Cranach - Duke Johann of Anhalt
Duke Johann of Anhalt
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
22.11.2018 - 12:01
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI30029
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SPSG_GKI30029
FR (1978) No.FR143B
Title:
Duke Johann of Anhalt[CDA 2012]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Lucas Cranach the Elder (workshop)[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 167, No. I.10]
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Dating:
about 1520[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011] [Willing-Stritzke 2015 A, 82]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryJagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
LocationGrunewald
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 64.9 x 45.8 cm [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on Beech wood (Fagus sp.) [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Signature / Date:
none
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Inscription at the upper edge: 'EFFIGIES ILLVSTRIS ADVLESCEN/TIS DOMINI JOHANNIS PRINCI/PIS IN ANHALT ANNO ETATIS EIVS SEDECIMO 1520' (a portrait of the illustrious young Sir Johann Duke of Anhalt aged sixteen, 1520) [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 167, No. I.10]
Description:
The portrait depicts Duke Johann IV. of Anhalt in armor. He has turned his head to the left and he looks in this direction. His right hand is on his hip and in his left hand he holds a sword.
Provenance:
- from the beginning of the 19th century until the end of the 1st World War in the possession of the dukes of Anhalt in the Gotisches Haus (Gothic House) in Wörlitz
- 1958 acquired from a private collection in Cologne
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 167, No. I.10]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 2009/10, Cat. No. I.10
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Melzer 2015 B152
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A167No. I.10Fig. I.10
Most, Wolf et al. 200993
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 200556
Börsch-Supan 199214
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197999No. 143B
Schade 197455Fig. 114
Börsch-Supan 196442No. 43
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‘In comparison with the pendant (Elector Joachim II. of Brandenburg) the difference in rank of the sitters is clear. Johann – like the portraits of married couples- assumes a position on the right side, which was generally reserved for subjects of lower rank. His armor is similar to that of the future elector, but less lavish; he also wears less jewellery. In addition the painting is not as ambitious in its execution as that of the higher ranking companion piece.’
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 167, No. I.10]
‚In Cranach’s oeuvre this portrait and its pendant, depicting young boys in armor, are unique.’
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 166-167, No. I.9]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge) - Duke Johann of Anhalt - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • - an underdrawing is not readily visible
    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner