Cranach - The Judgement of Paris
The Judgement of Paris
Lucas Cranach der Ältere
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen
17.06.2019 - 02:45
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDK_SMK_KMSsp718
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DK_SMK_KMSsp718
FR (1978) No.FR252
Title:
The Judgement of Paris[Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach der Ältere [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013] [Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, No. 67]
Dating:
1527[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStatens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen
RepositoryStatens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen
LocationCopenhagen
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 50.5 x 38.0 cm Dimensions including frame: 62.2 x 49.9 cm [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Support:
Painting on wood [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings facing left and dated '1527'; in black paint [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
On verso: - with chalk: "Lucas Cranach" - KMS stamp Sp. 718.
Description:
Three naked ladies stands in the middle (the goddesses Venus, Juno and Minerva), on the right side a horse standing behind a tree, on the left side a man in reddish clothes bent over a man in armor lying in the grass (the son of King Priam of Troy, Paris). The background of the painting is a landscape with mountains and trees. [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Provenance:
- purchased in 1744
[Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
Exhibitions:
Sølvgade, SMK, Copenhagen, 2002-04-26 - 2002-09-08
Hamburg 2003, No. 67
Sølvgade, SMK, Copenhagen, 2009-05-30
Brussels, 2010-10-20 - 2011-01-23
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Hinz 2010 B47p. 47
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010190-191101pp. 190, 205
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 200373, 18067Pl. 67
Foister 2003118, 11967Fig. 4
Exhib. Cat. Copenhagen 200254, 56, 57, 69No. 34Fig. p. 54
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979No. 252
Himoud-Sperlich 197734Fig. 163
Blackmore 196554Fig.
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932207
Rogers 193229ff.
Wehle 1929/1930
Ameseder 191065ff.
Vollmer 1909552
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
- The motif of the painting is used in a series of pictures by Cranach the Elder from approx. 1512-14, and already in 1508 in one of his woodcuts (PPS, 26.62).
- Already in the first half of the 15th century the motif was used in the middle of the Rhineland (see: Von Bode 1918).
- The importance of the motif is clear from the inscriptions on similar pictures, cf.: Durrieu, "La legend du Roi de Mercie" in Monuments Piot XXIV (1920) 149ff.

[Mette Kokkenborg, Statens Museum for Kunst, 2013]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2013
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Lucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ReverseLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - Reverse
  • Support
  • The support is a wood panel and 5 mm thick.

    The grain pattern is quite strong, very clear rays show at the lower edge. There are one join, reinforces on reverse probably with vegetable fibres. The reverse of the panel also has some kind of coating (varnish maybe, since it is not ground or paint).
    The reverse of the panel has a rough finish and shows horizontal marks of the type made by an adze.
    All four sides of the panel are bevelled. And half way up the right edge (verso) some wood is adhered, possibly the remains of an engaged frame.
    The corners of the panel are curving slightly backwards.
    Some inactive woodworm holes on the backside (apparently confined to the narrow plank, left).
    Reverse has a chalk inscription: Lucas Cranach (with something illegible above) and the KMS stamp Sp. 718.
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • The ground is white, relatively thick (probably chalk and size) and has some tiny flake losses.
  • Paint Layers and Gilding
  • The painting is painted with oil paint.
    There are small old retouches almost all over the painting and small paint losses along the edges of the painting.
    The painting has ageing cracks all over the surface.

    The varnish are stable and not discoloured, but mat (an old degraded varnish layer was removed in 2001).
  • Framing
  • The frame is painted black and partly gilded. It is a wave moulded wooden frame.
    The frame has small losses, dents, abrasions and scratches along the outer edges. And there are old repairs and retouches at all bars.
    Unknown whether the frame is the original.
    [Statens Museum for Kunst, revised 2013]
      • Date: 2002
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • UV-light photography
      • Lucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV ImagesLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV Images
        • photographed by: Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen
        • Date: 2001
        • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
        • UV-light photography
        • Lucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV Images
          • photographed by: Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen
          • Date: 22.04.1997
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
            • examined by: Rachael Billinge
            Condition Reports:
            • Date: 16.06.2010
              • examined by: Henrietta Havsteen-Mikkelsen
              • Date: 25.03.2005
                • examined by: Henrik Bjerre
                • Date: 1966
                  • examined by: Ole Alkærsig
                  History of Restoration:
                  • Date: 01.03.2002
                  • Lucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV ImagesLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV ImagesLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - UV ImagesLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - ConservationLucas Cranach der Ältere - Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen - The Judgement of Paris - Conservation
                    • conservation treatment by: Lone Bøgh
                    • Date: 1969
                        • Date: