The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg

The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg

Titles

The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg

[CDA 2011]

Sidonie of Bohemia

[Quandt 1834, 17-21][1]
[Frenzel 1850, 4][1]
[Schuchardt 1851 A, Bd. 2, Nos. 291, 292][1]
[Lindau 1883, 103][1] [1] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 426, 427, 430]

Painting on wood, transferred to canvas

Medium

Painting on wood, transferred to canvas

[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

This portrait of Katharina of Mecklenburg wearing a hat with a flamboyant plume fills the pictorial space in the vertical direction.The gold and red on her dress together with the black of the brocade pattern pick up on the colours worn by the groom. Long, static folds punctuate the

This portrait of Katharina of Mecklenburg wearing a hat with a flamboyant plume fills the pictorial space in the vertical direction.The gold and red on her dress together with the black of the brocade pattern pick up on the colours worn by the groom. Long, static folds punctuate the broad gold embroidered motifs of leaves and vases that decorate her skirt. Katharina has her arms bent and gently holds her right wrist. She is wearing a golden sash around her waist that falls down to the lapdog in the right corner. She is wearing three large chains around her neck. The middle one displays the initials 'HK' for Heinrich and Katharina. This reference indicates the bond between the married couple.

[Görres, in Bonnet, Görres 2015, 48] [Translation, cda 2015]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Production date
1514

Production date

1514

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 184.5 x 83 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 184.5 x 83 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia bottom left (Cartellino): '1514L [winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left] C'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia bottom left (Cartellino): '1514L [winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left] C'

Inscriptions and Labels
In collar: 'HK' Reverse of the canvas: Reverse of the frame:

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • In collar: 'HK'
  • [Görres, cda 2015]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the canvas: [Gal.-Nr.]
  • Reverse of the frame:
  • [Sammlungsnachweis Dresden] [Exhibition label: Berlin 1937]
  • [Schlegel 2003, 25][1]
  • [1][Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]
Owner
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Repository
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Location
Dresden
CDA ID
DE_SKD_GG1906H
FR (1978) Nr.
FR061
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906H/

Provenance

  • 1512 invoice
    [Schade 1974, Dok. 96][1]

  • 1595 first recorded in the Dresden Kunstkammer
    [Inventar Kunstkammer 1595, fol. 409 v.][1]

  • 1834 first recorded in the Königliche Historische Museum
    [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 427]

  • 1905 Gemäldegalerie
    [Inventar Zugänge 1874-1944, Nr. 414, 415][1]

  • 1945-1955 USSR
    [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 427]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 426, 427, 430]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, No. 6, 7
Berlin 1937, No. 24, 25
Dresden 1937, 12
Weimar 1972, 17, 25
Basel 1974, 87
Dresden 1989, No. 142, 143
Chemnitz 2005, 424-431, No. 34.2

