St Jerome in the Wilderness

St Jerome in the Wilderness

Title

St Jerome in the Wilderness

[cda 2019]

Painting on softwood

Medium

Painting on softwood

[Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018, 250, no. 3]

The saint kneels bare-chested in the centre of the image with his head raised towards the crucifix held in his left hand. His right hand clasps the stone he used for self-chastisement. A lion – his attribute - lies in the foreground and looks out at the viewer. At the

The saint kneels bare-chested in the centre of the image with his head raised towards the crucifix held in his left hand. His right hand clasps the stone he used for self-chastisement. A lion – his attribute - lies in the foreground and looks out at the viewer. At the left edge of the picture there is a monastery, which was according to the legend founded by the saint.

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder or Workshop [Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018, 46, No. 3]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018, 46, No. 3]

Production dates
before 1512
about 1512 - 1520

Production dates

before 1512

[Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018, 46, No. 3]

about 1512 - 1520

[cda 2919]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 50 × 40 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 50 × 40 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018, 250, No. 3]

Signature / Dating
none
Owner
Private Collection
Repository
Private Collection
CDA ID
PRIVATE_NONE-P293
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P293/

Provenance

  • Georg Krakau collection, Berlin
  • 1918 the Krakau estate was auctioned by Rudolph Lepke, Berlin, lot 57
  • on the 31.10.1934 offered to the Galerie Heinmann by the Munich based art dealer Scheidwimmer
    [Hofbauer 2018, 31]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018 46, 250 003 Fig. p. 46
EditorTiroler Landesmuseen-Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, Dr. Wolfgang Meighörner
TitleCranach Natürlich. Hieronymus in der Wildnis
Place of PublicationInnsbruck
Year of Publication2018
Hofbauer 2018 31
AuthorMichael Hofbauer
TitleCranachs Hieronymus als paradigmatische Leitfigur in vielerlei Gestalt
PublicationIn: Cranach Natürlich. Hieronymus in der Wildnis [Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018]
Place of PublicationInnsbruck
Year of Publication2018
Pages29-36
Perena 2018 72, 76
AuthorHelena Perena
TitleVon der Einöde ins Paradies: Die Wüste als Wald bei Cranach
PublicationIn: Cranach Natürlich. Hieronymus in der Wildnis [Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018]
Place of PublicationInnsbruck
Year of Publication2018
Pages71-86
Thum 2018 7-8
AuthorAgnes Thum
TitleCranachs Hieronymusbilder und die Natur
Publicationin Wolfgang Meighörner, ed., Cranach Natürlich. Hieronymus in der Wildnis [Exhib. Cat. Innsbruck 2018]
Place of PublicationInnsbruck
Year of Publication2018
Pages7-20

Research History / Discussion

Numerous similarities can be observed between this painted, that has only recently reemerged and a print from 1509: points of contact can be identified in the head shown sunk into the neck, the düreresque emphasis of the thighs over which the elaborate folds of the drapery fall smooth and the landscape with bare trees. This begs the question of whether the painting was created at about the same time as the woodcut from 1509 or not.

[Thum 2018 A, 7]

  • St Jerome in the Wilderness, before 1512

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • irr
  • x_radiograph
  • uv_light

Technical studies

2017Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph

2016Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • UV-light photography
  • uv_light
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

2016Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid, black medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- thin to somewhat broader lines

- occasional hatching strokes

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines define the main contours and describe essential details and facial features; very occasional representation of volume with hatching strokes (neck, drapery and foot)

Deviations:

- only minor corrections were made to forms during the painting process; small changes (e. g. in the background)

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder or a member of his workshop?

Comments:

- probably after a pre-existing design; bears some similarities with the woodcut of the same subject from 1509

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2020]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'St Jerome in the Wilderness', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P293/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'St Jerome in the Wilderness', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P293/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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