Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ

Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ

Title

Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

Painting on lime wood

Medium

Painting on lime wood

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]
[Klein, Report 2006]

'The figures of St John, the Virgin, the other women, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathia stand or kneel closely packed around the body of Christ. On the left there is a view into an expansive landscape; above the scene the heavens are dark at the moment of Christ's death and

'The figures of St John, the Virgin, the other women, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathia stand or kneel closely packed around the body of Christ. On the left there is a view into an expansive landscape; above the scene the heavens are dark at the moment of Christ's death and beneath clouds catch the glowing light of the evening sun - a reference to the evening vespers- [...]. The dead Christ's fixing gaze emphasizes the subject's function to address the viewer directly. This pictorial type depicting Christ with an upright torso harks back to an early netherlandish invention, which found wide distribution through, among others, the woodcuts of Dürer's Passion Cycle (about 1498/99).'

[Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007, 256]

Attributions
Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop
Simon Franck

Attributions

Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]
[Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006, 162-164]

Simon Franck

[Tacke 1992, 33, 41-169]

Production date
about 1520 - 1525

Production date

about 1520 - 1525

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 148.4 x 108.4 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 148.4 x 108.4 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

Owner
Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
Repository
Staatsgalerie im Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg
Location
Aschaffenburg
CDA ID
DE_BStGS_5362
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_5362/

Provenance

  • until 1541 in the Collegial Church, Halle
  • 1829 purchased from the Collegial Church, Aschaffenburg
  • before 1856 in a branch of the gallery in Augsburg, where it remained until 1939
  • until 1945 in safeguard during the war
  • subsequently in the depot of the Alte Pinakothek [Munich] until restoration in 2007
    [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

Exhibitions

Halle 2006, no. 75

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Wolf 2015 174
AuthorAnja Wolf
TitleDie 'Taufe Christi' von 1556. Einblicke in die Arbeitsweise Lucas Cranachs des Jüngeren
Publicationin Elke E. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Pages168-179
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011 140
AuthorMartin Schawe
EditorBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
TitleCranach in Bayern
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg 2007 256 No. 8 Fig. p. 257
EditorGerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke
TitleCranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht - Schatzkammer - Residenz. Ausstellungskatalog Schloss Johannisburg und Kunsthalle Jesuitenkirche
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Frankhäuser 2007 204
AuthorGernot Frankhäuser
TitleWie Dalberg Grünewald suchte und Cranach fand. Zur Beschäftigung mit altdeutscher Malerei in Mainz und Aschaffenburg um 1800.
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, eds., Cranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Pages197-213
Schawe 2007 A 218-220 Fig. 3
AuthorMartin Schawe
TitleCranach in Aschaffenburg. 1814 bis heute
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, ed., Cranach im Exil- Aschafffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Pages215-225
Schawe 2007 B 238, 239, 240 Fig. 11
AuthorMartin Schawe
TitleVerborgene Meisterwerke. Die Unterzeichnungen auf den Cranach-Tafeln
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, eds., Cranach im Exil - Aschafffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Pages235-241
Tacke 2007 B 110 Fig. 5
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleCranach im Dienste der Papstkirche. Zum Magdalenen-Altar Kardinal Albrechts von Brandenburg
Publicationin Gerhard Ermischer, Andreas Tacke, eds., Cranach im Exil. Aschaffenburg um 1540. Zuflucht, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Exhib. Cat. Aschaffenburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2007
Link http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/volltexte/2012/1999
Pages106-121
Exhib. Cat. Halle 2006 162-164 075 (see also nos. 76, 77) Pl. p. 163
EditorThomas Schauerte
TitleDer Kardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg. Renaissancefürst und Mäzen. Bd. 1: Katalog
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2006
Tacke 1992 135-147
AuthorAndreas Tacke
TitleDer katholische Cranach. Zu zwei Großaufträgen von Lucas Cranach d. Ä., Simon Franck und der Cranach-Werkstatt (1520 - 1540)
SeriesBerliner Schriften zur Kunst
Volume2
Place of PublicationMainz
Year of Publication1992
Cat. Augsburg 1912 No. 2162
EditorHeinz Braune
TitleKatalog der königlichen Filialgemäldegalerie zu Augsburg
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1912
Cat. Augsburg 1899 No. 162
EditorGemälde-Galerie, Augsburg
TitleKatalog der K. Gemälde-Galerie in Augsburg. Amtliche Ausgabe
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1899

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

‚The painted wing panels are lost; preparatory drawings illustrating a slightly different motifs can be found in Berlin (Kupferstichkabinett) and Erlangen (see Tacke 1992, 135-147)‘

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

  • Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ, about 1520 - 1525

Images

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Technical studies

30.03.2006Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: lime wood (Tilia sp.)

  • analysed by Peter Klein

2006Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium and brush

Type/Ductus:

- detailed and freehand underdrawing

- thin to broader lines applied over an initial design executed in broad lines and washes with a diluted medium

- occasional hatching-strokes

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; washes applied with a broad brush serve the representation of volume as do occasional hatching-strokes

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- workshop of Simon Franck ?

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2013]

Underdrawing

'The underdrawing of 'The Lamentation of Christ' also exhibits two drawn layouts of differing distinctness. In the portrait-like male figure of Nicodemus we find one of the few pentimenti: the eyes were originally lower, the face was more wrinkled, and appeared more in the sense of an older typecast. The correction was made to the underdrawing and confirms the portrait-like impression. One could assume that the complete underdrawing was presented for endorsement and that - possibly at the wish of the commissioner - an identification portrait was created out of the Nicodemus type. The quality of the drawing is not consistent; the face of the Virgin is a failure. [...]"

[Schawe 2007 B, 238, 239]

  • photographed by BStGS Doerner Institut

Conservation History

Date2007

no information

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 140]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_5362/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Peter-and-Paul-Altarpiece: The Lamentation of Christ', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_BStGS_5362/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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