Cranach - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing]
The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing]
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M.
23.11.2017 - 00:54
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SMF_1398C
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SMF_1398C
FR (1978) No.FR018
Title:
The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 18]
The so-called "Torgauer Altar" [right wing][CDA 2011]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 154, No. 19] [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225] [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 70-71, No. 18]
Dating:
1509 [central panel dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStädel Museum Frankfurt a.M.
RepositoryStädel Museum Frankfurt a.M.
LocationFrankfurt am Main
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 120.7 x 45.4 x 0.9 cm [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225] Dimension of painted surface, recto: 120.7 x 44.5 cm [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225] Dimensions of painted surface, verso: 120.7 x 44 cm [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Klein, Report 2013] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2008, 154, No. 19] [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]
Description:
Recto: St Mary Salome and Zebedeaus (with the features of Johannes the Steadfast) as well as her sons James and John are depicted on the front of the right wing. The interior shown on the central panel is continued on the right wing and ends with an exterior wall with window niches. St Mary Salome sits in the foreground on an unidentifiable seat. She is inclined to the left and wears a gold brocade dress with a wine red lining and a white bonnet. A boy in a transparent shirt stands between her knees. With crossed legs he bends himself down to his mother's lap and supports his hands on her thighs. St Mary Salome holds him with the left hand on the forehead, and combs his hair with her right hand. A second, unclothed child wraps himself in the folds of the wide dress of his mother and looks up to her. The projection of the window niche serves Zebedeaus as a bench. With his legs crossed he studies a large tome, which he holds in both hands and additionally supports on his lap. He wears a sleeveless tunic in blue, gold and red. Beneath this he wears a shirt with wide, pink sleeves and red leggings. He has a beret on his head. Verso: St Anna is depicted on the reverse in grisaille. She stands in an arched niche and is inclined slightly to the left. Her left leg is positioned further back and she holds an open book in her hands at hip level. Her head is tilted and she looks down at the book. Anna wears a long robe with wide funnel sleeves and a pleated collar, and a bonnet that extends over her shoulders. Her halo consists of a solid disk, which emphasizes the sculptural quality. [see Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]
Provenance:
- 21. - 28.06.1906 auction of the Molinier Collection at Brame in Paris (No. 136), acquired by the Städel with financial assistance from the City of Frankfurt, private patrons and friends, the Städelschen Museums-Vereins and the Carl Schaub'schen Stiftung
[Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]
Exhibitions:
Frankfurt a. M. 2008, No. 19
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Bonnet, Görres 201530-338p. 30, 33
Borchert 201028, 2921
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007154-15819pp. 154, 155, 157
Brinkmann 200719
Schade 200791, 92, 941
Cat. Frankfurt 2005204-225
Grimm 199873, 76, 77Fig. 9.17
Heydenreich 1998 A187Fig. 21.4b
Sandner 1998 B88, 90, 91Figs. 16.7, 16.7a-c
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998147No. 16.7a-c
Wittmann 1998169
Cat. Kassel 199756, 62
Ritschel 19967-26
Ritschel 199538-62
Thümmel 1994170
Hinz 199332-34
Lübbeke 1991199-200
Löcher 1985 B35
Andersson 198143-79
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197970, 71No. 18Fig. 18
Wirth 197793
Ullmann 19747
Koepplin 1974 A25-34
Exhib. Cat. Basel 197420, 76, 77, 683, 753Fig. 24
Schade 197428-30, 40, 55-56, 66
Hütt 1973346
Hintzenstern 197253-55
Strieder 19668
Ruhmer 19636, 13, 83
Mitgau 1963551
Lüdecke 1953 B40
Posse 194315-16, 53-54
Posse 194215-16, 53-54
Lilienfein 194230-31
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932018
Mielsch 192320-23
Heyck 190817, 59-60, 64
Swarzenski 190749-65
Rieffel 1906269-273
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 01.07.2011
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION (recto)

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines; occasional hatching-strokes

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; some representation of volume (hatching-strokes)

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Lucas Cranach the Elder


      DESCRIPTION (verso)

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - broader lines

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Lucas Cranach the Elder?

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 2005
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Detail ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Detail ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Detail ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder - Städel Museum Frankfurt a.M. - The Altarpiece of the Holy Kinship [right wing] - Detail Images
      • Support
      • - eight planks, aligned horizontally
        - height from top to bottom: plank I – left 12.2 cm, right 13.4 cm; plank II – left 11.6 cm, right 10.5 cm; plank III – left 14.5 cm, right 14.0 cm; plank IV – left 13.7 cm, right 13.8 cm; plank V – left 16.2 cm, right 15.6 cm; plank VI – left 13.0 cm, right 12.2 cm; plank VII – left 14.4 cm, right 14.2 cm; plank VIII – left 24.6 cm, right 24.7 cm
      • Underdrawing
      • A freehand underdrawing executed with a brush is visible in the infrared reflectogram:
        - on the recto it is visible in the children and is very detailed in St Mary Salome’s face; deviations from the underdrawing are visible in the nose and the right eye, whereas the folds on the lining of the sleeve have been roughly adhered to
        - on the verso the brushstrokes are broader and more summary than on the recto, the folds are only roughly indicated and there are some deviations here: for example on the spine of the book and Anna’s finger tips, which rest on the cover were moved slightly
      • Paint Layers and Gilding
      • - the edge of the painted surface is covered with a black band of paint on both sides
        - the haloes were executed in gold leaf
      • Framing
      • Modern
        [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]
          • Date: 1994
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Other imaging techniques
          • False-colour-infrared-imaging
            • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
            Condition Reports:
            • Date: 2005
            • - recto: good condition - verso: mediocre condition [Cat. Frankfurt 2005, 204-225]