Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony

Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony

Title

Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony

The central panel of a triptych depicting the three Reformation Electors of Saxony

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sylvatica)

Medium

Painting on beech wood (Fagus sylvatica)

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 145]

The portrait triptych depicts the saxon electors Friedrich, Johann and Johann Friedrich. The exterior of the moveable wings show the acheivements of the sitters. This, the central panel is a half-length portrait of Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony facing right against a blue background. He has brown eyes and

The portrait triptych depicts the saxon electors Friedrich, Johann and Johann Friedrich. The exterior of the moveable wings show the acheivements of the sitters. This, the central panel is a half-length portrait of Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony facing right against a blue background. He has brown eyes and a greyish beard and hair. He wears a black overcoat with a broad brown fur collar, a black doublet, a white embroidered shirt and a black beret.

[http://forschung.gnm.de/apps/dmsweb2/index.php?mode=detail&invnr=Gm222] (06.09.2010)

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 145]

Production date
1532 or later

Production date

1532 or later

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 145]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 51 x 36 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 51 x 36 cm

  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 145]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
On the painted surface: - top left: Remains of an inscription (later addition): 'A SCEPTRI/E TVO' Reverse of the panel: paper label: Stadt …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • On the painted surface: - top left:
  • Remains of an inscription (later addition): 'A SCEPTRI/E TVO'
  • Reverse of the panel:
  • paper label: Stadt Nürnberg, Inv. Nr. 2
  • [Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 146]
Owner
The City of Nuremberg
Repository
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
Location
Nuremberg
CDA ID
DE_GNMN_Gm222b
FR (1978) Nr.
FR338A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm222b/

Provenance

The City of Nuremberg, Inv. No. 2

  • origin uncertain
  • from 1811 displayed in Nuremberg Castle, Inv. 1817 and inventory 1819, No. 512
  • from 1840 in the Landauerbrüderhaus
  • 1864 displayed once again in the castle
  • 1882 GNM

[Löcher, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 146]

Exhibitions

Nuremberg 1959, No. 40, No. 5
Coburg 1967, No. 54, Fig. 21
Nuremberg 1983, No. 619 and Fig.
Mainz 1990, Fig. 9

