Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop
Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
17.06.2019 - 02:41
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_HABW_B96
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_HABW_B96
FR (1978) No.FR189C
Title:
Martin Luther[cda 2019]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop[Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
Dating:
1526[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerHerzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
RepositoryHerzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
LocationWolfenbüttel
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 22.3 x 16 cm Dimensions of painted surface: 18.8 x 12.7 cm [Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
Support:
Painting on wood (beech?) [Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia at the left edge above the sitter's shoulder: winged serpent and dated '1526'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
on the reverse: - adhesive label with stamp: 'Herzog August-Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel' - adhesive label with stamp: 'Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel' and inventory no. 'B96' [Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
Description:
The reformer is shown here as a half-length figure, facing right against a blue background. His black academic gown with its high collar starkly contrasts his face, which exhibits great detail in execution: he is unshaven with prominent wrinkles around the eyes, the bridge of the nose and the forehead. These signs of outer neglect correspond with his firmly closed mouth and a gaze directed to the right, beyond the viewer and can be interpreted as a sign of inner contemplation and resolve. [see: Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-64, No. 8]
Provenance:
- unknown
- probably transferred from the property of Duke Rudolph August of Braunschweig-Lüneburg 1702 to the university library, Helmstedt, after the dissolution of the university in 1812 it was transferred to Göttingen and returned after 1815 to Wolfenbüttel
- 1823 first recorded in the library, Wolfenbüttel
[Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
Exhibitions:
Madrid 2007/08, Cat.-No. 127f
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Wolfenbüttel 201263-69No. 8Figs. 8-8.2
Exhib. Cat. Madrid 2007/2008297, 314f.No. 127f
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979108No. 189C
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193260No. 160f
Material / Technique:
  • Date:
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - the panel consists of one plank, probably beech wood with a coating applied to the reverse
  • Framing
  • - glued to the panel; blackish brown battens with gilded moulding
    [Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]
      Condition Reports:
      • Date:
      • - craquelé with a pronounced vertical crack formation - losses and retouches particularly in the background - there is a backboard attached to the reverse of the panel, the wooden panel exhibits some damage, at the bottom edge and the side fibre remnants [Cat. Wolfenbüttel 2012, 63-69, No. 8]