Cranach - Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Alte Pinakothek, Munich
06.12.2021 - 13:20
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CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_BStGS_720
Persistent Link
FR (1978) No.FR043
Adam and Eve[CDA 2010]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
about 1510 - 1519"1510er Jahre"
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 720]
1510-12[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, 78, No. 43]
about 1512[Grimm 1998, 79]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
RepositoryAlte Pinakothek, Munich
Dimensions of support: 47.2 x 35.3 cm
[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 720]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, No. 43]
Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.)
[Klein, Report 2013]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 720]
[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, No. 43]
Signature / Date:
The painting depicts Adam and Eve against a dark background. They each hold an apple in their right hand and are facing each other. The serpent coils around the branches of a tree, which stands between them.
- 1818 acquired from the collection of King Max I. Joseph

[Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, revised 2010]
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 720]
Kronach and Veste Coburg 1953, Cat.-No. 1
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 201832, 34under no. 1
Exhib. Cat. Munich 201166-67, 136Nos. 8, 720Fig. p. 67
Heydenreich 1998 A190
Grimm 199877, 79Fig. 9.22
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994345, 371
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197978No. 43Fig. 43
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
This is the earliest depiction of Adam and Eve mentioned in the Friedländer, Rosenberg catalogue. The position of Adam's foot is the same as that in the engraving by Dürer from 1504, but Jacopo de Barbari's engraving of 'Apollo and Diana' could also have been the inspiration for this motif.
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, No. 43]
The panel originally consisted of two parts, which according to the exhibition catalogue Munich 2011 were the separated outer wing panels of an altarpiece. At some stage they were attached together either side of a narrow central batten.
[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 136, No. 720]
It is also posible, that both figures were originally painted on separate panels as is the case with the slightly earlier version of Adam and Eve in Musée des Beaux Arts et d´Archeologie Besancon. The tree depicted in the centre suggests this.
[Herrschaft, CDA 2011]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 19.08.2013
  • Scientific analysis
  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • 8.01 Support
  • Identification of wood species: lime wood (Tilia sp.)
    • analysed by: Peter Klein
    • Date:
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • X-radiography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Alte Pinakothek, Munich - Adam and Eve - X-Radiographs
    • 8.07
      • created by: Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen