Cranach - Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
18.02.2019 - 11:32
Choose objects with for comparison
Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_smbGG_566
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_smbGG_566
FR (1978) No.FR198C
Title:
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden[CDA 2010]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Dating:
1531 [dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
RepositoryStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
LocationBerlin
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 51 x 35.4 x 0.6 cm Dimensions including frame: 67 x 51.9 cm [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Support:
Painting on beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010] [Klein, Report 1997]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia bottom right on the tree: winged serpent with elevated wings and dated '1531'; in white paint
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: - top centre: label: 'Kiste 5' - centre, right: wax seal: 'Koenigliche Museen Berlin' - directly beneath: 'I.625' - just below the centre: seal - beneath to the left: in pencil: '220' - bottom left: label: 'Staatliche Museen Berlin - Gemäldegalerie/ Katalog-Nr. 566/ Lukas Cranach d. Ä./ Adam und Eva im Paradiese.' - beneath to the left: label: 'F 1621/36' - bottom right corner: label: 'Kranach, Lukas/ Adam u. Eva/ H.51:35 N169' [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Description:
Adam stands close to Eve and has put his left arm around her shoulder, while she offers him an apple. They stand beneath the tree of knowledge and a snake winds itself around the branches laiden with apples above their heads. A stag stands to their left facing the viewer and behind him a deer with her head bowed. To the right between Eve and the tree trunk there is a lion. Dense trees create a backdrop for the scene. [Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]
Provenance:
- acquired by Waagen before 1830 or 1826
- 1884 lent to the Nassauischen Kunstverein in Wiesbaden
- returned to Berlin before 1936

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 1937, 34, No. 87
Berlin 1973, 21, No. 9
Frankfurt 2008, 364, No. 118
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Heydenreich 2007 A398
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007364-365118p. 365
Exhib. Cat. London 200767Fig. 28
Foister 200747-49
Kolb 2005 A142, 170 Fn. 139
Klein 1994 A196Tab. 4
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979109No. 198C
Cat. Berlin 1975 A116
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 197321No. 9
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 193734No. 87
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932166C
Friedländer 190565
Schuchardt 1851 C14-156
Cat. Berlin 1830143No. 58
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - dry drawing material, dark chalk or fine pointed brush in combination with a broader brush and diluted medium?

    Type/Ductus:
    - freehand underdrawing?
    - delicate, fine lines; possibly in combination with broader lines in the background

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - no alterations made during the painting process

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - workshop?; Lucas Cranach the Younger?

    Comments:
    - possibly with reference to a preparatory drawing or may even have been transferred from a pre-existing design

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Light microscopy
    • Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • - copper beech
      - the panel consists of two verical planks. Joined and glued pith on pith. The join is rough and irregular in width. 44/42 annual rings were counted on left plank and 125/129 on the right one. The difference in the number of annual rings is caused by the grain running at an angle and a discrepancy in the number of rings at the top and bottom edges of the planks. However the four radii which were measured enabled a mid-value to be established.

      [Report 13.11.1978, Dr. Peter Klein, Prof. Dr. Josef Bauch]

      According to the most recent examination by Dr. Peter Klein both planks come from the same tree as the two planks from the painting: 'Virgin and Child', Frankfurt am Main 847.
      • written by: Christine Unsinn
      • Date: 17.02.1997
      • Scientific analysis
      • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
      • Support
      • Identification of wood species: beech wood
        Youngest annual ring: 1525
        • analysed by: Peter Klein
        • Date: 01.09.1982
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • Infrared photography
        • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie - Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden - Infrared Images
          • photographed by: Fotowerkstatt, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin