Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso]

Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso]

Titles

Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso]

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 62]

Portrait of a Man [Verso]

[Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

Painting on parchment transferred to wood

Medium

Painting on parchment transferred to wood

[Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

Allied coat-of-arms within an arched niche.

[Görres, cda 2012]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

Production date
1514

Production date

1514

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 42 x 28 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 42 x 28 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

Signature / Dating
Beneath the apex of the arch: dated '1514'; in yellow paint

Signature / Dating

  • Beneath the apex of the arch: dated '1514'; in yellow paint

  • [Görres, cda 2012]

Owner
Kunsthalle Bremen - Der Kunstverein in Bremen
Repository
Kunsthalle Bremen - Der Kunstverein in Bremen
Location
Bremen
CDA ID
DE_KHB_160-1909-8B
FR (1978) Nr.
FR062
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KHB_160-1909-8B/

Provenance

  • about 1850/60 in the collection of Heinrich Albers, Traupel Manor (Rittergut) near Freystadt/Westpreußen
  • 1909 bequeathed by John Harjes
  • lost during the war after evacuation
  • 1961 returned

[Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

Exhibitions

Karlsruhe 1965
Bremen 1977, No. 4
Bremen 1979
Bremen 2009, No. 22

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Bildnis 2010 19
Authorn. a.
TitleBildnis eines Unbekannten
JournalMonumente. Magazin für Denkmalkultur in Deutschland
Issue11/12
Year of Publication2010
Pages19
Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009 22
EditorRainer Stamm
TitleLucas Cranach der Schnellste
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication2009
Herzogenrath, Lähnemann 2009 68 pp. 70, 227
EditorWulf Herzogenrath, Ingmar Lähnemann
TitleNoble Gäste. Meisterwerke der Kunsthalle Bremen in 22 deutschen Museen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication2009
Heydenreich 2007 B 33
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
Cat. Bremen 1994 239
AuthorAndreas Kreul
TitleKunsthalle Bremen - Gemälde-Verzeichnis
Place of PublicationWiesbaden
Year of Publication1994
Rebel 1994 131-138
AuthorErnst Rebel
TitleLucas Cranach Porträtkunst. Personendarstellungen zwischen Vitalität und Formel
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationCoburg, Augsburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages131-138
Cat. Bremen 1990 103
AuthorCorinna Höper
TitleKatalog der Gemälde des 14. bis 18. Jahrhunderts in der Kunsthalle Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1990
Salzmann 1989 34-35
TitleKunsthalle Bremen. Eine Auswahl der Hauptwerke
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1989
Busch 1984 26, 608, 613
AuthorGünter Busch
TitleDie Kunsthalle Bremen in vier Jahrzehnten. Eine hanseatische Bürgerinitiative 1945-1984
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1984
Schweers 1981-1982 180
AuthorHans F. Schweers
TitleGemälde in deutschen Museen
Volume1
Place of PublicationMunich, New York, London
Year of Publication1981
Exhib. Cat. Bremen 1979 with page
AuthorGerhard Gehrkens
TitleDer nackte Mensch - Aspekte der Aktdarstellung in der Kunst
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1979
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 62
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Bremen 1977 4
EditorGerhard Gehrkens
TitleDas Bildnis - Seine Entwicklung. Seine Gestalt
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1977
Busch, Schultze 1973 12
AuthorGünter Busch, Jürgen Schultze
TitleMeisterwerke der Kunsthalle Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1973
Exhib. Cat. Bremen 1965 10-11 p. 9
EditorKunsthalle Bremen
TitleErwerbungen der Jahre 1961-1965
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1965
Jahn 1953 A 52 fig. 58
AuthorJohannes Jahn
TitleDer Weg des Künstlers
Publicationin Heinz Lüdecke, ed., Lucas Cranach d. Ä. im Spiegel seiner Zeit. Aus Urkunden, Chroniken, Briefen, Reden und Gedichten
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1953
Pages17-81
Busch, Keller 1948 50, 53 7 fig. 8
AuthorGünter Busch, Horst Keller
TitleMuseum heute. Ein Querschnitt zum 125. Bestehen der Kunsthalle Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1948
Cat. Bremen 1939 37 160 fig. 5
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleGemälde und Bildhauerwerke der Kunsthalle zu Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1939
Cat. Bremen 1935 25 160
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleGemälde und Bildhauerwerke in der Kunsthalle zu Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1935
Waldmann 1933 69 p. 70
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleDie Bremer Kunsthalle. Ein Führer zur Vorbereitung und zur Erinnerung
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1933
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 55
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Waldmann 1932 35
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleDie Bremer Kunsthalle. Mit Erläuterungen ihrer bedeutendsten Gemälde
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1932
Cat. Bremen 1925 7, 14 160
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleKatalog der Gemälde und Bildhauerwerke in der Kunsthalle zu Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1925
Waldmann 1923 6-7 fig. 6
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleDürer und seine Zeit
SeriesAmtliche Ausgabe der Kunsthalle Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1923
Waldmann 1919 91-92
AuthorEmil Waldmann
TitleDie Bremer Kunsthalle. Ein Führer zur Vorbereitung und zur Erinnerung
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1919
Cat. Bremen 1913 12 160
AuthorGustav Pauli
TitleKatalog der Gemälde und Bildhauerwerke in der Kunsthalle zu Bremen
Place of PublicationBremen
Year of Publication1913
Stoermer 1913 796
AuthorCurt Stoermer
TitleDie Neuerwerbungen der Bremer Kunsthalle
JournalCicerone
Issue5 (1913)
Year of Publication1913
Pauli 1910 25 pl. 10, fig. 2
AuthorGustav Pauli
TitleEin Bildnis von L. Cranach d. Ä.
JournalMonatshefte für Kunstwissenschaft
Issue3
Year of Publication1910
Pages25

Research History / Discussion

'The allied coat-of-arms is painted in oil on parchment. It was removed from the panel in 1962 and laminated onto another support.'