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 141, fn. 10; 183, 186 under nos. 24, 41
Author / EditorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Heydenreich 2017 A 80
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleCranach? Fragen der Zuschreibung im Lichte kunsttechnologischer Untersuchungen
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages72-81
Bonnet, Görres 2015 48-49 13 p. 49
Author / EditorAnne-Marie Bonnet, Daniel Görres
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. - Maler der Deutschen Renaissance
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Wiemers 2015 231 3
Author / EditorMichael Wiemers
TitleFranz Wolfgang Rohrichs Cranach-Fälschungen
Publicationin Kulturstiftung Dessau-Wörlitz, ed., Cranach im Gotischen Haus in Wörlitz, Exhib. Cat. Wörlitz
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages229-236
Bonnet, Kopp-Schmidt, Görres 2010 160-161 13
Author / EditorAnne-Marie Bonnet, Gabriele Kopp-Schmidt, Daniel Görres
TitleDie Malerei der deutschen Renaissance
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2010
Maaz 2010 22-25
Author / EditorBernhard Maaz
TitleCranach in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister Dresden
Place of PublicationBerlin, Munich
Year of Publication2010
Martin 2010 55 Fig. 2, p. 54
Author / EditorAndrew John Martin
TitleLucas Cranach et l'arte delle corti del Nord; Lucas Cranach and the Art of the Northern Courts
Publicationin Anna Coliva, Bernhard Aikema, eds., Cranach l¿altro rinascimento, a different Renaissance, Exhib. Cat. Rome
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication2010
Pages48 - 61
Messling 2010 13 4
Author / EditorGuido Messling
TitleBlicke auf Cranach
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages12-25
Brinkmann 2007 20
Author / EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleDas Lächeln der Madonna. Lucas Cranach und die Folgen
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages17-27
Heydenreich 2007 A 11, 81, 85, 112, 116, 118, 119, 123, 125, 227, 291, 292, 294
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Heydenreich 2007 B 45, 46 39
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
CDA.Bloh 2005 177, 180 34.2
Author / EditorJutta Charlotte von Bloh
TitleKleidung und Waffen in den Fürstenbildnissen der Cranachs
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages174-181
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 386, 425-431, 504 34.2 Pl. p. 425
Author / EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Kolb 2005 A 115, 119, 166, 168 Fn. 23 34.2
Author / EditorKarin Kolb
TitleCranach - Die Gemälde in Dresden und ihre Geschichte
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages112-173
Kolb 2005 C 537, 551, 552, 554-560 34.2
Author / EditorKarin Kolb
TitleDokumentation zum Dresdener Cranach-Bestand
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages526-572
Marx 2005 90, 93 34.2 Fig. p. 93
Author / EditorHarald Marx
TitleDresden als Cranach-Palast und der 'moderne' Cranach
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, ed., Cranach. Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages88-111
Marx, Mössinger, Roth 2005 12
Author / EditorHarald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Martin Roth
TitleVorwort
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, ed., Cranach. Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages10-17
Schölzel 2005 186-188 34.2 Figs. 92a, 92b, 93a, 93b
Author / EditorChristoph Schölzel
TitleZeichnungen unter der Farbschicht. Zu den Unterzeichnungen von Cranachs Gemälden in der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister und in der Rüstkammer Dresden
Publicationin Harald Marx, Ingrid Mössinger, Karin Kolb, eds., Cranach. Gemälde aus Dresden, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Pages182-197
Schlegel 2003 28
Author / EditorArmgard Schlegel
TitleTechnologische Untersuchungen an Holzbildträgern von Gemälden der Cranachwerkstatt in den Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
IssueSeminararbeit der Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden
Year of Publication2003
Wiemers 2000 20
Author / EditorMichael Wiemers
TitleDie Ehebildnisse des Fürsten Joachim Ernst von Anhalt und seiner Gemahlin Agnes von Barby von Lucas Cranach dem Jüngeren
Publicationin "Die Güter dieser Welt": Schätze der Lutherzeit aus den Sammlungen der Moritzburg Halle, Exhib. Cat. Halle
Place of PublicationHalle
Year of Publication2000
Pages11-21
Kathke 1997 123
Author / EditorPetra Kathke
TitlePorträt und Accessoire. Eine Bildnisform im 16. Jahrhundert
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1997
Marx 1996 B 172
Author / EditorHarald Marx
TitleCranach. Lucas der Ältere und Lucas der Jüngere. Gemälde in Dresden
JournalDresdener Kunstblätter
Issue40/6
Year of Publication1996
Pages170-180
Hinz 1993 77-79
Author / EditorBerthold Hinz
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationReinbek near Hamburg
Year of Publication1993
Cat. Dresden 1992 157, 158
Author / EditorAngelo Walther
TitleGemäldegalerie Dresden. Alte Meister. Katalog der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1992
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1989 Nos. 142, 143
Author / EditorManfred Bachmann, Albertinum, Dresden
TitleDer silberne Boden. Kunst und Bergbau in Sachsen
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1989
Marx 1989
Author / EditorHarald Marx
Title"...und war die Hochzeit-Kleidung fast seltsam". Zu einem Bildnis Heinrichs des Frommen
JournalDresdener Kunstblätter
Issue3
Year of Publication1989
Pages78-82
Löcher 1985 A 75, 76
Author / EditorKurt Löcher
TitleDas Bildnis in ganzer Figur. Quellen und Entwicklung
JournalZeitschrift für Schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte
Issue42
Year of Publication1985
Pages74-82
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 82 No. 61 Fig. 61
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg, G. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 87
Author / EditorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 54, 55
Author / EditorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Froning 1973 25, 32-38
Author / EditorHubertus Froning
TitleDie Entstehung und Entwicklung des stehenden Ganzfigurenporträts in der Tafelmalerei des 16. Jahrhunderts. Eine formalgeschichtliche Untersuchung
Place of PublicationWürzburg
Year of Publication1973
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B 17, 25
Author / EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Lüdecke 1972 32, 33
Author / EditorHeinz Lüdecke
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1972
Zimmermann E. H. 1969 286
Author / EditorErnst Heinrich Zimmermann
TitleZur Ikonographie von Damenbildnissen des älteren und des jüngeren Lucas Cranach
JournalPantheon
IssueXXVII, 4
Year of Publication1969
Pages283-293
Alpatow 1966 24
Author / EditorMichael W. Alpatow
TitleDie Dresdner Galerie Alte Meister
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1966
Menz 1962 150, 151
Author / EditorHenner Menz
TitleDie Dresdener Gemäldegalerie
Place of PublicationMunich, Zurich
Year of Publication1962
Aragon, Cocteau 1957 20-23, 141
Author / EditorLouis Aragon, Jean Cocteau
TitleEntretiens sur le musée de Dresde
Place of PublicationParis
Year of Publication1957
Balzer 1956 19
Author / EditorWolfgang Balzer
TitleDresdner Galerie. 120 Meisterwerke des 15. bis 18. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1956
Rudloff-Hille 1953 B 24
Author / EditorGertrude Rudloff-Hille
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. Eine Einführung in sein Leben und sein Werk.
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1953
Posse 1943 33
Author / EditorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
IssueSecond edition
Year of Publication1943
Lilienfein 1942 42, 62, 63
Author / EditorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Posse 1942 33
Author / EditorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 19 025 Pl. 29
Author / EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1937 12
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und der Jüngere. Ausstellung von Werken aus dem Besitze der Staatlichen Gemäldegalerie und dem Staatlichen Kupferstichkabinet
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 53, 54
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Heyck 1927 92
Author / EditorEduard Heyck
TitleLucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1927
Glaser 1923 110-112, 173, 226
Author / EditorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Seidlitz 1921 98
Author / EditorWoldemar von Seidlitz
TitleDie Kunst in Dresden vom Mittelalter bis zur Neuzeit. Bd. I: 1464-1625
Volume1
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1921
Heyck 1908 80
Author / EditorEduard Heyck
TitleLukas Cranach
SeriesKünstlermonographien
Volume95
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1908
Link https://archive.org/details/lukascranach01heycgoog
Sponsel 1906 059
Author / EditorJean Louis Sponsel
TitleFürsten-Bildnisse aus dem Hause Wettin
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1906
Flechsig 1900 A VI, 37, 89, 91, 252
Author / EditorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Ehrenthal 1899 26
Author / EditorMax von Ehrenthal
TitleFührer durch das Königliche Historische Museum zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 Nos. 6, 7
Author / EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Ehrenthal 1896 27, 28
Author / EditorMax von Ehrenthal
TitleFührer durch das Königliche Historische Museum zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1896
Erbstein 1889 9
Author / EditorAlbert Erbstein
TitleBeschreibung des Königlichen Historischen Museums und der Königlichen Gewehrgalerie zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1889
Lindau 1883 103
Author / EditorMartin Bernhard Lindau
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Lebensbild aus dem Zeitalter der Reformation
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1883
Rahnfeld vor 1876 7
Author / EditorF. A. Rahnfeld
TitleNotizen für den Beschauer des Königlichen historischen Museums im Zwingergebäude zu Dresden
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1876
Erbstein 1873 10-13
Author / EditorJulius Erbstein
TitleDas wahre Bildnis Albrecht des Beherzten, Herzog zu Sachsen
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1873
Schuchardt 1851 C 55 292
Author / EditorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Frenzel 1850 4
Author / EditorF. A. Frenzel
TitleDer Führer durch das historische Museum zu Dresden
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1850
  • The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg, 1514

