, 427, 430]
Exhibitions:
Dresden 1899, No. 6, 7
Berlin 1937, No. 24, 25
Dresden 1937, 12
Weimar 1972, 17, 25
Basel 1974, 87
Dresden 1989, No. 142, 143
Chemnitz 2005, 424-431, No. 34.2
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018141, fn. 10; 183, 186under nos. 24, 41
Heydenreich 2017 A80
Bonnet, Görres 201548-4913p. 49
Wiemers 20152313
Messling 2010134
Martin 201055Fig. 2, p. 54
Maaz 201022-25
Brinkmann 200720
Heydenreich 2007 A11, 81, 85, 112, 116, 118, 119, 123, 125, 227, 291, 292, 294
Heydenreich 2007 B45, 4639
Marx 200590, 9334.2Fig. p. 93
Kolb 2005 C537, 551, 552, 554-56034.2
Kolb 2005 A115, 119, 166, 168 Fn. 2334.2
Schölzel 2005186-18834.2Figs. 92a, 92b, 93a, 93b
Marx, Mössinger, Roth 200512
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005386, 425-431, 50434.2Pl. p. 425
Schlegel 200328
Wiemers 200020
Kathke 1997123
Marx 1996 B172
Hinz 199377-79
Cat. Dresden 1992157, 158
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1989Nos. 142, 143
Marx 1989
Löcher 1985 A75, 76
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197982No. 61Fig. 61
Schade 197454, 55
Exhib. Cat. Basel 197487
Froning 197325, 32-38
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B17, 25
Lüdecke 197232, 33
Zimmermann E. H. 1969286
Alpatow 196624
Menz 1962150, 151
Aragon, Cocteau 195720-23, 141
Balzer 195619
Rudloff-Hille 1953 B24
Posse 194333
Posse 194233
Lilienfein 194242, 62, 63
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 193712
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937Nos. 24, 25
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193253, 54
Heyck 192792
Glaser 1923110-112, 173, 226
Seidlitz 192198
Heyck 190880
Sponsel 1906Nos. 57, 59
Flechsig 1900 AVI, 37, 89, 91, 252
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899Nos. 6, 7
Ehrenthal 189926
Ehrenthal 189627, 28
Erbstein 18899
Lindau 1883103
Rahnfeld vor 18767
Erbstein 187310-13
Schuchardt 1851 C55292
Frenzel 18504
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 23.09.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • Results
    Drawing material:
    - fluid (brush)

    Technique:
    - fluid underdrawing with a brush (particularly in the dog and the hands and face), which was executed with only slight modification in paint. Due to the extensive gilding only a few lines are visible in the robe. Annotation in the precious stone on the necklace. [1]
    - minor alterations during the painting process: left eye, left nostril, details of the left ear, finger of the right and left hand, left leg and behind of the dog
    - the bottom edge of the folds were executed in the underdrawing
    [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425, 186, 187]
    [Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]
    • photographed by: Alexandra Böhme
    • photographed by: Christoph Schölzel
    • Date: 2005
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Underdrawing
    • fluid underdrawing with a brush (particularly in the dog and the hands and face), which was executed with only slight modification in paint. Due to the extensive gilding only a few lines are visible in the robe. Annotation in the precious stone on the necklace.
    • Framing
    • - new frame: black, profiled frame with gilded members, 19th/20th century

      [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
        • Date: 2003
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg - OtherLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg - Reverse
        • Support
        • - originally four (?) vertical planks

          [Schlegel 2003, 28][1]
          [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
            Condition Reports:
            • Date: 2005
            • Support: - transferred to canvas (isolating gaze) - paper facing on the left and right edges Painted surface: - isolated retouching (particularly along the joins, on the floor, on the dog and in the background) - old, glossy varnish [Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
              • Date: 1955
              • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, sowjetischer Gemäldepass][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
                History of Restoration:
                • Date: 1976
                • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
                  • Date: 1957
                  • [GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
                    • Date: 1907
                    • [Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 12, Bl. 135-2, 153, 154][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
                      • Date: 1896
                      • [Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 6, Bl. 115, 118, 126][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
                        • Date: 1895
                        • [Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 10, Bl. 113][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]