Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

Title

Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.)

Medium

Painting on lime wood (Tilia sp.)

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Half-length portrait facing to the right against a dark background. The sitter has blue eyes, a reddish brown beard and hair, and his hands are clasped. He wears an overcoat with a fur collar, a buttoned doublet and a hair bonnet, all black. Around his neck he wears a chain

Half-length portrait facing to the right against a dark background. The sitter has blue eyes, a reddish brown beard and hair, and his hands are clasped. He wears an overcoat with a fur collar, a buttoned doublet and a hair bonnet, all black. Around his neck he wears a chain with the emblem of the Order of the Swan Knights.

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg, 1932, under No. 129]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Lutze, Wiegand, Cat. Nuremberg 1936/1937, 39, Fig. 373][1]
[Braune, Cat. Nuremberg 1909][1]
[Reber, Bayersdorfer, Cat. Nuremberg 1882, No. 224][1]

[1][Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 133]

Production dates
1522 or later
1522

Production dates

1522 or later

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

1522

[Grimm 1998, 80][Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994, 338]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 62 x 39.7 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 62 x 39.7 cm

  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
- along the top edge in roman capitals (renewed): 'CASIMIRVS MARCHRONES BRANDENBURG (ENSIS)' Reverse of the panel on …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - along the top edge in roman capitals (renewed):
  • 'CASIMIRVS MARCHRONES BRANDENBURG (ENSIS)'
  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel on the cradle: paper label: in pencil 'BStGS Inv. 1855', 'Nr. 3210'; 1905, 'Nr. 1162'; 'Nr. 278'
  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]
Owner
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
Location
Nuremberg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm215
FR (1978) Nr.
FR152A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm215/

Provenance

Loan from the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Inv. No. 3210

  • Munich, ducal gallery
  • Schleissheim Palace, Picture Gallery, BStGS Inv. 1822, No. 6287; 1905, No. 1162
  • 1877 displayed in the GNM

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Exhibitions

Nuremberg 1959, No. 57, Fig. 2

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat.Hess, Hirschfelder, Bär 2010 106, 427-428 Fig. 475
AuthorFrank Bär
EditorDaniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleRenaissance. Barock. Aufklärung. Kunst und Kultur vom 16. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert
SeriesDie Schausammlungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums
Volume3
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication2010
Diemer et al. 2008 818-819 No. 2774
AuthorDorothea Diemer, Peter Diemer, Lorenz Seelig, Brigitte Vork-Knüttel, Peter Volk, Willibald Sauerländer
TitleDie Münchner Kunstkammer
Publicationin Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 129
Volume2
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2008
Grimm 1998 80
AuthorClaus Grimm
TitleDie Anteile von Meister und Werkstatt. Zum Fall Lucas Cranach d.Ä.
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages67-82
Cat. Nuremberg 1997 132-133
AuthorKurt Löcher
TitleDie Gemälde des 16. Jahrhunderts. Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication1997
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994 338
EditorClaus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff
TitleLucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken [Festung Rosenberg, Kronach 17.05 - 21.08.1994; Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig 07.09 - 06.11.1994]
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Klein 1994 A 195 Tab. 1
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleLucas Cranach und seine Werkstatt. Holzarten und dendrochronologische Analyse
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhoff, eds.,Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmer aus Franken, Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Coburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages194-200
Strieder 1994 A No. 257
AuthorPeter Strieder
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleFührer durch die Sammlungen, Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1994
Bott 1985 No. 257
AuthorGerhard Bott
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleFührer durch die Sammlungen, Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1985
Strieder 1980 No. 262
AuthorPeter Strieder, Leonie von Wilckens
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleGermanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg. Führer durch die Sammlungen
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1980
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 101 No. 152A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Strieder 1977 No. 262
AuthorPeter Strieder, Leonie von Wilckens
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleGermanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg. Führer durch die Sammlungen
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1977
Exhib. Cat. Vienna 1972 under No. 7
AuthorKarl Schütz
EditorKunsthistorisches Museum, Wien
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere und seine Werkstatt. Jubiläumsausstellung museumseigener Werke 1472-1972
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1972
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1959 No. 57 Fig. 2
AuthorHerwarth Röttgen
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleAus der Frühzeit der evangelischen Kirche
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1959
Cat. Nuremberg 1936/1937 39 Fig. 373
AuthorEberhard Lutze, Eberhard Wiegand
TitleKataloge des Germanischen Nationalmuseums zu Nürnberg. Die Gemälde des 13.-16. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 No. 129 (mentioned)
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Reber 1893 21
AuthorFranz von Reber
TitleDie Gemälde der herzoglich bayerischen Kunstkammer nach dem Fickler'schen Inventar von 1598 (Vortrag vom 5. März 1892)
Publicationin Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-philologischen und der historischen Classe der k. b. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1893
Pages2-56
Cat. Schleissheim 1885 No. 229
AuthorAdolf Bayersdorfer
TitleVerzeichnis der in Königlichen Galerie zu Schleißheim ausgestellten Gemälde
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1885
  • Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, 1522 or later

Images

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Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: lime wood (Tilia sp.)

  • analysed by Peter Klein

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is not readily visible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

1997Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Infrared reflectography
  • Stereomicroscopy
  • overall

Support

- lime wood (Tilia sp.)

- 3 planks, widths from the left: top: 14.0, 18.5, 6.9 cm, bottom: 11.4, 19.3, 8.3 cm

- the panel was reduced to a thickness of 0.4 cm

- tow was applied to the painted side of the panel in the area of the head and the hands

- the panel has been cropped along the right edge and along the bottom

Ground and Imprimatura

- the ground application and paint were applied after the panel was framed

- the burr along the edge of the ground and the painted surface has been retained on the left side and at the bottom of the panel

Underdrawing

- none visible

Paint Layers and Gilding

- the background was originally one reddish black layer

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Condition Reports

Date1997

Support:

  • extensive old wood worm damage

  • the joins have been reglued

  • the panel has been trimmed along the right side and the bottom edge

Reverse:

  • cradled

  • both the cradle and the reverse have been stained a golden brown

Painted surface:

  • the burr at the edge of the ground and the painted surface has been overpainted along the top

  • both the joins have been filled and extensively overworked at an early stage

  • the chain was probably inserted at this time

  • the letters 'A' in CASIMIRUS and 'M' at the beginning of MARCHRONES have been retouched

  • the hair of the beard and the head on the right side of the face is abraded and partially reconstructed

  • retouching in the face

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Conservation History

Date1959

as yet no information

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 132]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm215/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Portrait of Margrave Kasimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS-GNMN_Gm215/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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