Cranach - Christ carrying the Cross
Christ carrying the Cross
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
12.12.2018 - 02:30
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Painting:
CDA ID / Inventory NumberDE_SPSG_GKI1190
Persistent Linkhttp://lucascranach.org/DE_SPSG_GKI1190
FR (1978) No.FR373
Title:
Christ carrying the Cross[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 373]
Attribution:
Lucas Cranach the Elder [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Dating:
about 1537 - 1538[Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Owner / Repository / Location:
OwnerStiftung Preussische Schlösser und Gärten Berlin-Brandenburg
RepositoryJagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge)
LocationGrunewald
Dimensions:
Dimensions of support: 149.3 x 113.3 cm [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Support:
Painting on Lime wood (Tilia sp.) [Stiftung Preußische Schlösser und Gärten, Berlin - Brandenburg, revised 2011]
Signature / Date:
none
Description:
After Christ was condemned by Pilate and handed over to the public to be crucified, he carried his cross to Golgatha, where he was helped by Simon of Cyrene under the orders of a soldier (Luke 23, 26-32). The painting depicts Christ falling under the weight of the cross. A group of soldiers gather around him and torment him with blows, kicks and offensive gestures. The procession moves from right to left out of the city gate. The thieves are among this group, and face each other. [see Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 216-217, No. IV.19]
Provenance:
- from the old Domkirche (Cathedral), Berlin
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 145, No. 373]

- probably taken from the Domkirche (Cathedral) in the 17th century and placed in the Erasmuskapelle (Erasmus Chapel) of the Berliner Schloss (Berlin Palace); eight Passion paintings are listed in the Berliner Schloss inventory from 1700
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 213, Nos. IV.14-22]
Exhibitions:
Berlin 2009/10, No. IV.19
Sources / Publications:
Reference on PageCatalogue NumberFigure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009 A216-217No. IV.19Fig. IV.19
Most, Wolf et al. 200993, 95Figs. 8, 10
Tacke 2007 C81, 82, 84
Erichsen 1994 A157, 158
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979145No. 373Fig. 373
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932298
Schuchardt 1851 C15-1613
Interpretation / History / Discussion:
‚The painting is one of nine Passion panels, that were originally parts of an unknown number of winged altarpieces. Commissioned by Joachim II Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop created them for the collegial church in Berlin (Berliner Stiftskirche) between 1537 and 1538. This is one of the central panels, which was probably flanked by full-length depictions of saints on the wings and complemented by scenes from the old testament on the predella. […] The Berlin Passion cycle was based on the 16 Passion altarpieces, which were commissioned by Cardinal Albrecht from Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop for the collegial church in Halle (Hallenser Stiftskirche) (about 1520-1525) and it was the second large painted Passion series created in the Cranach workshop. Not only are numerous central panels now missing from the Berlin Passion altarpieces, like for example ‚The Arrest of Christ‘ or ‚The Crucifixion‘, but in addition the whereabouts of all the wing panels and a large number of the predella panels is unknown. They were probably lost in 1613 when Elector Johann Sigismund converted to Calvinism. […]‘
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 213, No. IV.14-22]
‚In contrast to traditional representation the direction of the movement is from right to left. This fact was probably influenced by the original presentation of the panel in a church space and the need to take the viewer into consideration.‘
[Elke A. Werner, Exhib. Cat. Berlin 2009, 216-217, No. IV.19]
Material / Technique:
  • Date: 01.01.2010
  • Technical examination / Scientific analysis
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Lucas Cranach the Elder - Jagdschloss Grunewald (Grunewald hunting lodge) - Christ carrying the Cross - Infrared Images
  • Underdrawing
  • DESCRIPTION

    Tools/Materials:
    - fluid, black medium and brush

    Type/Ductus:
    - detailed and freehand underdrawing
    - short thin lines (predominantly in the faces and hands) in combination with longer, slightly broader lines

    Function:
    - binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; scant representation of volume

    Deviations:
    - minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form


    [Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]
    • photographed by: Gunnar Heydenreich
    • photographed by: Ingo Sandner