Cranach - Portrait of a man in a fur beret
Portrait of a man in a fur beret
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
23.11.2017 - 00:58
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_smbGG_1736
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_smbGG_1736
FR (1978) No.FR059
Title:
Portrait of a man in a fur beret[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Dating:
about 1510[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
RepositoryStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
LocationBerlin
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 29.2 x 32.5 cm Dimensions of painted surface: 29 x 31.5 cm Dimensions including frame: 41.9 x 46 cm [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Klein, Report 2013] [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
Half-length portrait of a man with curly blond hair wearing a fur beret, a black overcoat with a brown fur collar and a white shirt. The background is black. There is a black ground application on the reverse. [Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]
Provenance:
- 1916 acquired from the Lobmayer Collection in Vienna

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
[Friedländer 1915/16, 129]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 1937, 17, No. 17
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 86
Berlin 1973, No. 18
Stockholm 1988
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Heydenreich 2007 A31, 57, 200, 395
Cat. Berlin 199634Fig. 72
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197981No. 59Fig. 59
Cat. Berlin 1975 A121No. 1736
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1973No. 18
Lüdecke 1953 BFig. 55
Wolters 1938123Figs. 73, 74
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193717No. 17
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193252
Cat. Berlin 1931114No. 1736
Friedländer 1916col. 129
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 08.04.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date: 2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • - lime wood
      - trimmed at the bottom
    • Ground and Imprimatura
    • - a barbe along the edge of the painted surface has been retained on the left and right side as well as the top of the painting
      • written by: Christine Unsinn
      • Date: 2010
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared reflectography
      • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • - an underdrawing is not readily visible

        [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
        • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
        • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
        • Date: 2000
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
        • Instrumental material analysis
        • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Analysis
        • CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_1736
          Object No: FR 059
          Cross-section No.: EP 122
          Brief description of paint: brown fur (probably retouching on top)
          Sample location: lower edge, left of the centre
          Sample No.: 192

          Observations:
          5. brownish-grey layer under UV like 2, retouching
          4. thin strip exhibiting less fluorescence than 3
          3. thin reddish brown transparent layer, without pigments but with an intense, homogeneous yellow fluorescence, varnish/glaze?
          2. brown layer with many different pigments (white, black and warm red (in UV-light also warm red, could be a red lake/iron oxide?), brown modulation of the fur
          1. thin white layer, imprimitura
          0. white layer, ground

          Comments: an application of brown paint over the white ground and white imprimatura
          [cda 2015]
          • analysed by: Aviva Burnstock
          • analysed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
          • Date: 2000
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
          • Instrumental material analysis
          • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Analysis
          • CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_1736
            Object No: FR 059
            Cross-section No.: EP 124
            Brief description of paint: black brocade fabric, lighter pattern
            Sample location: lower edge, at the left
            Sample No.: 194
            Methods: EDX

            Observations:
            5. layer with pigments, retouching
            4. transparent layer, varnish
            3. transparent layer, varnish
            2. black layer, black flakey and large white pigment particles as well as some very finely ground red pigments [EDX: Pb, Ca carbon black of vegtetable origin, lead white, calcium salt]
            1. very thin, just partially visible isolation/ imprmitura layer
            0. white ground with bubbles, without cocoliths
            Comments: the imprimitura is so thin, you might rather speak of an isolation layer. The black is mixed with white (lead white and calcium salt). Probably an old or even original varnish (?)
            [cda 2015]
            • analysed by: Aviva Burnstock
            • analysed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
            • Date: 2000
            • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
            • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
            • Instrumental material analysis
            • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Analysis
            • CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_1736
              Object No: FR 059
              Cross-section No.: EP 123
              Brief description of paint: brown fur (probably with some retouching on top)
              Sample location: lower edge, to the right of the centre
              Sample No.: 193

              Observations:
              4. brownish-grey layer, appears more red than 2. under UV-light, clearly retouching
              3. thin reddish-brown transparent layer, without pigments; fluoresces an intense yellow in UV-light, varnish/ glaze?
              2. brown layer, numerous pigments (white, black and warm red (also warm red under UV-light, appears to be a red lake/iron oxide?), brown glaze modulating the fur
              1. thin white layer, imprimitura
              0. white layer, ground

              Comments: an original brown layer (fur) applied over white imprimatura and white ground layers; above the brown layer is a glaze or varnish layer, followed by retouching , compare with EP 122
              [cda 2015]
              • analysed by: Aviva Burnstock
              • analysed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
              • Date: 2000
              • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
              • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
              • Instrumental material analysis
              • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - AnalysisLucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Analysis
              • CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_1736
                Object No: FR 059
                Cross-section No.: EP 183
                Brief description of paint: black coating, verso
                Sample location: verso
                Sample No.: 191
                Methods: EDX

                Observation:
                3. thin overpaint/ retouching?
                2. transparent layer -varnish or binding medium- possibly original?, as it exhibits inclusions similar to those in the black layer
                1. black layer with very fine pigment particles (possibly lamp black, does not fluoresce) and a few glassy inclusions (probably binding medium, fluorensces under UV-light) [EDX: Si, Ca, S, (Fe) calcium salt in the black ]
                0. wood
                [cda 2015]
                • analysed by: Aviva Burnstock
                • analysed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
                • Date: 22.09.1989
                • Scientific analysis
                • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
                • Support
                  • written by: Peter Klein
                  • Date: 01.09.1982
                  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
                  • Infrared photography
                  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Portrait of a man in a fur beret - Infrared Images
                    • photographed by: Fotowerkstatt, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
                    • Date: 01.06.1971
                    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
                    • X-radiography
                      • photographed by: Fotowerkstatt, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin