Judith with the Head of Holofernes

Judith with the Head of Holofernes

Title

Judith with the Head of Holofernes

[http://onlinekatalog.staatsgalerie.de/detail.jsp?id=133EFD394E8BC6F16A641EAF3C0D084E&img=1; 22-07-2015]

Painting on lime wood

Medium

Painting on lime wood

[http://onlinekatalog.staatsgalerie.de/detail.jsp?id=133EFD394E8BC6F16A641EAF3C0D084E&img=1; 22-07-2015]

According to the apocryphal Book of Judith, the Old Testament heroine liberated her native Jewish city of Bethulia from Assyrian occupation by beheading the Assyrian military commander Holofernes with his own sword after a feast, thus forcing the leaderless troops to flee. Cranach portrays Judith - as a half-length figure

According to the apocryphal Book of Judith, the Old Testament heroine liberated her native Jewish city of Bethulia from Assyrian occupation by beheading the Assyrian military commander Holofernes with his own sword after a feast, thus forcing the leaderless troops to flee. Cranach portrays Judith - as a half-length figure - after she has already completed the act of beheading Holofernes. Judith's costume has been tailored according to the latest fashions. That and her individual facial features indicate that what we have here is not an ideal image of the Old Testament heroine but a historically dressed portrait of a lady of the court. The young woman stands behind a stone balustrade before a neutral black and red background against which the silhouette-like character of her body but also the rich, jewel-like colours stand out distinctly. Every detail of the lavishly decorated clothing has been recorded meticulously and with a flair for courtly splendour. At the same time, the robes with their velvety quality and warm, glowing hues, heighten the appeal of the figure's cool, marble-white skin. Cranach cunningly plays out the contrast between emotionless beauty and the cruelty of the theme depicted. The expansive, abstractive pictorial structure, the deeply luminous coloration, the finely executed painting technique and the stylistic conventions oriented towards the courtly ideal of beauty identify this painting as a characteristic example of the artist's Wittenberg period.

[Elsbeth Wiemann, http://onlinekatalog.staatsgalerie.de/detail.jsp?id=133EFD394E8BC6F16A641EAF3C0D084E&img=1; 22-07-2015]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[http://onlinekatalog.staatsgalerie.de/detail.jsp?id=133EFD394E8BC6F16A641EAF3C0D084E&img=1; 22-07-2015]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

'not single-handed by Cranach' [Koepplin, in Exhib. Cat. 1974, 784]

Production date
about 1530

Production date

about 1530

[http://onlinekatalog.staatsgalerie.de/detail.jsp?id=133EFD394E8BC6F16A641EAF3C0D084E&img=1; 22-07-2015]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 86.5 x 58.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 86.5 x 58.5 cm

  • [cda 2015]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the bottom left: serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in white paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the bottom left: serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in white paint

  • [Elsbeth Wiemann, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, revised 2015]

Inscriptions and Labels
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart inventory label

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Staatsgalerie Stuttgart inventory label
  • [Elsbeth Wiemann, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, revised 2015]
Owner
Land Baden-Württemberg
Repository
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Location
Stuttgart
CDA ID
DE_SGS_643
FR (1978) Nr.
FR230
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SGS_643/

Provenance

  • Friedrich Freiherr von Salmuth, Heidelberg
  • acquired 1847
    [Cat. Stuttgart 1992, 96-98]

