Christ as the Man of Sorrows

Christ as the Man of Sorrows

Title

Christ as the Man of Sorrows

[CDA 2010]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]
[Klein report, 03.03.2016]

The painting depicts a half-length, seated Man of Sorrows against a black background. He only wears a loincloth on his body, which is covered in wounds. Long streams of blood run along his arms from the wounds in his hands. His head is crowned with thorns and inclined to the

The painting depicts a half-length, seated Man of Sorrows against a black background. He only wears a loincloth on his body, which is covered in wounds. Long streams of blood run along his arms from the wounds in his hands. His head is crowned with thorns and inclined to the left. Christ holds the rods and a whip in the bend his left arm.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Younger

"or the Elder?" [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]
[Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

'or the Younger?' [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

Production date
after 1537

Production date

after 1537

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 76] [Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg, revised 2010]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 85.5 x 57.3 x 1.7 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 85.5 x 57.3 x 1.7 cm

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent with dropped wings

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent with dropped wings

  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

Inscriptions and Labels
none Reverse: - label: 'Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt 41509519' - label: Kunstsammlungen Basel, Cranach exhibition 1974 - handwritten in chalk: '1016/II' (= lot …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • none

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse: - label: 'Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt 41509519'
  • - label: Kunstsammlungen Basel, Cranach exhibition 1974
  • - handwritten in chalk: '1016/II' (= lot no. auction Weinmüller 1966) and 'BIV/517/I'
  • [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]
Owner
Oberfrankenstiftung
Repository
Veste Coburg Kunstsammlungen
Location
Coburg
CDA ID
DE_KSVC_M419
FR (1978) Nr.
FR380
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M419/

Provenance

  • 1901 auction J. M. Heberle (H. Lempertz' Söhne) Cologne, 05.11.1901, no. 49
  • 1903 art market, auction house Helbing, Munich, 7.12.1903, no. 21
  • private collection, Arco-Zinneberg, Munich
  • 1966 art market, Weinmüller, Munich 28/30.11.1966, no. 1016, pl. 52
  • 1966 in the Collection of Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt (acquired from Weinmüller, Munich)
  • since 1986 on permanent loan to the Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
  • 2003 Oberfrankenstiftung, on permanent loan to the Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
    [Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

See also the entry in the Lost Art-Database, Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum für Kulturgutverluste: http://www.lostart.de/DE/Fund/532900 (accessed 17 Dec. 2019).

Exhibitions

Basel 1974, Bd. 2, no. 291

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 76-80 12 Pl. p. 77, Fig. 1
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Weschenfelder 2018 A 14
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg.
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-23
Cat. Coburg 2003 56
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
EditorLWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster, KulturStiftung der Länder
TitleAltdeutsche Bilder der Sammlung Georg Schäfer. Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
SeriesPatrimonia
Volume256
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication2003
Exhib. Cat. Schweinfurt 1985 78 No.13 Fig. p. 78
AuthorIsolde Lübbeke, Bruno Bushart
TitleAltdeutsche Bilder der Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt
Place of PublicationSchweinfurt
Year of Publication1985
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 147 No. 380 Fig. 380
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 291 (Bd. 2)
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Auct. Cat. Munich 1966 No. 1016 Plate 52
EditorAuktionshaus Weinmüller, Munich
TitleAuktionskatalog Weinmüller, München, Auktion 101, 28/30.11.1966
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1966
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 306 with Fig.
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Auct. Cat. Munich 1903 No. 21
EditorAuktionshaus Helbing, Munich
TitleAuktionskatalog Helbing München, 7.12.1903
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1903
Auct. Cat. Cologne 1901 No. 49 with Fig.
EditorKunsthaus Lempertz, Cologne
TitleAuktionskatalog, Kunsthaus Lempertz, 5.11.1901
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication1901
  • Christ as the Man of Sorrows, after 1537

Images

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Technical studies

2018Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

- beech wood

- three vertically aligned and butt-joined planks. Plank I: 15.8 cm; plank II: 23.2 cm; plank III: 18.3 cm

- there is a rebate of c. 0.8 cm width running around the edge of the panel

- the joins are covered with tow on both the recto and verso of the panel

- the panel was originally fitted in a grooved frame

- toolmarks from a blockplane are visible perpendicular to the direction of the grain

Dendrochronology: the following measurements were made: plank I: no measurements possible; plank II: 58 annual rings, 1522-1465; plank III: no measurements possible. The youngest annual ring is from the year 1522. Generally with beech wood the entire section is used and only the bark is removed, therefore it may be assumed that 1522 is the earliest felling date. The wood would then have been seasoned for at least two years before it was used (Klein 2016).

Ground and Imprimatura

- chalk ground

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

03.03.2016Scientific analysis

  • Dendrochronology / identification of wood species

Support

Identification of wood species: beech wood

Plank I: dating not possible; plank II: 58 annual rings, 1522 - 1465; plank III: dating not possible

The youngest annual ring is from 1522; the eariest felling date is 1522; following a two year seasoning period the panel could not have been used before 1524.

[Klein report, 03.03.2016]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools / Materials:

- dry drawing material (dark chalk) and fluid drawing medium(brush)

Type/Ductus:

- relatively detailed underdrawing

- thin to broad lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours, define shapes and features (partially visible); no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Younger?

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Condition Reports

Date2018

Support:

  • the edges of the original panel were chamfered at a later stage. The chamfer is c. 3.6 cm in width and exhibits open worm channels. The reverse has been stained a reddish-brown colour.

Paint layers:

  • there are relief marks from the tow application (up to 12 cm in width) visible on the painted surface and a corresponding cracking pattern. Abrasion of this relief is visible in the hand at the left and has been provisionally retouched.

Varnish:

  • the painting has a glossy resin varnish, which was probably applied repeatedly with a brush. Under UV-light various old large retouches, as well as more recent ones are visible.

[Cat. Coburg 2018, 76]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Christ as the Man of Sorrows', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M419/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Christ as the Man of Sorrows', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSVC_M419/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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