Martin Luther as Augustinian monk

Martin Luther as Augustinian monk

Titles

Martin Luther as Augustinian monk

[KKL 2022]

Posthumous Portrait of Martin Luthers as an Augustine Monk

[Hess/Mack 2010, 280]

Painting on parchment, on a plywood board made of beech wood

See German text version

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder or Circle
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder or Circle

[KKL 2022]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Löcher 1997, p. 135–136; Hess / Mack 2010, p. 280]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Ausst.-Kat. Nürnberg 1983, Nr. 368]

Production dates
about 1522 - about 1525
about 1522/1524

Production dates

about 1522 - about 1525

[KKL 2022]

about 1515

[Hofbauer 2021, p. 252]

about 1522/1524

[Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983, No. 368]

about 1523/1524

[Löcher 1997, S. 135]

after 1546

[Hess/Mack 2010, 280]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 43.4 x 29.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 43.4 x 29.5 cm

  • [KKL 2022]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
On the reverse of the panel and the frame there are remains of two red wax seals from the …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • On the reverse of the panel and the frame there are remains of two red wax seals from the Merkelschen Familienstiftung
  • [KKL 2020]
Owner
Paul Wolfgang Merkelsche Familienstiftung
Repository
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
Location
Nuremberg
CDA ID
DE_GNMN_Gm1570
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
KKL-No
I.6M1, Part of portait group I
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm1570/

Provenance

Loan from the Paul Wolfgang Merkelschen Familienstiftung

  • since 1960 in the GNM
    [Löcher 1997, p. 135]

Exhibitions

Schloss Cappenberg 1951, No. 359
Nuremberg 1959, No. 4
Nuremberg 1983, No. 363
Nuremberg 2017, No. 100

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Schuchardt 2015 B 35-37 Fig. 12
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitlePrivileg und Monopol - Die Lutherporträts der Cranach-Werkstatt
Publicationin Günther Schuchardt, ed., Cranach, Luther und die Bildnisse, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 2015
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2015
Pages24-52
Cat.Hess, Hirschfelder, Bär 2010 53, 108-109, 428 Fig. 77
Author / EditorDaniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder, Frank Bär, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleRenaissance. Barock. Aufklärung. Kunst und Kultur vom 16. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert
SeriesDie Schausammlungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums
Volume3
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 2004 46-47
Author / EditorBarbara Dienst
EditingManfred Knedlik
TitleFaszination Meisterwerk. Dürer, Rembrandt ,Riemenschneider
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication2004
Schuchardt 2004
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitleLuther seitenrichtig - Luther seitenverkehrt? Die Bildnisse im Leben und im Tod - Werkstattprinzip und Werkstattprivileg Cranachs und seiner Mitarbeiter
Volume2003
JournalWartburg-Jahrbuch
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2004
Pages9-30
Gülpen 2002 160-161 Fig. 22
Author / EditorIlonka van Gülpen
TitleDer deutsche Humanismus und die frühe Reformations-Propaganda 1520-1526. Das Lutherporträt im Dienst der Bildpublizistik
SeriesStudien zur deutschen Kunstgeschichte
Volume144
Place of PublicationHildesheim, Zurich, New York
Year of Publication2002
Cat. Nuremberg 1997 135-136
Author / EditorKurt Löcher
TitleDie Gemälde des 16. Jahrhunderts. Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication1997
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983 No. 363
Author / EditorGerhard Bott
TitleMartin Luther und die Reformation in Deutschland. Ausstellung zum 500. Geburtstag Martin Luthers
Place of PublicationFrankfurt a. M.
Year of Publication1983
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1959 No. 4
Author / EditorHerwarth Röttgen, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleAus der Frühzeit der evangelischen Kirche
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1959
Exhib. Cat. Cappenberg 1951 No. 359
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleDeutsche Kultur. Das Germanische Nationalmuseum zeigt Deutsche Kultur von der Spätgotik bis zum Rokoko [Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte der Stadt Dortmund, Schloß Cappenberg]
Place of PublicationDortmund
Year of Publication1951
  • Martin Luther as Augustinian monk, about 1522 - about 1525

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • reverse
  • irr
  • x_radiograph
  • uv_light
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • photomicrograph
  • photomicrograph
  • other
  • other
  • other

Technical studies

Date2018 - 2021

Support

See German version

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dry medium (dark chalk) combined with fluid black medium (brush)

Type/Ductus

- delicate, fine, traced lines combined with thin black lines; reinforced freehand

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and generally describe the essential details of the face and hands; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

Comments:

- probably transferred (traced ?) from a pre-existing design or sketch

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

1997Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • Stereomicroscopy
  • detail

Support

- parchment

- the edges are frayed

- the original dimensions have been more or less retained

Ground and Imprimatura

- there is no ground

Underdrawing

- the contours and main lines within the forms are indicated

Paint Layers and Gilding

- the hairy side of the parchment was painted by mistake

- the sitter's hair was painted over a background, which was not yet dry, suggesting that the painting was rapidly executed

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]

Condition Reports

Date2018 - 2021

See German version

  • examined by Wibke Ottweiler

Date1997

Support:

  • parchment glued to a plywood board (beech)

Painted surface

  • numerous microscopic paint losses above the pores of the hair roots

  • the reddish-brown boarder was overpainted at a later stage

  • numerous retouches from different periods. The retouches in the flesh paint have become very light where there was a lot of white added

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]

Conservation History

Date1959

as yet no information

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]

Date1956

  • parchment reglued to the plywood board

  • blisters in the paint layers were consolidated and losses were retouched

[Bartl, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 135]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Martin Luther as Augustinian monk', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm1570/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Martin Luther as Augustinian monk', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm1570/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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