Cranach - Frederick III. the Wise, the Elector of Saxony [recto]; Electoral coat-of-arms [verso]
Frederick III. the Wise, the Elector of Saxony [recto]; Electoral coat-of-arms [verso]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
24.04.2019 - 18:30
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_NGP_DO4573
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_NGP_DO4573
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Frederick III. the Wise, the Elector of Saxony [recto]; Electoral coat-of-arms [verso][Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 16] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
Dating:
1532[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
RepositoryNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
LocationPrague
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 20.5 x 14.1 cm [cda 2014]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15] [Klein Report, 26.06.1999]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia centre left: winged serpent with upright wings, facing right [cda 2014]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
Top right (a paper label on the panel), printed inscription: 'Friderich der Drit/Chur. Furst vnd herzog zu Sachssen.' Bottom (a paper label on the panel), printed inscription: 'Fridrich bin ich billich genand Schönen frid ich erhiel im land. Durch gros vernunfft geduld und glück Widder manchen erzbösen tück. Das land ich zieret mit gebew Und Stifft ein höhe Schul auffs new. Zu Wittenberg im Sachssen land Inn der welt die ward bekand Denn aus der selb kam Gottes wort Und thet gros ding an manchem ort. Das Bepstlich Reich stört es nidder Und bracht rechten glauben widder. Zum Keisar ward erkorn ich Des mein alter beschweret sich. Dafur ich Keisar Carl erwelt Von dem mich nicht wand gonst noch gelt.' [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Recto of the panel, bottom: 'RENOV: ET PRAESENTATUM. 1639' [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
Description:
Recto: Bust portrait showing Friedrich the Wise in three-quarter profile facing right against a light blue background. As is typical of these serial portraits he wears a black beret, as well as a fur trimmed mantle over a black robe and an embellished white shirt. His beard and hair are grey. Verso: the electors of Saxony's coat-of-arms printed on paper [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- acquired in 1945 from Heinrich Schicht, Ústí nad Labem

[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
Exhibitions:
- Prague 2005, No. 16
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Florence 201776under no. 7
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201629, 98-10111Figs. pp. 29, 98, 99, 100
Cat. Prague 20074115
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200586-87 (English version 35, 36)16Pl. p. 87
Chamonikola 2005 B26 (English version 11)
Kotkova 2005 B42, 44 (English version 19)
Kotalík 1988128283
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.06.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared Reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - Frederick III. the Wise, the Elector of Saxony [recto]; Electoral coat-of-arms [verso] - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - dry, drawing material, chalk or pounced?

    Type/Ductus:
    - copied lines; possibly freehand underdrawing in the headdress
    - thin lines

    Function:
    - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the facial features; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - not possible

    Comments:
    - after a pre-existing design

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • Date: 25.06.1999
    • Scientific analysis
    • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
    • Support
    • Identification of wood species: beech wood
      Dendrochronology has established 1524 as the earliest date for the felling of the tree. [...] This indicates that the painting's creation is plausible from 1525 onwards (Peter Klein, 25 June 1999).
      [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 15]
      • examined by: Peter Klein
      History of Restoration:
      • Date: 1639
      • According to inscription on recto of the panel: "RENOV: ET PRAESENTATUM. 1639"
      • conservation treatment by: Unknown