Martin Luther

Martin Luther

Title

Martin Luther

[CDA 2010]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]
[Klein report 03.03.2016]
[Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 25]

'Half-length portrait, facing right. The sitter has a book in his hands. The last type of Luther portrait, which was produced by the Cranach workshop.'

[Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, no. 24]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

'...or Lucas Cranach the Younger and workshop'
[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

Lucas Cranach the Younger and workshop

'...or Lucas Cranach the elder and workshop'
[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

Production dates
about 1540
about 1546

Production dates

about 1540

[Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

about 1546

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 64.1 x 52.4 x 1.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 64.1 x 52.4 x 1.5 cm

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

  • Dimensions of support: 64 x 50 cm

  • [Maedebach, Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972, No. 25]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia on the left edge above the sitter's proper right shoulder: winged serpent with dropped wings; in black paint.

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia on the left edge above the sitter's proper right shoulder: winged serpent with dropped wings; in black paint.

  • [cda 2010]

Owner
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Repository
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Location
Coburg
CDA ID
DE_KSVC_M059
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M059/

Provenance

  • ducal property, Coburg
  • 1672 Gotha, Friedenstein castle
  • 1851 Ducal Art and Antiquities Collection, Coburg (Herzogliche Kunst- und Altertümersammlung der Veste Coburg (HKA) (not listed in the catalogue)
  • after 1873 in Coburg (Veste Coburg), Luther room (Lutherstube)
  • 1919 Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg (KVC)
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

Exhibitions

Coburg 1967, no. 15
Coburg 1972, no. 24

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 178-181 39 Pl. p. 179
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Weschenfelder 2018 A 14, 16, 18, 20, 21 Fig. 8
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg.
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-23
Braunfels, Eissenhauer 1996 5 Fig. p. 6
EditorVeronika Braunfels, Michael Eissenhauer
TitleMit Luther durch die Kunstsammlungen. Ein Führer zu den Luther-Zeugnissen in den Sammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationSchweinfurt
Year of Publication1996
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1972 No. 25
EditorHeino Maedebach
TitleGraphik aus dem Kupferstichkabinett der Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg. Beiheft: Lucas Cranach d. Ae. und seine Werkstatt: Gemälde
Place of PublicationCoburg
Year of Publication1972
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1967 015
EditorLWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster, Heino Maedebach
TitleMartin Luther 1517-1967. Ausstellung zur Erinnerung an die 95 Thesen Martin Luthers vom Jahre 1517
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1967
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 92 No. 340 (mentioned)
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
  • Martin Luther, about 1540

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

2018Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

- beech wood; three vertically aligned and buttjoined planks. Plank I:: 5-7.6 cm; plank II: 21.1-17.6 cm; plank III: 23.5-24.7 cm; the panel is chamfered on all four sides; both joints were covered with tow

- Dendrochronology: the following annual rings were measured: plank I: 46 annual rings, 1531-1486; plank II: 88 annual rings, no date available; plank III: 86 annual rings, 1536-1451. The youngest annual ring is from 1536. Generally with beech wood the entire section is used and only the bark is removed, therefore a felling date of 1536 can be estimated. The wood was seasoned for a further two years before use (Klein 2016).

Ground and Imprimatura

- chalk ground

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

03.03.2016Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Dendrochronology: plank I 46 annual rings 1531 - 1486; plank II 88 annual rings no dating possible; Brett III 86 annual rings 1536 - 1451

The youngest annual ring is from 1536

[Klein report 03.03.2016]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

Condition Reports

Date2018

Support:

  • at the top edge between the 2nd and 3rd planks there is a misalignment of c. 0.2 cm; the tow covering the joint between these planks was reduced when the joint was reinforced with seven oak wood blocks. The joint was probably open at some stage. The planks subsequently warped differently in the horizontal direction, at some stage the reverse was reinforced with wooden blocks. Splits were reinforced with tow. The area around the joints exhibits recent plane marks and open woodworm channels, marks from a block plane run across the grain. The reverse has a dark brown coating.

Paint layers:

  • there are fills and retouches along the joint between the 2nd and 3rd planks

Varnish:

  • the painting has a glossy resin varnish, which was probably applied repeatedly with a brush. The strong fluorescence of this layer restricts the identification of retouches under UV light to a few relatively new ones.

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

Conservation History

Date1985

Treatment carried out in the studios of the Doerner-Institute, Bavarian State Collections (Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen), Munich

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 178]

  • conservation treatment by Klaus Büchel

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M059/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Martin Luther', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M059/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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