Cranach - The Virgin and Child
The Virgin and Child
Master IW
Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
21.08.2019 - 13:30
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_NGP_DO4186
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_NGP_DO4186
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
The Virgin and Child[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14]
Attribution:
Master IW [cda 2014] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 138, No. 18]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14]
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Dating:
1525[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
RepositoryNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
LocationPrague
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 76.3 x 55.4 x 1.2 cm [cda 2014]
Support:
Painting on fir wood [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14] [Klein Report, 14.07.2003]
Signature / Date:
Date right on wall '1525' [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 40, No. 14]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Verso of the panel: - in red paint: 'Nro. 180' [Nostitz Inventory 1819] - on the frame: 'N.: 180' - on the side of the frame, paper label with printed inscription: 'ALOD' [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14]
Description:
The Madonna sits on a grassy bench (situated on the left from the viewer's side, while the low wall continues on the right); the view into the landscape is in part veiled by a red drapery. The Christ Child stands on a cushion and holds an apple in his right hand. The other apple is in the right hand of the Madonna, analogically presented as the second Eve. [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14]
Provenance:
- 1819 first recorded in the Nostitz Collection
- entered the collection of the National Gallery Prague in 1945 from the Nostitz Collection

[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 40, No. 14]
Exhibitions:
Prague 2016, No. 18
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201638, 132-135, 138, 139, 142, 145, 148, 15118Figs. pp. 38, 132, 133, 135
Cat. Prague 20074014
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200527
Chamonikola 2005 B27Fig. p. 27
Kotkova 2005 B43 (English version 19)
Cat. Prague 19051041
Frimmel 1892133
Würbs 1864413
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Master IW - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - The Virgin and Child - Reverse
  • Framing
  • Not original
  • Support
  • - original verso painted dark brown
    - verso exhibits broad bevelled edges
    • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 01.06.2014
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared Reflectography
    • Master IW - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - The Virgin and Child - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION
      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Master IW or workshop

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • Date: 14.07.2003
      • Scientific analysis
      • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
      • Support
      • Indentification of wood species: fir
        Dendrochronology has established 1515 as the earliest date for the felling of the tree. [...] This indicates that the painting's creation is plausible from 1517 onwards (Peter Klein, 14.07.2003).
        [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 14]
        • examined by: Peter Klein
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2012
        • Report in the conservation department archive of the National Gallery, Prague
        • conservation treatment by: Kristina Málková