[Hansen, Exhib. Cat. Bremen 2009, No. 22]

  • Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso], 1514

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • irr
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

11. 2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • Stereomicroscopy

Support

Parchment, laminated onto hardboard

Ground and Imprimatura

- the allied coat-of-arms does not appear to exhibit either ground or imprimatura layers

Paint Layers and Gilding

- the paint layer is presumably bound in oil, the application can largely be described as opaque

- the paint has been smoothly ground, in some colours pigment particles are visible

- frequently the colours were already mixed before they were applied to the support, this is manifested, among other, by the blend of pigment particles

Framing

The frame is new, each part of the painting has been mounted separately in an oak wood frame. The frame may be from the 1960s, when the painted parchment was removed from the reverse of the panel.

Both frames were joined together about a year ago and are now displayed mounted on a pedestal to show the intended double-sided decoration of the panel.

[Anke Preußer, Paintings Conservator, Kunsthalle Bremen, November 2012]

10. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium , feather

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- delicate, fine lines

- hatching-strokes

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe essential details; little representation of volume; hatching-strokes define areas of shadow

Deviations:

- no alterations made during the painting process

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

Conservation History

Date2007

History of Restoration:

The painting originally belonged together with the allied coat-of-arms. During treatment by Lily Lange-Bellstedt in 1962 the painting on parchment was removed from the panel.

Afterwards the reverse was presumably sanded down (open worm channels). The panel was impregnated with a mixture of ethanol, ethylene glycol and shellac, presumably to straighten it. A missing corner on the top right was reconstructed using plywood. Probalbly glue/chalk fills, retouches in water-colour and tempera (?), mastix varnish.

In 1975 the panel was treated again by Christiane Rohland. A slight convex warp was observed in the panel, which increased after the two battens attached to the frame were removed. The panel had evidently been subjected to undue stress by this framing system.

Consolidation of tenting at the bottom right with bees wax, varnish application with dammar to matt retouches, some synthetic resin retouches (AW2).

In 1979 the panel was again removed from its frame by Mrs Rohland to record a comparative curve. The warp had increased.

To reframe the panel pieces of cork were nailed into the rebate. Only the central section of the top and bottom of the rebate was padded. The backboard consisted of a press board, the rough side of which had been painted black and consituted the reverse of the frame.

[Bettina Landgrebe, condition report for loan request, Städelsche Kunstinstitute, Frankfurt, 7.2.2007, in the files of the Kunsthalle Bremen]

Date05. 1975

May 1975

Recto: slight convex warp. Tenting in the paint layers at the bottom, right edge. Small split bottom edge, left with lose retouches. Matt retouches. Scratch in the varnish in the face. slight blooming in varnish.

Verso: Two planks. Edges not bevelled. About 4mm thick. Old wood worm damage in the right corners, top and bottom.

[no author, conservation report in the files of the Kunsthalle Bremen, 1975]

  • two wooden battens, which connected the allied coat-of-arms to the panel and were attached to the frame were removed. The panel was under tension and this caused the warp to increase. (see curve from 28.5.1975).

  • the tenting in the paint layers on the right and flaking along the split were consolidated with yellowish bees wax. The matt retouches were varnished with dammar. Retouching with synthetic resin (AW2) was carried out in areas of loss along the split and in small losses in the area of tenting, where it had not already been carried out in a previous treatment. The warp was not treated.

[no author, conservation report in the files of the Kunsthalle Bremen, 1975]

  • conservation treatment by Christiane Rohland

Date04. 1962 - 05. 1962

April - May 1962

  • the panel is very warped

  • the painted parchment attached to the reverse has yellowed

  • losses, dents, scratches

  • the upper right corner has broken off (see photograph)

April 1962

Reverse [parchment]:

  • dark brown, must be removed from the panel; as a result numerous tears and losses, blisters

[no author, conservation report in the files of the Kunsthalle Bremen, 1962]

  • the parchment was removed from the reverse of the panel by impregnating it over a long period with a mixture of ethenol, ethylene glycol and shellac; varnish removal; losses filled and retouched with water-colours and tempera; the corner was reconstructed using plywood; varnished with mastix

Reverse [parchment]:

  • laminated onto a hardboard employing a wax-colophonium adhesive; losses filled and retouched with water-colour and tempera; varnished with mastix, thin wax coating

[no author, conservation report in the files of the Kunsthalle Bremen, 1962]

  • conservation treatment by Lily Lange-Bellstedt

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KHB_160-1909-8B/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of a clean-shaven man with a fur hat and fur collar [Verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KHB_160-1909-8B/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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