Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberIT_GdU_1631
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/IT_GdU_1631
FR (1978) No.FR425
Title:
Portrait of Lucas Cranach the Elder[Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014]
Self-portrait[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 425]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Younger [Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014] [Schuchardt 1998 B, 11] [Schade 1974, pl. 217] [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 211, No. 118]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 425]
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Dating:
1550[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerGalleria Uffizi, Firenze
RepositoryGalleria Uffizi, Firenze
LocationFlorence
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 64 x 49 cm [Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014]
Support:
Painting on wood [Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the right, next to the sitter's shoulder: winged serpent with dropped wings, facing left [cda 2014]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
At top right: 'AETATIS SVAE . LXXVII . 1550 .' [cda 2015]
Description:
A portrait of Lucas Cranach the Elder aged 77, wearing a cloak of black brocade, which reveals a white shirt at the neckline. Cranach has short grey hair and a long split beard, which together with his steady gaze, his serious expression and voluminous stature lend the portrait great dignity. Cranach's shadow is cast over the upper left corner of the bluish-grey background. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- private collection, collection of August the Strong, Elector of Saxony
- listed in the inventory from 1676 by the treasurer Tobias Beutel the Elder:'the 18. July his Highness elector and I in the council chamber: a bust portrait of the old Lucas Cranach, with the date 1550 and aetatis 77, that he supposedly painted himself is presented to the elector by councilman Zschimmer. ('Den 18. July gaben Ch[ur]f[ürst]1. d[urch]l[aucht]. Mir in der Rathskammer: des alten Lucas Kranachs contrafectisch Brustbild, daran die Jahreszahl 1550 und Aetatis 77 so er selbst gemacht haben soll und ist Sr. Chfl. Dl. Vom Rathsherrn Zschimmer Praesentiert.')
- until 1707 recorded in the Dresden court in various locations, but is not listed in the inventory from 1722. August the Strong gave it as a gift to Cosimo III. de'Medici [1]
[- Galleria degli Uffizi, Palazzo degli Uffizi, Sala degli Autoritratti, Florence, 1681 (accession date)]
- Palazzo Pitti, Galleria Palatina e Appartamenti, Guardaroba, Florence, 1713 (accession date), 1753 (de-accessioned)
- Villa medicea di Poggio a Caiano, war shelter, Poggio a Caiano, 13-6-1940 (accession date)
- Castello di Poppi, Poppi, 23-10-1940 (accession date)
- Castel Giovo, Bolzano, San Leonardo
- Palazzo Pitti, Museo degli Argenti, Florence
- Galleria degli Uffizi, Palazzo degli Uffizi, Florence, 10-1-1952 (accession date)

[1] [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 380, No. 123]
[Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014]
Exhibitions:
- Berlin 1936
- Berlin 1937
- Florence 1986/87
- Kronach 1994, No. 4
- London 2008
- Rome 2010/11, 124-127
- Weimar 2015, No. 3
- Düsseldorf 2017, No. 118
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017211No. 118
Görres 2017 A61Fig. 1
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 201513, 18-21, 24, 253Pl. p. 24, Fig. p. 20-21 (detail)
Bonnet, Görres 201511-131p. 13
Kolb 2015 B187-188, 1938
Schuchardt 2015 A23Fig. 10
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 201099
Messling 2010121
Exhib. Cat. Rome 2010124-127Pl. p. 125, Pl.. p. 127 (detail)
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007380-381123p. 381
Kolb 2005 C538
Kolb 2005 A131-133, 167Fig. 50
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005242under No. 7
Schuchardt 1998 B11
Rebel 1994138
Cat. Florence 1979850No. A266Fig.
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979No. 425
Schade 1974Plate 217
Exhib. Cat. Basel 197428, 76, 77, 753
Zimmermann E. H. 1942 A
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1936
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932342
Schuchardt 1851 A209
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2017
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Younger - Galleria Uffizi, Firenze -  - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Material:
    - dry drawing material, stylus

    Type/Ductus:
    - economic, freehand underdrawing (only partially visible e. g. in the hands and the eyes)
    - delicate, fine lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours of the hands and describe facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process (hands)


    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Lucas Cranach the Younger
    [Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2018]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    History of Restoration:
    • Date: 1986
    • (UR 198), SBAS FI [Galleria Uffizi, revised 2014]
    • conservation treatment by: Agathe Keller