Cranach - Posthumous Portrait of  Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk
Posthumous Portrait of Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
20.01.2019 - 04:23
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_GNMN_Gm1570
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_GNMN_Gm1570
FR (1978) No.FR-none
Title:
Posthumous Portrait of Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Heydenreich, CDA 2010]
Lucas Cranach the Elder 'oder Werkstatt?' [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135-136]
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Dating:
after 1546[D. Hess, Nuremberg 2011]
about 1523 - 1524[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerPaul Wolfgang Merkelsche Familienstiftung
RepositoryGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
LocationNuremberg
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 43.6 x 29.8 cm [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Support:
Painting on parchment, on a plywood board made of beech wood [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
On the reverse of the panel and the frame there are remains of two red wax seals from the Merkelschen Familienstiftung [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Description:
A half-length portrait of Luther facing to the right against a green background. He has brown eyes and brown hair. His right hand is placed assuringly on his chest and his left hand rests on a leather bound book. He wears a monk's habit but does not have a tonsure. [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Provenance:
Loan from the Paul Wolfgang Merkelschen Familienstiftung

- since 1960 in the GNM

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
Exhibitions:
Schloss Cappenberg 1951, No. 359
Nuremberg 1959, No. 4
Nuremberg 1983, No.. 363 and Fig.
Hildesheim, Zürich, New York 2002, 160-161, Fig. 22
Nuremberg 2004, 46-47
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Schuchardt 2015 B35-3712
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 200446-47
Schuchardt 2004
Gülpen 2002160-161Fig. 22
Cat. Nuremberg 1997135-136
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983No. 363
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1959No. 4
Exhib. Cat. Cappenberg 1951No. 359
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.09.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Posthumous Portrait of  Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - dry medium (dark chalk) combined with fluid black medium (brush)

    Type/Ductus
    - delicate, fine, traced lines combined with thin black lines; reinforced freehand

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and generally describe the essential details of the face and hands; no representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

    INTERPRETATION

    Attribution:
    - not possible

    Comments:
    - probably transferred (traced ?) from a pre-existing design or sketch

    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
    • Date: 1997
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Stereomicroscopy
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg - Posthumous Portrait of  Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk - Detail Images
    • Support
    • - parchment
      - the edges are frayed
      - the original dimensions have been more or less retained
    • Ground and Imprimatura
    • - there is no ground
    • Underdrawing
    • - the contours and main lines within the forms are indicated
    • Paint Layers and Gilding
    • - the hairy side of the parchment was painted by mistake
      - the sitter's hair was painted over a background, which was not yet dry, suggesting that the painting was rapidly executed

      [Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
        Condition Reports:
        • Date: 1997
        • Support: - parchment glued to a plywood board (beech) Painted surface - numerous microscopic paint losses above the pores of the hair roots - the reddish-brown boarder was overpainted at a later stage - numerous retouches from different periods. The retouches in the flesh paint have become very light where there was a lot of white added [Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
          History of Restoration:
          • Date: 1959
          • as yet no information [Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]
            • Date: 1956
            • - parchment reglued to the plywood board - blisters in the paint layers were consolidated and losses were retouched [Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]