Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg

Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg

Title

Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg

[CDA 2012]

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sp.)

[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]

The painting depicts Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg as a half-length figure against a dark background. He is turned slightly to the right and looks in the same direction. His robe is made of dark red damask with a white pomegranate pattern and lined with fur. Under this he wears

The painting depicts Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg as a half-length figure against a dark background. He is turned slightly to the right and looks in the same direction. His robe is made of dark red damask with a white pomegranate pattern and lined with fur. Under this he wears an orange-red doublet richly embroidered with pearls to create a pattern of acanthus leaves and a zigzag motif. He wears numerous rings on his finger and holds rosary beads in his hands.

[see Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 164-165, I.7]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 164-165, I.7]
[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, 170, No. 22]
[Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 291, No. 169]

Production date
1529

Production date

1529

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 52.4 x 35.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 52.4 x 35.8 cm

  • [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the shoulder: winged serpent (with elevated wings) and date '1529'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the shoulder: winged serpent (with elevated wings) and date '1529'

Owner
Hohenzoller dynasty, Georg Friedrich Prince of Prussia
Repository
Grunewald hunting lodge
Location
Grunewald
CDA ID
DE_SPSG_GKI9377
FR (1978) Nr.
FR330
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SPSG_GKI9377/

Provenance

  • 1902 acquired by Kaiser Wilhelm II for the Hohenzollern museum from a private collection in Frankfurt
    [Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 164-165, I.7]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1937, no. 74
Hamburg 2003, no. 22
Berlin 2009/2010, no. I.7

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Heydenreich 2010 A 75 67f
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleReisende Bilder im Wandel
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages66-79
Martin 2010 56, Fn. 47
AuthorAndrew John Martin
TitleLucas Cranach et l'arte delle corti del Nord; Lucas Cranach and the Art of the Northern Courts
Publicationin Anna Coliva, Bernhard Aikema, eds., Cranach l¿altro rinascimento, a different Renaissance, Exhib. Cat. Rome
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication2010
Pages48 - 61
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A 164-165 No. I.7 Fig. I.7
EditorStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
TitleCranach und die Kunst der Renaissance unter den Hohenzollern. Kirche, Hof und Stadtkultur
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication2009
Most, Wolf et al. 2009 91-94 Figs. 5, 6, 9
AuthorMechthild Most, Anja Wolf, Peter Klein, Undine Köhler, Jens Bartoll, Eva Wenders de Calisse
TitleZur Maltechnik der beiden Cranach und ihrer Werkstatt. Ergebnisse der technologischen Untersuchung der Bildtafeln der Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten
Publicationin Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg, Evangelische Kirchengemeinde St. Petri-St. Marien, eds., Cranach und die Kunst der Renaissance unter den Hohenzollern, Exhib. Cat. Berlin
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication2009
Pages86-97
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 471, 472 under No. 41
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003 34, 170 022 Pl. 22
EditorBucerius Kunst Forum, Werner Schade
TitleLucas Cranach. Glaube, Mythologie und Moderne [Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg]
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Exhib. Cat. Berlin, Kulmbach 1999 243-244 No. 3.12
EditorJohannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleBayern & Preußen & Bayerns Preußen.Schlaglichter auf eine historische Beziehung.
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1999
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 135 No. 330 Fig. 330
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 268, 291 No. 169 Fig. 132
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1973 No. 24
AuthorWilhelm H. Köhler, Frank Steigerwald
TitleLucas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Druckgraphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1973
Börsch-Supan 1964 43 No. 45
AuthorHelmut Börsch-Supan
TitleDie Gemälde im Jagdschloss Grunewald
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1964
Lilienfein 1942 68
AuthorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 31 073 Pl. 74
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 265
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Friedländer 1905 15
AuthorMax J. Friedländer
TitleDie Tafelmalerei des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts
Publicationin Oscar Döring, Georg Voss, eds., Meisterwerke der Kunst aus Sachsen und Thüringen
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1905
Pages3-18
Exhib. Cat. Erfurt 1903 015a
EditorOskar Doering
TitleKatalog der kunstgeschichtlichen Ausstellung zu Erfurt, September 1903
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1903
Link https://archive.org/details/katalogderkunstg00ange/page/n1/mode/2up

Research History / Discussion

‘In a variant of this painting, which is now in Aschaffenburg castle (Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen), the elector is depicted as ruler, wearing a large feathered beret and a signet ring. Technical examinations have shown that the faces of both portraits are almost identical and therefore were probably executed at the same time. However the condition of the painting in Aschaffenburg makes it difficult to determine which of the two paintings served as a template. The portrait of Joachim in Berlin could be the left wing of a diptych or triptych with a sacred representation in the centre and a right wing possibly depicting Cardinal Albrecht or Joachim II; but probably not his wife Elizabeth of Denmark.’

[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 164-165, I.7]

  • Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg, 1529

Images

Compare images
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  • irr

Technical studies

01. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- the initial design may have been executed with a dry drawing material (dark chalk); this was then reinforced using a fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing (hands); possibly traced or copied in the face

- thin lines

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and describe essential details and facial features (?)

Deviations:

- minor corrections were made during the painting process

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

Comments:

- possibly after a pre-existing design

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2019]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SPSG_GKI9377/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SPSG_GKI9377/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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