Cranach - Altarpiece of the Virgin [inner movable wing, right]: St Alexander [recto]; St Augustine [verso]
Altarpiece of the Virgin [inner movable wing, right]: St Alexander [recto]; St Augustine [verso]
Master of the Mass of St Gregory
Evangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
22.09.2019 - 03:48
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_MKH_NONE-MKH001c
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_MKH_NONE-MKH001c
FR (1978) No.FRSup006A
Title:
Altarpiece of the Virgin [inner movable wing, right]: St Alexander [recto]; St Augustine [verso][cda 2015]
Attribution:
Master of the Mass of St Gregory [Emmendörffer 1998, 218][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. Sup6A]
Simon Franck [Tacke 1992, 47-56]
Hans Cranach [Flechsig 1900 A, 281]
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Dating:
1529[dated on second movable wing on the left]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEvangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
RepositoryEvangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
LocationHalle
Dimensions:
Dimensions of painted surface: 264 (approx.) x 100.8 cm Dimensions including frame: 285 x 114 cm [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
Support:
Painting on wood [cda 2015]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
In the halos: - Recto: 'SANCTVS ALEXANDER' - Verso: 'SANCTVS AVGVSTINVS' [cda 2015]
Description:
Recto: The inner side of the panel depicts St Alexander standing in a landscape. He is a follower of St Maurice from the Thebian Legion. An overthrown leader lying at his feet represents his victory over paganism. The saint is turned to the central panel and holds a banner with a red cross on a white background in his hand. His left hand rests on the hilt of his sword. Verso: The saint is shown as a full-length figure positioned under an arch with renaissance ornamentation. This architectural element is repeated on all the panels open at this stage. St Augustine is wearing splendid bishop's vestments and in his hands he holds a crozier and a book with a pierced heart resting on it. This attribute refers to a passage in the 'Confessions' of Augustine where it is reported that his heart was pierced by love. His head is framed by a circular, transparent halo. [Görres, cda 2015]
Exhibitions:
- Dresden 1899, No. 102
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Tacke 201586
Kramer 2012
Heydenreich 2007 B39-40
Tacke 2007 C81, 82, 84
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006307
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200566, 116 (English version 29, 44, 45)under nos. 8, 30
Emmendörffer 1998218
Tacke 199247-5619-23
Flechsig 1900 A131
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 1994
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - the support consists of deciduous wood and is about 1.2 cm thick
  • Framing
  • - the frame with an inserted gilded profile is not original, but possibly from the 19th century
  • Paint Layers and Gilding
  • - the green garment was initially painted black the folds were then added in green paint
    - the contours were incised in the ground layer
    • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich