Cranach - Christ Child Blessing [recto]; The Man of Sorrows [verso]
Christ Child Blessing [recto]; The Man of Sorrows [verso]
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop
Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
18.02.2019 - 11:29
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberCZ_NGP_DO6574
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/CZ_NGP_DO6574
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Christ Child Blessing [recto]; The Man of Sorrows [verso][Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 76, No. 5]
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Charmonikola 2005, 27] [Cat. Prague 1962, XVII]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Prague 1988, No. 280]
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Dating:
about 1520[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12]
about 1520 - 1525[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 76, No. 5]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
RepositoryNárodní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague)
LocationPrague
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 53.1 x 30.3 cm [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Klein Report, 08.04.2013] [Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12]
Signature / Date:
None
Description:
Recto: the recto of the panel shows a full-length standing figure of the infant Christ against a black background on stony ground. The child wears a transparent shirt witha gold border. He supports a tau cross with his left hand. The base of the cross touches the ground and it is inscribed with the initials 'INRI' and decorated with a crown of thorns. The child's head is circumscribed by golden rays; his right hand is raised in an attitude of blessing. Verso: in contrast to the full-length figure on the recto the veso shows a close-up image of the Man of Sorrows. He holds rods and a whip in his crossed hands. His body is covered with blood and exhibits wounds on his hands and in his side. His head is crowned with thorns and he has a halo. [Görres, cda 2014]
Provenance:
- 1953 acquired from the State Heritage Administration

[Cat. Prague 2007, No. 12]
Exhibitions:
Prague 2016, No. 5
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201622, 23, 72-775Figs. pp. 22, 23, 72, 73, 74
Cat. Prague 200736-3712
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200527
Chamonikola 2005 B27Fig. p. 27
Cat. Prague 1988129280
Cat. Prague 1962XVII
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 2016
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Support
  • - the lime wood panel consists of 4-5 vertical planks and is 0.4 cm thick
  • Ground and Imprimatura
  • - a chalk/glue ground
    - thin oil-based isolating layer
    - reddish imprimatura containing lead white and some red lead applied over the underdrawing
  • Underdrawing
  • - freehand underdrawing with a brush and fluid black medium
    - less readily visible on the reverse
  • Paint Layers and Gilding
  • - the modelling of volume is exceptionally delicate; the shading of the flesh paint was carried out with the addition of black; the lighter areas are painted with thicker paint; in some areas the lighter paint was stippled (right shoulder of the Man of Sorrows); the paint application is thinner in the shadows; details were added after the paint had dried
    [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 76, No. 5]
    • examined by: Kristina Málková
    • Date: 01.06.2014
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - Christ Child Blessing [recto]; The Man of Sorrows [verso] - Infrared ImagesLucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop - Národní galerie v Praze (National Gallery in Prague) - Christ Child Blessing [recto]; The Man of Sorrows [verso] - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - freehand underdrawing (only occasionally visible)
      - thin to slightly broader lines

      Function:
      - roughly binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:

      - not possible

      The Man of Sorrows [Verso]

      DESCRIPTION:

      - an underdrawing is not readily visible (an underdrawing is indicated where the position of the index finger on the left hand was shifted slightly)

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2014]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 08.04.2013
      • Scientific analysis
      • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
      • Support
      • Identification of wood species: Lime wood
        [Klein Report, 08.04.2013]
        • examined by: Peter Klein
        History of Restoration:
        • Date: 2013
        • Report kept in the restoration deparrtment archive, National Gallery Prague
        • conservation treatment by: Kristina Málková