Cranach - Altarpiece of the Virgin [predella]: The Virgin and Child with the Fourteen Helpers in Need
Altarpiece of the Virgin [predella]: The Virgin and Child with the Fourteen Helpers in Need
Master of the Mass of St Gregory
Evangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
22.09.2019 - 04:22
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_MKH_NONE-MKH001h
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_MKH_NONE-MKH001h
FR (1978) No.FRSup006A
Title:
Altarpiece of the Virgin [predella]: The Virgin and Child with the Fourteen Helpers in Need[cda 2015]
Attribution:
Master of the Mass of St Gregory [Emmendörffer 1998, 218][Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. Sup6A]
Simon Franck [Tacke 1992, 47-56]
Hans Cranach [Flechsig 1900 A, 281]
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Dating:
1529[dated on second movable wing on the left]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerEvangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
RepositoryEvangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle
LocationHalle
Dimensions:
Dimensions of painted surface: 92.7 x 224.7 x 6 cm [Heydenreich, cda 2015]
Support:
Painting transferred to a hardwood panel [cda 2015]
Signature / Date:
None [cda 2015]
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
In the Virgin's halo: 'SANCTA MARIA' [cda 2015]
Description:
The predella depicts the Virgin in a central position holding the infant Christ and a sceptre. The fourteen Holy Helpers are positioned in an isocephalic arrangement to the left and right behind her. The virgin wears the same robe as on the central panel and the second moveable wing panel on the left. Her halo consists of two circular rings. Each of the saints is depicted with an attribute and wearing a single ringed halo. The fourteen Holy Helpers are from left to right: Cyriacus, Blaise, Hubertus (Eustace), Pantaleon, Catherine, Aegidius, Dorothea, Barbara, Dionysius, Margaret, Acacius, Vitus, Christophor and Erasmus. Only St Catherine engages with the infant Christ and accepts grapes from him. The group is shown against a brown unstructured background. [Görres, cda 2015]
Exhibitions:
- Dresden 1899, No. 102
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Tacke 201586
Kramer 2012
Heydenreich 2007 B39-40
Tacke 2007 C81, 82, 84
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006307
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200566, 116 (English version 29, 44, 45)under nos. 8, 30
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998232-233No. 23.4Figs. 23.4, 23.4a
Emmendörffer 1998218
Tacke 199247-5619-23
Flechsig 1900 A131
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 1994
  • Technical Examination
  • Support
  • - transferred to a new panel
  • Framing
  • - the frame with an inserted gilded profile is not original, but probably 19th century
    - width of the frame, left and right 9.3 cm, top and bottom: 10 cm
    - the frame is 2.5 cm thick, 1.4 cm at the outer edge
    - the fluting on the frame is 2.2 cm thick
    • examined by: Gunnar Heydenreich