St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator

St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator

Title

St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator

[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, No. 4]

Painting on spruce wood

Medium

Painting on spruce wood

[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, no. 4]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 66, no. 002]
[Hutter 1972, 39]

Valentinus von Rätien (died c. 475) was one of the first Bishops of Passau. Said to have healed an epileptic, he is regarded as the patron saint of suffers from epilepsy. Wearing canonical dress, the saint stands in the central axis of the panel; behind him juts the torso of

Valentinus von Rätien (died c. 475) was one of the first Bishops of Passau. Said to have healed an epileptic, he is regarded as the patron saint of suffers from epilepsy. Wearing canonical dress, the saint stands in the central axis of the panel; behind him juts the torso of an epileptic. His face, twisted with the effects of his seizure, contrasts strongly with the composure of the praying donor.

[see Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, no. 4]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, no. 4]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 66, no. 2]
[Hutter 1972, 39]

Production dates
about 1502 - 1503
after 1500

Production dates

about 1502 - 1503

[Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, No. 4]

after 1500

'Shortly after 1500' [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 66, No. 002]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 91 x 49 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 91 x 49 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, no. 4]

Signature / Dating
None
Owner
The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Repository
The Paintings Gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Location
Vienna
CDA ID
AT_AKBILD_GG-549
FR (1978) Nr.
FR002
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/AT_AKBILD_GG-549/

Provenance

  • Collection of Count Lamberg-Sprinzenstein and donated in 1821
    [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, no. 4]
    [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 66, no. 002]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1937, no. 2
Vienna 1972
Basel 1974, no. 85
Frankfurt 2007, no. 4

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 122 No. 4
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Heydenreich 1998 A 185-186, 196
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleHerstellung, Grundierung und Rahmung der Holzbildträger in den Werkstätten Lucas Cranachs d.Ä.
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages181-200
Sandner 1998 B 83, 91
AuthorIngo Sandner
TitleCranach als Zeichner auf dem Malgrund
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages83-95
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 66 No. 2 Fig. 2
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 156ff. No. 85
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 Fig. 9
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972 4ff.
AuthorKarl Schütz
EditorKunsthistorisches Museum, Wien
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und seine Werkstatt. Jubiläumsausstellung museumseigener Werke 1472-1972
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1972
Hutter 1972 39 Fig. 2
AuthorHeribert Hutter
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere in der Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Wien
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1972
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 13 002 Pl. 6
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 002
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

As is evident from the composition this panel was originally the left wing of a retable. The donor looks up to the central panel, which may have depicted a crucifixion scene. [see Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007, 122, No. 4]

  • St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator, about 1502 - 1503

Images

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Technical studies

1995Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
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  • created by Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien

1995Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid, black medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- Incisions in the ground indicate the contours of the gilding

Function:

- only partially binding for the final painted version; the main contours are delineated with broad lines while the details and facial features are defined with a few thin lines; no representation of volume with hatching-strokes, possible washes.

Deviations:

- corrections were made to forms during the painting process

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2017]

  • photographed by Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der Bildenden Künste Wien

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/AT_AKBILD_GG-549/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'St Valentine and a Kneeling Donator', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/AT_AKBILD_GG-549/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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