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • irr
  • irr
  • detail
  • other
  • other

Technical studies

23.09.2012Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr
  • irr
  • irr

Underdrawing

Results

Drawing material:

- fluid (brush)

Technique:

- fluid underdrawing with a brush (particularly in the dog and the hands and face), which was executed with only slight modification in paint. Due to the extensive gilding only a few lines are visible in the robe. Annotation in the precious stone on the necklace. [1]

- minor alterations during the painting process: left eye, left nostril, details of the left ear, finger of the right and left hand, left leg and behind of the dog

- the bottom edge of the folds were executed in the underdrawing

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425, 186, 187]

[Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]

  • photographed by Alexandra Böhme
  • photographed by Christoph Schölzel

2005Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography

Underdrawing

fluid underdrawing with a brush (particularly in the dog and the hands and face), which was executed with only slight modification in paint. Due to the extensive gilding only a few lines are visible in the robe. Annotation in the precious stone on the necklace.

Framing

- new frame: black, profiled frame with gilded members, 19th/20th century

[Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

2003Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • other
  • reverse

Support

- originally four (?) vertical planks

[Schlegel 2003, 28][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Condition Reports

Date2005

Support:

  • transferred to canvas (isolating gaze)

  • paper facing on the left and right edges

Painted surface:

  • isolated retouching (particularly along the joins, on the floor, on the dog and in the background)

  • old, glossy varnish

[Schlegel, Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Date1955

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, sowjetischer Gemäldepass][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Conservation History

Date1976

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Date1957

[GGAM, Abt. Restaurierung, Meldung][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Date1907

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 12, Bl. 135-2, 153, 154][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Date1896

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 6, Bl. 115, 118, 126][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Date1895

[Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 10, Bl. 113][1]

[1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 425]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906H/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Duchess Katharina of Mecklenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKD_GG1906H/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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