Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony

Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony

Title

Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony

[Cat. Budapest 2003, 32]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[cda 2014]

Bust portrait of the elector wearing a fur-trimmed cloak and beret, facing right against a blue background.

Attribution
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Cat. Budapest 2003, 32]

Production date
1532

Production date

1532

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 20.6 x 14.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 20.6 x 14.5 cm

  • [cda 2014]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the left edge: serpent with elevated wings and dated '1532', in black paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the left edge: serpent with elevated wings and dated '1532', in black paint

Inscriptions and Labels
- top right: Printed paper: 'Friederich der Drit / Chur furst vnd Hertzog zu Sachssen.' Reverse: - printed shield on paper - in black paint: …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - top right: Printed paper:
  • 'Friederich der Drit / Chur
  • furst vnd Hertzog zu
  • Sachssen.'
  • [Görres, cda 2014]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse: - printed shield on paper
  • - in black paint: '020[?]' and 'x No II [?]'
Owner
Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Repository
Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
Location
Budapest
CDA ID
HU_SMB_1341
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_1341/

Provenance

  • 1894 acquired by the brothers Bourgeois, Cologne
    [Cat. Budapest 2003, 32]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1983, No. E 44/45
Kronach 1994, No. A9

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Florence 2017 76 under no. 7
Author / EditorFrancesca de Luca, Giovanni Maria Fara
Title I volti della Riforma. Lutero e Cranach nelle collezioni medicee [Uffizi, Florence]
Place of PublicationFlorence, Milan
Year of Publication2017
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016 100, 101
Author / EditorOlga Kotková
TitleCranach. Ze všech stran. From all sides.
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2016
Pages16-180
Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005 86 (English version 35) under no. 16
Author / EditorObrazárna Pražského hradu, Kaliopi Chamonikola
TitlePod znamením okrídleného hada. Lucas Cranach a ceské zeme. Under the winged Serpent. Lucas Cranach and the Czech Land
Place of PublicationPrague
Year of Publication2005
Cat. Budapest 2003 32
Author / EditorIldikó Ember, István Takács
TitleMuseum of Fine Arts Budapest. Old Masters' Gallery. Summary Catalogue, Vol. 3: German, Austrian, Bohemian and British Paintings
Volume3
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication2003
Bünsche 1998 A 61
Author / EditorBernd Bünsche
TitleDie Verwendung von Lochpausen bei der Anfertigung der Fürstenportraits durch Lucas Cranach den Älteren
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, ed., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages61-64
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 30-31, 354-356 A9
Author / EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Grimm 1994 30 Fig. A9
Author / EditorClaus Grimm
TitleLucas Cranach 1994
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds., Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Regensburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages18-43
Urbach 1991 78-79
Author / EditorSusanne Urbach
TitleResearch Report on Examinations of Underdrawings in Some Early Netherlandish and German Panels in the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts
Publicationin Hélène Verougstraete-Marcq, Roger van Schoute, eds., Le Dessin sous-jacent dans la peinture, Colloque VIII, 8-10 septembre 1989. Dessin sous-jacent et copies
Place of PublicationLouvain-la-Neuve
Year of Publication1991
Pages77-92
Cat. Weimar 1988 48
Author / EditorHelga Hoffmann
TitleKunstsammlungen zu Weimar: Die deutschen Gemälde des XVI. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1988
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983 333-335 No. E44/45
Author / EditorAltes Museum, Berlin
TitleKunst der Reformationzeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1983
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 1983 A 205
Author / EditorWerner Hofmann
TitleLuther und die Folgen für die Kunst, [Hamburg, Kunsthalle. 1983-1984]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1983
Garas 1968 274 No. 800
Author / EditorKlára Garas
TitleDas Schicksal der Sammlung des Erzherzogs Leopold Wilhelm
JournalJahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien
Place of PublicationMunich
Issue64 (1968)
Year of Publication1968
Cat. Budapest 1967 168
Author / EditorAndor Pigler
TitleKatalog der Galerie Alter Meister I-II
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1967
Fenyo 1954 52-53 Fig. 31
Author / EditorIvan Fenyo
TitleUn dessin, et quelques tableaux de Cranach au Musée des Beaux-Arts
JournalBulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts
Issue5 (1954)
Year of Publication1954
Pages44-53
Garas 1948 25
Author / EditorGaras
TitleTableaux provenant de la collection de l'archiduc Léopold-Guillaune au Muée des Beaux-Arts
JournalBulletin du Musée Hongrois des Beaux-Arts
Issue2 (1948)
Year of Publication1948
Pages22-26
Cat. Budapest 1909 B 498 No. 816
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleA Magyar Nemzeti Muzeum képtárának festményei és grafikai állaga
Volume1
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1909
Cat. Budapest 1897 494 No. 816
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleAz Országos Képtár mutárgyainak leíró lajstroma, Athenaeum
Place of PublicationBudapest
Year of Publication1897
Cat. Budapest 1870 129 No. V./156
Author / EditorAntal Ligeti
TitleA Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum képcsarnokának ismerteto lajstroma
Place of PublicationBuda
Year of Publication1870
Cat. Budapest 1868 5 No. 46
Author / EditorÁgoston Kubinyi, János Herz
TitleA Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum Képtárának lajstroma
Place of PublicationPest
Year of Publication1868
  • Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony, 1532

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • uv_light

Technical studies

06. 2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • UV-light photography
  • uv_light
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

06. 2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared Reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dark, dry drawing material, chalk

Type/Ductus:

- copied (traced)

- delicate, fine lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe some facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible; could be workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • reverse

Support

- beech wood panel, bevelled at the edges (2 mm thick)

Underdrawing

- there is no evidence to suggest the design was pounced

[Urbach 1991, 78-79]

Paint Layers and Gilding

- sequence of the paint application: first flesh paint, then the garments and finally the background, the transitional zone like the beard and the fur were applied last

[Herrschaft, cda 2014]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_1341/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/HU_SMB_1341/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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