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Gotha, Kassel 2015 262
EditorJulia Carrasco, Justus Lange, Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha, Benjamin D. Spira, Timo Trümper
TitleBild und Botschaft. Cranach im Dienst von Hof und Reformation, [Gotha, Herzogliches Museum; Kassel, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Schloss Wilhelmshöhe]
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Year of Publication2015
Cat.Hess, Hirschfelder, Bär 2010 105, 428 Fig. 74
AuthorFrank Bär
EditorDaniel Hess, Dagmar Hirschfelder, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleRenaissance. Barock. Aufklärung. Kunst und Kultur vom 16. bis zum 18. Jahrhundert
SeriesDie Schausammlungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums
Volume3
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication2010
Diemer et al. 2008 922-923 No. 3057
AuthorDorothea Diemer, Peter Diemer, Lorenz Seelig, Brigitte Vork-Knüttel, Peter Volk, Willibald Sauerländer
TitleDie Münchner Kunstkammer
Publicationin Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 129
Volume2
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2008
Koepplin 2007 A 222
AuthorDieter Koepplin
TitleKurfürst Friedrich der Weise mit der nicht millionenschweren Kaiserkrone in der Hand
Publicationin Andreas Tacke, ed., Lucas Cranach 1553/2003. Wittenberger Tagungsbeiträge anlässlich des 450. Todesjahres Lucas Cranachs des Älteren
SeriesSchriften der Stiftung Luthergedenkstätten in Sachsen-Anhalt
Volume7
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication2007
Pages299-312
Cat. Nuremberg 1997 145-149
AuthorKurt Löcher
TitleDie Gemälde des 16. Jahrhunderts. Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication1997
Dülberg 1990 87 260 Figs. 628, 629
AuthorAngelica Dülberg
TitlePrivatporträts. Geschichte und Ikonologie einer Gattung im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1990
Exhib. Cat. Mainz 1990 Fig. 9
EditorHorst Reber, Berthold Roland
TitleAlbrecht von Brandenburg. Kurfürst, Erzkanzler, Kardinal, 1490 - 1545. Zum 500. Geburtstag eines deutschen Renaissancefürsten
Place of PublicationMainz
Year of Publication1990
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1983 No. 619
EditorGerhard Bott
TitleMartin Luther und die Reformation in Deutschland. Ausstellung zum 500. Geburtstag Martin Luthers
Place of PublicationFrankfurt a. M.
Year of Publication1983
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 137 No. 338A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Cat. Enschede 1976 No. 66
EditorO. ter Kuile
TitleCatalogus van de schilderijen
Place of PublicationEnschede
Year of Publication1976
Schade 1974 435
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Pilz 1970 16
AuthorKurt Pilz
TitleDie St Nikolaus- und Ulrichskirche in Nürnberg - Mögeldorf. Ihre Geschichte und ihre Kunstwerke.
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1970
Exhib. Cat. Coburg 1967 054 Fig. 21
EditorLWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Münster, Heino Maedebach
TitleMartin Luther 1517-1967. Ausstellung zur Erinnerung an die 95 Thesen Martin Luthers vom Jahre 1517
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1967
Exhib. Cat. Nuremberg 1959 No. 40 Fig. 5
AuthorHerwarth Röttgen
EditorGermanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
TitleAus der Frühzeit der evangelischen Kirche
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1959
Schwemmer 1949 98
AuthorWilhelm Schwemmer
TitleAus der Geschichte der Kunstsammlungen der Stadt Nürnberg
JournalMitteilungen des Vereins für Geschichte der Stadt Nürnberg
IssueVol. 40
Year of Publication1949
Pages97-133, 152-206
Cat. Nuremberg 1936/1937 44 Fig. 377
AuthorEberhard Lutze, Eberhard Wiegand
TitleKataloge des Germanischen Nationalmuseums zu Nürnberg. Die Gemälde des 13.-16. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 272
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Glaser 1923 231
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1923
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/glaser1923
Cat. Nuremberg 1909 222
AuthorHeinz Braune
TitleKatalog der Gemälde-Sammlung des Germanischen Nationalmuseums in Nürnberg
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1909
Cat. Nuremberg 1893 No. 268
AuthorAugust von Essenwein, Adolf Bayersdorfer, Franz von Reber
TitleKatalog der im germanischen Museum befindlichen Gemälde
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1893
Mummenhoff 1891 290
AuthorErnst Mummenhoff
TitleDas Rathhaus in Nürnberg
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1891
Parthey 1863-1864 692 (Bd. 1) No.227
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Lotz 1863 347 No. 170
AuthorWilhelm Lotz
TitleKunst-Topographie Deutschlands. Ein Haus- und Reise-Handbuch für Künstler, Gelehrte und Freunde unserer alten Kunst
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationKassel
Year of Publication1863
Heller 1854 89
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleLucas Cranach's Leben und Werke
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1854
Link http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015062799757
Schuchardt 1851 C 103 375
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Waagen 1843 215
AuthorGustav Friedrich Waagen
TitleKunstwerke und Künstler im Erzgebirge und in Franken
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1843
Cat. Nuremberg 1840 No. 170
EditorLandauerbrüderhaus
TitleVerzeichnis der königlichen und städtischen Gemälde, welche in der Königlichen Gemäldegalerie in Nürnberg im Landauerbrüderhaus aufgestellt sind.
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1840
Heller 1821 214
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleVersuch über das Leben und die Werke Lucas Cranachs
Place of PublicationBamberg
Year of Publication1821
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/heller1821
Murr 1801 379
AuthorChristoph Gottlieb von Murr
TitleBeschreibung der vornehmsten Merkwürdigkeiten in der Reichsstadt Nürnberg, in deren Bezirke und auf der Universität Altdorf
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1801
  • Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony, 1532 or later

Images

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Technical studies

09. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is not readily visible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

1997Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology
  • Infrared reflectography

Support

- beech wood (Fagus sylvatica)

- two planks

- widths from the left: top 6.1, 30 cm, bottom 5.8, 30.2 cm

- 0.5 cm thick

- the joins are covered with an application of tow

- the panel has been trimmed along the left side

Reverse:

- the joins are covered with tow

- there is a thin application of ground

Ground and Imprimatura

- the panel in a frame when the ground was applied and the sky was painted, then the frame was removed

Underdrawing

- none visible

[Homolka, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 146]

Condition Reports

Date1997

Painted surface:

  • small losses distributed over the entire painted surface

  • the black boarder is abraded

[Homolka, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 146]

Conservation History

Date1959

as yet no information

[Homolka, Cat. Nuremberg 1997, 146]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm222b/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Friedrich the Wise, Elector of Saxony', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_GNMN_Gm222b/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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