Cranach - St Ursula (Leys Schütz?)
St Ursula (Leys Schütz?)
Simon Franck
Stiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg
25.11.2020 - 20:38
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_MSA_170-1955
Persistent Linkhttps://lucascranach.org/DE_MSA_170-1955
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
St Ursula (Leys Schütz?)[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b]
Attribution:
Simon Franck [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b] [Emmendörffer 1998, 217]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006, 92b]
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Dating:
1524 (?) Franz Joseph Bodmann draws the figure of St Ursula (Ley Schütz?) in 1800 und notes down on the drawing a dating 1524. Cf. Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, No. 26. [cda 2012]
about 1500 - 1547[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b]
about 1524[Emmendörffer 1998, 217]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMuseen der Stadt Aschaffenburg
RepositoryStiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg
LocationAschaffenburg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 121 x 56.5 cm [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
'[...] On the pendant is St Ursula, a combination frequently chosen by Albrecht for other altarpieces, [...] Once again the antitype shows St Ursula, who in this painting wears a neckband with an inscription, which underlines the close relationship between both sitters (see [DE_SPSG_ GKI9370_FR-none]).' [Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25]
Provenance:
- [the panels] are probably originally from Halle
- in 1800 the panels in the cathedral treasury of Mainz and were auctioned in 1801
- 1954 acquired from a private collection
[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25b]
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Merkel 2007 A78Fig. 1
Emmendörffer 1998216, 217Fig. 22.13
Cat. Aschaffenburg 1994107
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
'[...] The historian J. Bodmann from Mainz thought he recognized Albrecht’s lover, who he called Rehdingerin, in the pendant figure of St Ursula. This was a combination frequently chosen by Albrecht for other altarpieces. Out of this hypothesis there developed a persistent legend concerning one Ursula Rehdinger (variant forms of spelling), who was purported to be Albrecht’s concubine. This was relegated to the realm of myth by Kerstin Merkel. However, it is conceivable to interpret the figure as a historical person, namely Albrecht’s partner, Leys Schütz. This assumption is supported by a small diptych showing Albrecht as St Erasmus [...] Once again the antitype shows St Ursula, who in this painting wears a neckband with an inscription, which underlines the close relationship between both sitters. (see [DE_SPSG_ GKI9370_FR-none]).'

[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 283, No. 25]
Franz Joseph Bodmann draws the figure of St Ursula (Leys Schütz?) in 1800 und notes down on the drawing a dating 1524. Cf. Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, No. 26.
[Görres, cda 2012]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Simon Franck - Stiftsmuseum Aschaffenburg - St Ursula (Leys Schütz?) - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush; initial design executed with diluted medium

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - predominantly thin lines with some broader lines in the draperies
    - hatching-strokes

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; representation of volume (hatching-strokes)

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form (e.g. boats in the background; face)

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - Simon Franck/Master of the Mass of St Gregory?

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner