Cranach - Plate with the head of St John the Baptist (fragment)
Plate with the head of St John the Baptist (fragment)
Master IW
Private Collection
24.04.2019 - 18:31
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberPRIVATE_NONE-P166
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/PRIVATE_NONE-P166
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Plate with the head of St John the Baptist (fragment)[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Master IW [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 184]
Dating:
about 1525[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 184]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPrivate Collection
RepositoryPrivate Collection
Location
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 37.1 x 54.7 cm [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 184]
Support:
Painting on wood [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 184]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
None
Description:
This depiction of the head of St John the Baptist on a platter is part of a larger composition that together with another fragment originally showed Salome with the head of St John the Baptist. [see Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 184]
Exhibitions:
Düsseldorf 2017, No. 184
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017291No. 184
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
The two fragments were originally one painting depicting Salome holding the severed head of John the Baptist in a bowl in front of her. At some stage the upper and lower halves of the painting were separated and sold. The connection between the fragments was first recognized within the context of the Cranach Digital Archive research project. In the exhibition that this publication accompanies both parts (now held in Italian and German private collections) are reunited for the first time.
Although the work is neither signed nor dated stylistic features and characteristic techniques support an attribution to the Master IW. The pale flesh paint, the striking waist-line and the laced bodice as well as the slit sleeves lined with brocade inserts also distinguish the following panels: ‘Judith with the Head of Holofernes’ (1525, Prague),’ Lucretia’ (1525, private collection) and ‘Salome with the Head of St John the Baptist’ (about 1525, private collection). The identity of the Master IW has not yet been clarified. We do however know that he was active in the Cranach workshop until about 1520 and probably moved to Bohemia due to a decline in the commissions for altarpieces in connection with the Reformation. Here he produced numerous works using templates from the Cranach workshop. Until about 1550 he was the most important mediator of Cranach’s style in Bohemia.
[Heydenreich, Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 291, No. 183]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.11.2013
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Master IW - Private Collection - Plate with the head of St John the Baptist (fragment) - X-Radiographs
    • created by: Hans Portsteffen
    • created by: Technische Hochschule Köln
    • Date: 01.09.2013
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Master IW - Private Collection - Plate with the head of St John the Baptist (fragment) - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION
      Tools/Material:
      - fluid, dark medium, brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - economic, freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines

      Function:
      - binding for the final painted version (where visible); the lines define the main contours and describe facial features; no representation of volume with hatching strokes

      Deviations:
      - only very minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process

      INTERPRETATION
      Attribution:
      - Master IW or workshop
      [Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini, cda 2017]
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich