Cranach - Prague Altarpiece [left wing, fragement]: Female saint (Agnes?) with a page
Prague Altarpiece [left wing, fragement]: Female saint (Agnes?) with a page
Lucas Cranach the Elder (Workshop)
Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
27.05.2019 - 09:57
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SKK_0118
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SKK_0118
FR (1978) No.FR137
Title:
Prague Altarpiece [left wing, fragement]: Female saint (Agnes?) with a page[cda 2014]
Glorification of the Virgin, fragments of an altarpiece[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 135-138]
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Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder (Workshop)[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, No. 137] [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 89]
Albrecht Dürer Schloss Rastatt (Inventory from 1772, fol. 200: '1 Gemähld auf Holz mit goldnem grund, worauf ein Weibs-Persohn mit einer Schrift in der Hand, Nr. 11 von Albrecht Dürer.' (1 painting on wood and gilded depicting a female with a manuscript in her hand, No. 11 by Albrecht Dürer) [Kircher 1955, 222][1] [1][Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90]
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and Workshop)[Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 182, No. 87] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 55, 57] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 7d]
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Dating:
about 1520 - 1522[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, No. 137] [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90] [Exhib. Cat. Prague 2016, 55, 57]
after 1515[Chamonikola, Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, 10]
about 1520[Exhib. Cat. Prague 2005, no. 7d] [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017, 182, No. 87]
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Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
RepositoryStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
LocationKarlsruhe
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 55.5 x 43 cm (fragment) [Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, No. 137] [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90]
Support:
Painting on lime wood [Peter Klein, report 2008]
Signature / Date:
None
Inscriptions, Marks, Labels, Seals:
'Agni sponsa . virginu (m) corona . ab astu demonis. calore que noxio . castas sp (= semper) tuere mentis .' [Görres, CDA 2012]
Description:
'Fragment of a former altarpiece from the St Vitus Cathedral in Prague created about 1520-1522 with workshop assistance. [...] According to Pesina the altarpiece was originally a triptych; with an 'Assumption of the Virgin crowned by Two Angels' on the central panel (the large fragment preserved in Prague is the lower part of this image), and the wing panels each depicted a pair of female saints (the fragment in Karlsruhe on the left, and the one in Aschaffenburg and the smaller fragment in Prague on the right). The exterior of the wing panels depicted the 'Annunciation of the Virgin'. According to Altgraf Salm and G. Goldberg (Cat. Aschaffenburg 1964) the subject of the altarpiece is more likely to be the Glorification of the Virgin and the intercession of the saints; evidently the invocations on the tablets each begin with a word, which evokes the depicted saint's name. [...] Top right: part of a cloud formation with cherubs' heads. [...] Reverse: fragment of an annunciation scene with the Virgin facing right' [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90]
Provenance:
- fragment of an altarpiece from the St Vitus Cathedral in Prague, probably in the Lady Chapel
[Sronek, Hornickova 2010]
- 1619/20 the altarpiece was destroyed by calvinists under the leadership of Elctor Friedrich V. of the Pfalz
[Pesina 1962, under No. 54][1]
- Prague, Picture Gallery in the castle of Prague, the so-called Dudik-Inventory A from 1648 records seven fragments, which belonged to the Prague Altarpiece [Sronek, Hornickova 2010, 13]
- presumably in the collection of the Margravine Sibylla Augusta of Baden-Baden (Inventory 1691) inherited from the Dukes of Saxony-Lauenburg
[Renner 1941, 77, 214, pl. 2][1]
- in the 18th century in the castle of Rastatt (Inventory of 1772, fol. 200: '1 Gemähld auf Holz mit goldnem grund, worauf ein Weibs-Persohn mit einer Schrift in der Hand, Nr. 11 von Albrecht Dürer.' (1 painting on wood with a golden background, showing a female figure and a text by the same hand as No. 11 by Albrecht Dürer.' )
[Kircher 1955, 222][1]

[1][Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90]
Exhibitions:
- Karlsruhe 1955, No. 297
- Maastricht 2001
- Prague 2005, No. 7d
- Kuttnahora/Kuttenberg 2012
- Düsseldorf 2017, No. 87
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017182No. 87
Exhib. Cat. Prague 201655, 57
Tacke 201583
Sronek, Hornickova 2010
Moraht-Fromm 201031-3210
Exhib. Cat. Prague 200558-60, 64 (English version 26-28)7dPl. p. 64
Chamonikola 2005 A7 (English version 3)
Exhib. Cat. Maastricht 2001
Wittmann 1998171
Thümmel 1994166, 168, 169Fig. A110
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978137
Cat. Karlsruhe 196689, 90
Cat. Aschaffenburg 196436under no. 1428
Cat. Karlsruhe 196439
Cat. Prague 1962
Cat. Karlsruhe 195840
Kircher 1955222
Kircher 1949222
Renner 1941
Friedländer, Rosenberg 193252116
Michaelson 190284
Parthey 1863-1864691221
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
The mariological scene on the reverse of the panel can be dated to about 1600 according to the results of a technical examination of the painting. Remains of organic ornamentation and marbling were found beneath this paint layer (see: Sronek, Hornickova 2010, 3).
[Görres, cda 2012]
'Fragment of a former altarpiece from the St Vitus Cathedral in Prague created about 1520-1522 with workshop assistance. [...] According to Pesina the altarpiece was originally a triptych; with an 'Assumption of the Virgin crowned by Two Angels' on the central panel (the large fragment preserved in Prague is the lower part of this image), and the wing panels each depicted a pair of female saints [the fragment in Karlsruhe on the left, and the one in Aschaffenburg and the smaller fragment in Prague on the right). The exterior of the wing panels depicted the 'Annunciation of the Virgin'. According to Altgraf Salm and G. Goldberg (Cat. Aschaffenburg 1964) the subject of the altarpiece is more likely to be the Glorification of the Virgin and the intercession of the saints; evidently the invocations on the tablets each begin with a word, which evokes the depicted saint's name. [...]
Top right: part of a cloud formation with cherubs' heads. [...]
Reverse: fragment of an annunciation scene with the Virgin facing right'
[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 90]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 06.08.2012
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder (Workshop) - Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe - Prague Altarpiece [left wing, fragement]: Female saint (Agnes?) with a page - Reverse
  • Paint Layers and Gilding
  • According to the results of a technical examination of the painting the mariological scene on the reverse of the panel can be dated to about 1600. Remains of organic ornamentation and marbling were found beneath this paint layer (see: Sronek, Hornickova 2010, 3).
    [Görres, cda 2012]
    • written by: Daniel Görres
    • Date: 01.07.2011
    • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
    • Infrared reflectography
    • Lucas Cranach the Elder (Workshop) - Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe - Prague Altarpiece [left wing, fragement]: Female saint (Agnes?) with a page - Infrared Images
    • Underdrawing
    • DESCRIPTION

      Tools/Materials:
      - fluid, black medium and brush

      Type/Ductus:
      - detailed and freehand underdrawing
      - thin lines

      Function:
      - relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; no representation of volume

      Deviations:
      - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

      INTERPRETATION

      Attribution:
      - Lucas Cranach the Elder

      [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
      • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
      • photographed by: Ingo Sandner