Cranach - The Resurrection
The Resurrection
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
22.11.2018 - 12:01
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI1189
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SPSG_GKI1189
FR (1978) No.FR374C
Title:
The Resurrection[CDA 2012]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 219, No. IV.22]
Dating:
about 1537 - 1538[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryJagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
LocationGrunewald
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 150.6 x 111.8 cm [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 219, No. IV.22]
Signature / Date:
none
Description:
The painting depicts the Risen Christ triumphant over Death holding the victory banner in his right hand. This incident is not described in the bible, and is based on early Christian apocryphal writings. Christ stands on the sarcophagus, wearing a red cloak and is surrounded by an almost white glorious light. He seems to have overcome the results of the passion: the wounds on his hands and his feet are only barely visible, and the wound on his side is no longer there. In the foreground the soldiers slowly awake from their slumber. [see Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 219, No. IV.22]
Provenance:
- probably taken from the Domkirche (Cathedral) in the 17th century and placed in the Erasmuskapelle (Erasmus Chapel) of the Berliner Schloss (Berlin Palace); eight Passion paintings are listed in the Berliner Schloss inventory from 1700
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 213, Nos. IV.14-22]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 2009/10, No. IV.22
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A219No. IV.22Fig. IV.22
Most, Wolf et al. 200989, 92Figs. 3, 7
Tacke 2007 C81, 82, 84
Erichsen 1994 A157, 158
Börsch-Supan 199220-21
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979139No. 374C
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932294c
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‚The painting is one of nine Passion panels, that were originally parts of an unknown number of winged altarpieces. Commissioned by Joachim II Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop created them for the collegial church in Berlin (Berliner Stiftskirche) between 1537 and 1538. This is one of the central panels, which was probably flanked by full-length depictions of saints on the wings and complemented by scenes from the old testament on the predella. […] The Berlin Passion cycle was based on the 16 Passion altarpieces, which were commissioned by Cardinal Albrecht from Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop for the collegial church in Halle (Hallenser Stiftskirche) (about 1520-1525) and it was the second large painted Passion series created in the Cranach workshop. Not only are numerous central panels now missing from the Berlin Passion altarpieces, like for example ‚The Arrest of Christ‘ or ‚The Crucifixion‘, but in addition the whereabouts of all the wing panels and a large number of the predella panels is unknown. They were probably lost in 1613 when Elector Johann Sigismund converted to Calvinism. […]‘
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 213, No. IV.14-22]
‚Cranach varied the late medieval pictorial tradition north of the Alps by depicting Christ standing on the sarcophagus rather than climbing out of it, thus emphasizing the triumph over Death. Christ is shown in a similar manner on the right wing of the Schneeberg altarpiece, which was completed in 1539. It was commissioned from Cranach by the Saxon elector and is one of the first altarpieces to decorate a Lutheran-protestant church.’
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 219, No. IV.22]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge) - The Resurrection - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brushes of varying widths

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - thin lines; predominantly short lines in combination with longer, at times broader lines
    - occasional hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; occasional representation of volume (hatching-strokes)

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form


    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner