Cranach - Martin Luther
Martin Luther
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
31.05.2020 - 12:08
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKD_GG1918
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKD_GG1918
FR (1978) No.FR314-315
Title:
Martin Luther[Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011]
Attribution:
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder [Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2011] [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474] 'Werkstatt' [Woermann, Cat. Dresden 1896, 627][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 478]
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Cat. Dresden 1843, Nos. 503, 504][1] [Matthäi, Cat. Dresden 1835, Bd. 1, No. 125][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 478]
Hans Cranach [Schäfer, Cat. Dresden 1860, 988, 989][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 478]
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Dating:
1532[dated]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
RepositoryStaatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
LocationDresden
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 18.6 x 15 x 0.35 cm [Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on beech wood [Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
Signature / Date:
Dated on the right: '1532'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Original Inscriptions:
'Obdormivit in ano 1546: 18 Feb. Aetatis sue 63' beneath the date: 'etatis sue 45'
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
Reverse of the panel: [Gal.-Nr. repeatedly]; in pencil: '/' [Schlegel 2003, 69][1] [1][Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
Description:
A portrait of Luther as a half-length figure in three-quarter profile facing right against a green background. He wears a black cloak and a beret of the same colour. Brown curls emerge from beneath this. The Reformer is shown with a five o'clock shadow, and in his hands he hold a closed book. [Görres, cda 2015]
Provenance:
- [Mattäi, Cat. Dresden 1826, No. 558, 559][1]
[1][Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 476]
Exhibitions:
Dresden 1899, No. 121 A, 121 B (later addition)
Dresden 1937, 15
Berlin 1983, No. E 37.1, 37.2
Dresden 1998, 150
Torgau 2004, Bd. I, No. 205, 206
Chemnitz 2005, No. 42.1
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Heydenreich 2015122Fig. 5b
Maaz 201054, 55
Kolb 2005 C537, 541-548, 550-552, 553, 555, 557-560, 57242.1
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005474, 476-479, 48242.1Pl. p. 474
Kolb 2005 A149, 16342.1
Schölzel 200519342.1
Schuchardt 2004
Exhib. Cat. Torgau 2004Nos. 205, 206 (Bd. 1)
Schlegel 200369, 70
Kolb 2003 A73, 74
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1998150
Löcher 1995 B371
Schade, Schuttwolf 199426
Cat. Dresden 1992160, 161
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983Nos. E 37.1, 37.2
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979131No. 314Fig. 314
Ebert 1963/196428
Rudloff-Hille 1953 B29
Posse 1943Nos. 105, 106
Posse 1942Nos. 105, 106
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 193715
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932252
Glaser 1923229
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899Nos. 121 A, 121 B (Nachtrag)
Cat. Dresden 1896No. 627
Lindau 1883264, 265
Schäfer 1860988-990
Heller 185461
Schuchardt 1851 C45236
Cat. Dresden 1843Nos. 503, 504
Cat. Dresden 1835No. 125 (Bd. 1)
Cat. Dresden 1826Nos. 558, 559
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 28.09.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Martin Luther - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • Results

    Drawing material:
    - dry?

    Technique:
    - In general the lines of the underdrawing are superimposed by the contours of the painted version, a small deviation on the left thumbnail shows that the underdrawing was executed with a dry material, the lines on the right thumb are not related to the final painted version. [1]
    - Alterations: hat in the area of the right ear was originally narrower, the tapered point next to the left side of the face was also originally narrower
    [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
    [Böhme, Schölzel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, 2012]
    • photographed by: Alexandra Böhme
    • photographed by: Christoph Schölzel
    • Date: 2005
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Underdrawing
    • In general the lines of the underdrawing are superimposed by the contours of the painted version, a small deviation on the left thumbnail shows that the underdrawing was executed with a dry material, the lines on the right thumb are not related to the final painted version.
    • Framing
    • - new frame: simple brass frame, 20th century
      [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
        • Date: 31.10.2003
        • Scientific analysis
        • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
        • Support
        • Identification of wood species: beech wood
          Dating at the time of analysis not possible
          [Klein Report, 31.10.2003]
          • examined by: Peter Klein
          • Date: 2003
          • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
          • Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Martin Luther - ReverseWorkshop Lucas Cranach the Elder - Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden - Martin Luther - Other
          • Support
          • - beech wood
            - 0.35 cm thick (right side thinner: 0.29 cm)
            - original surface on the reverse
            - one vertical plank
            - prominent annual rings
            - plane marks
            - black ground (?)
            - green marbling with a brown edge (incised lines)

            [Schlegel 2003, 69-70][1]
            [1][Schlegel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
              Condition Reports:
              • Date: 2005
              • - the recto of the panel exhibits a convex warp - small, isolated retouches - losses along the edge of the panel - glossy, old varnish [Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]
                History of Restoration:
                • Date: 1876
                • [Sächs, HStADD, 13458 SKD, GG Nr. 8, Bd. 4, Bl. 54][1] [1][Schölzel, Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005, 474]