Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso]

Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso]

Title

Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso]

[cda 2015]

Painting on wood

Medium

Painting on wood

[cda 2015]

Recto: full-length depiction of St Lawrence facing left against a dark background. He holds the metal grid of his martyrdom in his right hand and peruses the open book held in his left hand.

Verso: full-length depiction of the canonised Emperor Henry II against a dark background. Henry stands frontally

Recto: full-length depiction of St Lawrence facing left against a dark background. He holds the metal grid of his martyrdom in his right hand and peruses the open book held in his left hand.

Verso: full-length depiction of the canonised Emperor Henry II against a dark background. Henry stands frontally facing the viewer, wearing the attire of an emperor and holding a model of a church in his left hand.

[Görres, cda 2015]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder and Workshop

[Cat. Merseburg 2006, 49-55]

Production dates
1537
1535 - 1537

Production dates

1537

[Vereinigte Domstifter, revised 2014]

1535 - 1537

[Cat. Merseburg 2006, 49-55]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 167.5 x 67 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 167.5 x 67 cm

  • [Cat. Merseburg 2006, 49-55]

Signature / Dating
none
Inscriptions and Labels
- on the halo: 'S: LAVRENTIVS' - on the halo: 'S: KAISER HEINRICH' none

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • - on the halo: 'S: LAVRENTIVS' [recto]
  • - on the halo: 'S: KAISER HEINRICH' [verso]
  • [cda 2015]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • none
  • [cda 2015]
Owner
Vereinigte Domstifter zu Merseburg und Naumburg und des Kollegiatstifts Zeitz
Repository
Domstift Merseburg
Location
Merseburg
CDA ID
DE_DSM_NONE-DSM001c
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_DSM_NONE-DSM001c/

Provenance

  • part of the St Heinrich Altarpiece in the chapel of St Michael in Merseburg cathedral and belonging to the monument dedicated to the donor Bishop Sigismund von Lindenau
    [Cat. Merseburg 2006, 49-55]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Sandner 2021 72, 77
AuthorIngo Sandner
TitleDie Werkstattpraxis Lucas Cranach des Älteren
Publicationin Dagmar Täube, ed., Lucas Cranach der Ältere und Hans Kemmer. Meistermaler zwischen Renaissance und Reformation [Lübeck, St. Annen-Museum]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2021
Pages71-81
Exhib. Cat. Merseburg 2015
EditorMarkus Cottin, Väclav Vok Filip, Holger Kunde
Title1000 Jahre. Kaiserdom Merseburg, [Merseburg, Merseburger Dom und Kulturhistorisches Museum Schloss]
Place of PublicationPetersberg
Year of Publication2015
Ramm 2015 159-163 Figs.21, 26
AuthorPeter Ramm
TitleBischof Sigismunds Heinrichskapelle
Publicationin Markus Cottin, Väclav Vok Filip, Holger Kunde, eds.,1000 Jahre. Kaiserdom Merseburg, [Exhib. Cat. Merseburg]
Place of PublicationPetersberg
Year of Publication2015
Pages153-175
Sandner 2015 A
AuthorIngo Sandner
TitleDer Heinrichsaltar im Dom zu Merseburg. Neue Erkenntnisse
Publicationin Markus Cottin, Václav Vok Filip, Holger Kunde, eds.,1000 Jahre Kaiserdom Merseburg, Exhib. Cat. Merseburg
Place of PublicationPetersberg
Year of Publication2015
Pages176-179
Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini 2015 131, Fn. 13, 136, Fn. 64
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich, Ingo Sandner, Helen Smith-Contini
TitleVeränderungen beim Unterzeichnen in Cranachs Werkstatt und die Arbeitsweise von Sohn Lucas
Publicationin Elke A. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/5215/6337/7366/Heydenreich_Sandner_Smith-Contini_2015_-_Unterzeichnung.pdf
Pages128-141
Cat. Merseburg 2006 49-55 II.1
AuthorHolger Kunde, Markus Hörsch
EditorVereinigte Domstifter zu Merseburg und Naumburg und des Kollegiatstifts Zeitz
TitleDas Merseburger Kapitelhaus. Domschatz, Domstiftarchiv und Domstiftsbibliothek
SeriesKleine Schriften der Vereinigten Domstifter zu Merseburg und Naumburg und des Kollegiatenstifts Zeitz
Volume4
Place of PublicationPetersberg
Year of Publication2006
Schade 2003 13, 14 Fig. 4
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleBildhaftigkeit bei Cranach
Publicationin Heiz Spielmann, Werner Schade, eds., Lucas Cranach Glaube Mythologie und Maderne , Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Pages12-21
Deckert 1935 32
AuthorHermann Deckert
TitleDer Dom zu Merseburg und seine Kunstdenkmäler
Place of PublicationBurg near Merseburg
Year of Publication1935
Flechsig 1900 A 131
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Schuchardt 1851 C 92-93 349
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2

Research History / Discussion

A copy of the contract for the Heinrich Altarpiece that went to ,meyster Lucas Mahlern’ has been found. In the contract the iconography of the panels as well as a lost predella are described in great detail and should be assembled in the following order: Interior: St John the Baptist – The Crucifixion – Emperor Henry II.

Exterior: Maximus – Pope Sixtus – Lawrence – Romanus

Reverse: St John the Evangelist – The Lamentation – Bartholomew

Predella: Christ Blessing

In accordance with this new documented evidence the panels have been rearranged with one exception. The arrangement in the contract was evidently changed during the execution as in the constellation described Maximus and Bartholomew would both be facing outwards. This wing panel has been turned around.

[Ramm 2015, 159-161]

The images in the cda show the winged altarpiece before the discovery of this document and the associated rearrangement.

  • Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso], 1537

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • reverse
  • reverse
  • irr
  • irr

Technical studies

03. 2015Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr
  • irr

Underdrawing

St Lawrence [recto]

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid black medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- relatively economic and freehand underdrawing

- thin to somewhat broader lines

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and define the facial features; no representation of volume with hatching-strokes

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms; almost no changes; handwritten text at the bottom left and right

St Henry [verso]

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid black medium, brush

Type/Ductus:

- relatively economic and freehand underdrawing

- thin to broader lines

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate the main contours and define facial features; no representation of volume with hatching-strokes

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define forms; almost no changes

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- assistant working for Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Sandner, Smith-Contini, Heydenreich, cda 2015]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_DSM_NONE-DSM001c/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Altarpiece of St Heinrich [left moveable wing]: St Lawrence [recto]; St Heinrich [verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_DSM_NONE-DSM001c/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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