Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine

Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine

Titles

Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine

[CDA 2010]

Portrait of a Man

[CDA 2011]

Painting on limewood (Tilia sp.)

Medium

Painting on limewood (Tilia sp.)

[Klein, Report 2013]

Wood (Poplar wood?)

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

A half-length portrait of a man in black clothing with a beret. He is depicted facing right against a black background. His physiognomy concords with that of the portrait of a donor on a wing of the altarpiece in Naumburg an der Saar by the Cranach workshop. A coat-of-arms enabled

A half-length portrait of a man in black clothing with a beret. He is depicted facing right against a black background. His physiognomy concords with that of the portrait of a donor on a wing of the altarpiece in Naumburg an der Saar by the Cranach workshop. A coat-of-arms enabled the identification of the sitter as Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine, Bishop of Freising and Naumburg.

[Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Circle of Albrecht Dürer

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932, No. 119]

Circle of Albrecht Dürer

'School of Albrecht Dürer'
[Waagen, Cat. Berlin 1830, 149, No. 85]

Production date
about 1520 - 1522

Production date

about 1520 - 1522

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 44.5 x 29.9 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 44.5 x 29.9 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 56.4 x 42.3 cm

  • [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel: - left above the centre: label: 'VII D No 49/ 69, Sie: Zoll/ A I-4-/ L …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: - left above the centre:
  • label: 'VII D No 49/ 69, Sie: Zoll/ A I-4-/ L - 11-'
  • - centre, left:
  • label with a stamp: 'Preußen/ 342'
  • - centre, right:
  • seal: 'Königliche Museen Berlin'
  • - beneath:
  • stamp: I.668
  • - bottom left:
  • label: '"Staatliche Museen Berlin - Gemäldegalerie"/ Inventar.-Nr. I. 668/ Katalog-Nr. 601/ Cranach d.Ä.'
  • [Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
Owner
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
Repository
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
Location
Berlin
CDA ID
DE_smbGG_601
FR (1978) Nr.
FR141
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_601/

Provenance

  • 1821 acquired with the Solly Collection
  • 1884 given to the Art Academy (Kunstakademie), Düsseldorf

[Gemäldegalerie, revised 2010]
[Cat. Berlin 1931, 611, No. 601]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1937, 23, No. 40, Plate 38
Berlin 1973, No. 20

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Heydenreich 2007 A 69, 70, 193, 397 Figs. 46, 47, 51
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Tacke 2007 C 82
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleMit Cranachs Hilfe: Antireformatorische Kunstwerke vor dem Tridentiner Konzil
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, [Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt am Main]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Link http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/volltexte/2012/2000
Pages81-89
Cat. Berlin 1996 34 Fig. 68
AuthorRainald Grosshans, Henning Bock
EditorStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
TitleGemäldegalerie Berlin. Gesamtverzeichnis
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1996
Klein 1994 A 195 Tab. 1
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleLucas Cranach und seine Werkstatt. Holzarten und dendrochronologische Analyse
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages194-200
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 98 No. 141 Fig. 141
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Cat. Berlin 1975 A 119f. No. 601
EditorStaatliche Museen zu Berlin, Gemäldegalerie
TitleKatalog der ausgestellten Gemälde des 13. - 18. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1975
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1973 No. 20
AuthorWilhelm H. Köhler, Frank Steigerwald
TitleLucas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Druckgraphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1973
Exhib. Cat. Berlin, Essen 1957 67 No. 357
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin, Villa Hügel, Essen
TitleEuropäische Bildwerke von der Spätantike bis zum Rokoko. Aus den Beständen der Skulpturen-Abteilung der Ehem. Staatlichen Museen Berlin-Dahlem
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1957
Posse 1943 52 No. 10
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
IssueSecond edition
Year of Publication1943
Posse 1942 52 No. 10
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 23 040 Pl. 38
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 119
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Habich 1907 181ff.
AuthorGeorg Habich
TitleStudien zur deutschen Renaissancemedaille
JournalJahrbuch der Preußischen Kunstsammlungen
Issue28
Year of Publication1907
Cat. Berlin 1830 149 No. 85
AuthorGustav Friedrich Waagen
EditorKönigliches Museum, Berlin
TitleVerzeichniß der Gemälde-Sammlung des Königlichen Museums zu Berlin
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1830

Research History / Discussion

'The portrait is probably related in some manner to the takeover of the diocese in 1520, therefore and in accordance with stylistic features this painting is dated about 1520-22.

[Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Unsinn 2010]

'The identification of the sitter as Philipp Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Bishop of Freising and Naumburg is in addition confirmed by one of Hagenauers portrait medallions and wooden relief, which is dependent on the latter.'

[Habich 1907, 181ff.]

  • Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine, about 1520 - 1522

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • irr
  • detail
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis

Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: limewood

  • analysed by Peter Klein

01. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is not readily visible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2010Technical Examination

  • reverse

Support

- poplar or limewood

- trimmed on all four sides. Old rebate on the reverse

- a canvas underlayer is partially visible along the left edge of the panel

Reverse:

- black glaze

[Handwritten annotation in the documentation file]

  • written by Christine Unsinn

2000Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Micro-sampling / cross-sections
  • Instrumental material analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis
  • analysis

CDA ID/Inventory No: DE_smbGG_601

Object No: FR 141

Cross-section No.: EP 137

Brief description of paint: flesh paint, hands; possibly with dark brown fur application above

Sample location: lower edge at the right

Sample No.: 195

Methods: EDX

Observations:

3. a few transparent layers, new varnish

2. dark layer, very thin and only fragmentary

1. pink layer with white, vermillion, some red lead and some yellow pigment particles as well as a single brown glassy particle and a single colourless glassy one [EDX: Pb, Si, Ca, Al, (Fe) lead white, some iron oxide, possibly some red lake on an aluminous substrate, no lead tin yellow, no vermillion]

0. white layer, ground

Comments: a single pink layer of flesh paint containing lead white, iron oxide and red lake

[cda 2015]

  • analysed by Aviva Burnstock
  • analysed by Gunnar Heydenreich

09. 1982Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared photography
  • irr
  • photographed by Fotowerkstatt, Gemäldegalerie, Berlin

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_601/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Philipp of the Rhein, Count Palatine', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_smbGG_601/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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