Exhibitions

  • Berlin 1937, No. 79
  • Brussels 2010, No. 114

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010 212-213 114
EditorBozarbooks & Lannoo, Guido Messling
TitleDie Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Die Welt des Lucas Cranach", Palast der Schönen Künste, Brüssel, 20. Oktober 2010 - 23. Januar 2011]
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Cat. Stuttgart 1992 96-98
AuthorEdeltraut Rettich, Rüdiger Klapproth, Gerhard Ewald
TitleAlte Meister. Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1992
Cat. Stuttgart 1989 47-48
AuthorElsbeth Wiemann
TitleAltdeutsche Malerei. Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1989
Antoni 1988 192, 304
AuthorIrene Antoni
TitleDie Staatsgalerie Stuttgart im 19. Jahrhundert. Ein "Museum der bildenden Künste", Diss. phil. Stuttgart 1986
SeriesTuduv-Studien. Reihe Kunstgeschichte
Volume31
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1988
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 116 230
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 418, 784 232
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 85
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972 24, 28
AuthorKarl Schütz
EditorKunsthistorisches Museum, Wien
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und seine Werkstatt. Jubiläumsausstellung museumseigener Werke 1472-1972
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1972
Zimmer 1971 124
AuthorJürgen Zimmer
TitleJoseph Heintz der Ältere als Maler
Place of PublicationWeissenhorn
Year of Publication1971
Cat. Stuttgart 1962 57
EditorStuttgarter Galerieverein
TitleKatalog der Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. Alte Meister
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1962
Cat. Stuttgart 1957 69
EditorStuttgarter Galerieverein
TitleKatalog der Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1957
Posse 1942 61
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 32 079 Pl. 70
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 65 190
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Stuttgart 1931 37
AuthorKlaus von Baudissin
TitleKatalog der Staatsgalerie zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1931
Glaser 1921 A 233
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1921
Cat. Stuttgart 1917 18 5
AuthorGertrud Gradmann
TitleVerzeichnis der Gemäldegalerie im Kgl. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1917
Cat. Stuttgart 1907 48 5
AuthorKonrad Lange-Tübingen
TitleVerzeichnis der Gemäldesammlung im kgl. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart.Mit 100 Abbildungen
Place of PublicationStuttgart
IssueSecond edition
Year of Publication1907
Cat. Stuttgart 1903 4 5
AuthorKonrad Lange
TitleVerzeichnis der Gemälde-Sammlung im Königlichen Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1903
Michaelson 1902 108
AuthorHedwig Michaelson
TitleLukas Cranach der Ältere. Untersuchung über die stilistische Entwicklung seiner Kunst
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1902
Cat. Stuttgart 1900 69 529
AuthorKonrad Lange
TitleVerzeichnis der Gemälde-Sammlung im Kgl. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1900
Cat. Stuttgart 1888 62 529
Authorn. a.
TitleVerzeichnis der Gemälde-Sammlung im Kgl. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1888
Cat. Stuttgart 1867 108 451
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog der Plastischen und der Gemälde-Sammlung im K. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1867
Cat. Stuttgart 1863 98 451
Authorn. a.
TitleKatalog der Plastischen und der Gemälde-Sammlung im K. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1863
Cat. Stuttgart 1856 106 537
Authorn. a.
TitlePlastische und Gemälde-Sammlung im K. Museum der Bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1856
Schuchardt 1851 C 123 395
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Cat. Stuttgart 1847 65 4
Authorn. a.
TitleVerzeichnis der Gegenstände der plastischen und der Gemälde-Sammlung im K. Museum der Bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1847
Cat. Stuttgart 1844 65 4
Authorn. a.
TitleVerzeichnis der Gegenstände der plastischen und der Gemälde-Sammlung im K. Museum der bildenden Künste zu Stuttgart
Place of PublicationStuttgart
Year of Publication1844
  • Judith with the Head of Holofernes, about 1530

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • detail
  • detail
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Technical studies

06. 2015Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid, black medium; brush

Type/Ductus:

- cursory, freehand underdrawing

- thin and slightly broader lines

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines delineate the main contours and describe essential details and facial features; no representation volume with hatching-strokes

Deviations:

- minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process; small changes

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder or workshop

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2016]

  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

2015Technical Examination

Support

- the dimensions of the panel are original

- the panel is made from vertically aligned planks

- the edge of the ground layer has been retained on all sides

  • examined by Gunnar Heydenreich

Condition Reports

Date2015

  • the panel has been thinned and cradled
  • examined by Gunnar Heydenreich

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Judith with the Head of Holofernes', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SGS_643/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Judith with the Head of Holofernes', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SGS_643/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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