The Adoration of the Magi

The Adoration of the Magi

Titles

The Adoration of the Magi

[CDA 2010]

Die Mutter Gottes mit dem Kindlein Jesu, welchem die Heil. Drey Könige oder Weysen aus MorgenLand Geschenke bringen.

"Die Mutter Gottes mit dem Kindlein Jesu, welchem die Heil. Drey Könige oder Weysen aus MorgenLand Geschenke bringen. Lucas Cranachs Arbeit", [Inventar 1721, fol. 483, No. 9][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Die drei weißen aus Morgen land

[Nachlass-Inventar 1681, No. 4][1], 'In the picture chamber under the roof'[1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Wie die Weyßen auß Morgenlandt zum Hern Christo kommen

[Inventar 1644, fol. 31][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Eine Gemahlte Tafel [...] daran die Histori abconterfeit, wie die heilge drey Könige daß Kindlein Jhesu angebetet vndt dasselbe beschenkt haben

[Thüringisches Hauptstaatsarchiv Weimar, A 551, Inventar über die Hinterlassenschaft des Herzogs Friedrich Wilhelm][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Painting on fir

Medium

Painting on fir

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16, 214]
[Klein, Report 1994]

The Adoration of the Magi. The Virgin is wearing a red dress with a violet hem and a blue cloak with green lining and is seated beneath a thatched roof in front of an old wall behind which a tower is visible. She holds the infant who is standing on

The Adoration of the Magi. The Virgin is wearing a red dress with a violet hem and a blue cloak with green lining and is seated beneath a thatched roof in front of an old wall behind which a tower is visible. She holds the infant who is standing on her knee. He takes a gold coin from the dish offered to him by the bearded old man kneeling before him who casts a reverential glance at the Virgin. He is wearing a damask gown with green sleeves and an ermine collar. Beside him kneels a man with blond curly hair wearing a purple coat with a fur collar and a gold chain, and holding an embossed cup. His fur hat and gold chain are on the ground in front of him. A Moor stands behind him in a red robe and a green coat with damask elements. He is holding a gold vessel. He has pearl earrings and his turban sits on the nape of his neck. In the background there is a rocky landscape with a castle and a town. Signed with the dragon (yellow, large)

[http://www.museen.thueringen.de/Objekt/DE-MUS-871312/lido/obj-13850673; accessed 20 Oct 2015] [Translation, cda 2015]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, 168, No. 7]
[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]
'Cranach Lucas Sunders'
[Inventar 1764, fol. 237, No. 9][1]
[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 69, No. 134][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Production dates
about 1513 - 1516
about 1505

Production dates

about 1513 - 1516

[Schade, Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 261]

about 1505

'A lovely, fresh picture from the artist's youth', [Schneidler 1868, Abt. V, No. 32][1]; [ Aldenhoven 1890, No. 331][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

about 1512

'about 1512'
[Koepplin, Exhib. Cat. 1974, 526, No. 373]

about 1514

[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, 168, No. 7]

about 1515

'Scheibler: about 1515, like the 'Marriage of Catharine' in Wörlitz, supported also by the rough shape of the serpent. It is a major work by Cranach from this period.'
[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 122 x 73 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 122 x 73 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

  • Dimensions including frame: 145.5 x 97 cm

  • [Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, revised 2011]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia bottom, centre: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left; in orange/yellow paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia bottom, centre: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left; in orange/yellow paint

Owner
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Repository
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Location
Gotha
CDA ID
DE_SMG_SG677
FR (1978) Nr.
FR048
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG677/

Provenance

  • recorded in Gotha Castle since 1681
    [Inventar 1681, No. 4][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 2001, 1.2]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, No. 78
Dresden 1971, No. 107, Plate
Weimar 1972, No. 8
Basel 1974, No. 373, Fig. 282
Gotha 1994
Hamburg 2003, No. 7

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 261 under No. 10.1 Fig. 121
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003 45, 168 007 Pl. 7
EditorBucerius Kunst Forum, Werner Schade
TitleLucas Cranach. Glaube, Mythologie und Moderne [Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg]
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Schade 2003 18 7 Fig. 15
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleBildhaftigkeit bei Cranach
Publicationin Heiz Spielmann, Werner Schade, eds., Lucas Cranach Glaube Mythologie und Maderne , Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Pages12-21
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 2001 1.2
EditorGotha Kultur, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleErnst der Fromme (1601-1675), Bauherr und Sammler. Katalog zum 400. Geburtstag Herzog Ernsts I. von Sachsen-Gotha und Altenburg
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication2001
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994 16
EditorStiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
TitleGotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Klein 1994 A 194
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleLucas Cranach und seine Werkstatt. Holzarten und dendrochronologische Analyse
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages194-200
Klein 1994 B 210, 214
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleHolzartenbestimmung und dendrochronologische Analyse an Gemäldetafeln von Lucas Cranach d.Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
PublicationAllmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages210-219
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994 16-18, 33 1.1 Figs. p. 16, 17, Pl. p. 33
AuthorWerner Schade, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleMalerei und Plastik
Publicationin Allmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages15-94
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 79 No. 48 Fig. 48
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 526-527 No. 373 Fig. 282
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 67 Fig. 92
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1971 No. 107
EditorStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
TitleDeutsche Kunst der Dürerzeit
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1971
Lilienfein 1942 Fig. 36
AuthorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Bockelberg 1941 119
AuthorOtto Heinrich Bockelberg
TitleDas Morgenländische in der Anbetung der Könige
Publicationin Martin Luther-Universität, Halle-Wittenberg, Horst Keller, ed., Deutschland-Italien. Beiträge zu den Kulturbeziehungen zwischen Norden und Süden. Festschrift für Wilhelm Waetzoldt zu seinem 60. Geburtstage 21.2.1940
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1941
Pages91-134
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 38 43
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Flechsig 1900 A 95-97 Figs. 18, 101, 278, 297
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 No. 78
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Parthey 1863-1864 681 (Bd. 1) No. 45 (?)
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
  • The Adoration of the Magi, about 1513 - 1516

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Technical studies

17.03.1994Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

'The panel consists of six fir (Abies alba) planks. Planks I and VI and II and V are respectively from the same tree. (20.7 x 14.3 cm). The 58 (Plank I) and 57 (Plank VI) annual rings measured match the fir wood chronology of southern Germany between the years 1488 and 1431 and 1487 and 1431 respectively. The most recent annual ring dated is from the year 1488. Usually with fir wood the entire transverse section was used and only the bark was removed, therefore the earliest felling date is 1488. Considering a two year seasoning period the painting could have been created no earlier than 1490.'

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16, 214]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

1966Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography

'The detail is clearly visible. The flesh paint contains a considerable amount of lead white, but does not dfferentiate in the modelling. The hair is painted with a very fine brush. The craquellee varies and is partially dictated by the grain of the wood. There is a large loss on the child's left temple which is partially punctuated with tiny islands of lead white. The vertical grain of the wood (fir) is clearly visible. The panel consists of more than one plank and has a cradle on the reverse, with vertical load bearing battens and horizontal removable ones.'

Martin Meier-Siem, Hamburg 1966

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 16]

  • examined by Martin Meier-Siems

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Adoration of the Magi', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG677/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'The Adoration of the Magi', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG677/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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