Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
22.11.2018 - 12:00
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_KSW_G559
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_KSW_G559
FR (1978) No.FR312-313A
Title:
Martin Luther[CDA 2011]
Portrait of Martin Luther[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
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Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
Dating:
1528[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerKlassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
RepositoryKlassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
LocationWeimar
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 37.6 x 25.6 x 0.4-0.5 cm [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
Signature / Date:
Artist's insignia on the right next to the shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1528' [CDA 2010]
Description:
Half-length portrait of the Reformer in three-quarter profile facing right and wearing a black cloak and a black beret. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- 1908 acquired by the art dealer Franz Hancke, Breslau, allegedly from the family Arnemann, Hamburg
[Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899, No. 41][1]
[Flechsig 1900 A, 260][1]


[1][Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
Exhibitions:
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 34
Weimar 1972, Nos. 34, 35, Figs. p. 59
Berlin 1983, No. E 34.1 and 34.2 with Figs.
Schweinfurt 1985, 74 ff., under Nos. 11, 12 with Figs.
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Cat. Weimar 199242-44No. 13aFigs.
Exhib. Cat. Schweinfurt 198574 ff.under Nos. 11, 12
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983Nos. E 34.1, 34.2Figs.
Ullmann 198249 f.Fig. 14
Riemann 1980115 ff.Figs. 7, 8
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979131No. 312A
Exhib. Cat. Wittenberg 1972Nos. 34, 35Fig. p. 59
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932251c
Cat. Weimar 1913Nos. 145, 146
Gabelentz-Linsingen 191032, 88, Fn. 8Plate 5
Cat. Weimar 1910Nos. 137, 138
Flechsig 1900 A260 ff.
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 06.10.2014
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • X-radiography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums - Martin Luther - X-RadiographsWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums - Martin Luther - X-Radiographs
  • Equipmet: ERESCO 42 MF 4 from the company GE.
    Scanner: CRxFlex.
    Parameters: 60 KV, 6mA, 20 seconds
    Distance from object: 3m
    [HfBK Dresden, Prof. I. Mohrmann, K. Risse, 06.10.2014]
    • created by: I. Mohrmann
    • created by: HfBK Dresden
    • created by: K. Risse
    • Date: 01.04.2010
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums - Martin Luther - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - dry medium, dark chalk

      Type/Ductus:
      - traced delicate, fine lines

      Function:
      - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      -not possible

      Comments:
      - transferred (traced) from a pre-existing design

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner
      • Date: 1988
      • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
      • Underdrawing
      • - the underdrawing in the face is clearly visible (Infrared photograph: IfD Berlin, J. Fritz 1972)
      • Support
      • - a single plank
      • Paint Layers and Gilding
      • - the original edges of the painted surface have been preserved on the left, the top and the right
        [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]
          • Date: 1972
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Infrared photography
          • Underdrawing
            • photographed by: Institut für Denkmalpflege, Berlin
            • photographed by: J. Fritz
            Condition Reports:
            • Date: 1990
            • - the panel exhibits a slight convex warp - the panel has been trimmed slightly - there is a large retouching on the right (?) cheek, numerous small retouchings on the forehead and in the background [Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 42]