Cranach - Altarpiece of the Virgin [left wing]: St Catherine
Altarpiece of the Virgin [left wing]: St Catherine
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
18.02.2019 - 12:01
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_MGB_A1723
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_MGB_A1723
FR (1978) No.FR047
Title:
Altarpiece of the Virgin [left wing]: St Catherine[cda 2017]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 1]
Dating:
about 1513 - 1514[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 1]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerMoravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
RepositoryMoravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno)
LocationBrno
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 123.5 x 43.3 cm (slightly trimmed along bottom edge) [cda 2014]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 1]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2014]
Description:
St Catharine is depicted gazing downwards and facing right in front of an expansive landscape. Her slim, delicate hands hold a sword as a symbol of her martyrdom. [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- Böhme Collection, Berlin
- 1911 donated by Prince Johann II. Lichtenstein to the Moravian Industrial Museum Brünn (Brno)
[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 1]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 47]
Exhibitions:
- Prague 2005, No. 1
- Brno 2009/2010, No. 17
- Düsseldorf 2017, No. 73
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017166No. 73
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201691, 92
Exhib. Cat. Brno 2009102-10517
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005393under No. 30
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200546, 47 (English version 22)1Pl. p. 47
Chamonikola 2005 B15 (English version 7)
Slavícek 1998245, 254
Friedländer, Rosenberg 197947
Cat. Prague 1962XVI
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193243
Glaser 1923225
Flechsig 1900 B1317
Flechsig 1900 A98-99
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - planks aligned vertically
    - dimensions almost original: barbe along the top, left and right edges, trimmed slightly along the bottom
    - thinned to 3 mm and reinforced to a thickness of 9 mm; cradled (3 cm thick)
    - knots in the wood
    [cda 2014]
      • Date: 01.06.2014
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Infrared Reflectography
      • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Moravská galerie v Brne (Moravian Gallery Brno) - Altarpiece of the Virgin [left wing]: St Catherine - Infrared Images
      • Underdrawing
      • DESCRIPTION

        Tools/Materials:
        - fluid, black medium and brush; the initial rough design may have been partially executed with chalk

        Type/Ductus:
        - freehand underdrawing
        - thin to broader lines; covered by painted black contours
        - occasional hatching-strokes

        Function:
        - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe facial features; hatching-strokes in the draperies serve the representation of volume

        Deviations:
        - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

        INTERPRETATION

        Attribution:
        - not possible

        [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
        • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
        • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2005
        • Condition prior to the restoration: old rough retouching interfering with the face of the saint are visible along vertical cracks [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, No. 1]
        • conservation treatment by: Pavel Klimes