Virgin under the apple tree

Virgin under the apple tree

Title

Virgin under the apple tree

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Painting on limewood

Medium

Painting on limewood

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Shown as a seated half-length figure the Virgin supports the naked infant Christ who stands on one leg on her knee and looks out at the viewer smiling. The child holds an apple in his right hand, while more are visible in the top right corner hanging from the tree.

Shown as a seated half-length figure the Virgin supports the naked infant Christ who stands on one leg on her knee and looks out at the viewer smiling. The child holds an apple in his right hand, while more are visible in the top right corner hanging from the tree. The Virgin's hair is covered by a transparent veil and the slight inclination of her head betrays her motherly affection. At the right edge of the image an expansive landscape is visible with a castle on a rocky outcrop.

[cda 2015]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Production date
about 1525

Production date

about 1525

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 85 x 58 x 1.2 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 85 x 58 x 1.2 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 103.5 x 76 x 7.5 cm

  • [Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the top right on the tree: serpent with elevated wings, facing right

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the top right on the tree: serpent with elevated wings, facing right

  • [cda 2015]

Owner
Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Repository
Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Location
Darmstadt
CDA ID
DE_HLMD_GK70
FR (1978) Nr.
FR159
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_HLMD_GK70/

Provenance

  • acquired in 1820, probably from landgraviate property

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 69]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Darmstadt 1990 238-239 69 p. 239
AuthorWolfgang Beeh
TitleDeutsche Malerei um 1260-1550 im Hessischen Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1990
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 159
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 136
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Darmstadt 1914 70
AuthorFriedrich Back
TitleGrossherzoglich Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt. Verzeichnis der Gemälde
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1914
Link https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/back1914
Schuchardt 1851 C 39 221
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Cat. Darmstadt 1818 10
AuthorPhilipp August Pauli
TitleDas Grossherzogliche Museum in Darmstadt
Place of PublicationDarmstadt, Mainz
Year of Publication1818
Link http://tudigit.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/show/43-3627/0001/thumbs
  • Virgin under the apple tree, about 1525

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall

Technical studies

1990 - Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared photography

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing executed with a brush is clearly visible; there was a small change made to the position of the Virgin's hand

- the underdrawing consists of short and longer brushstrokes, loose and confident

[Report, Bernd Konrad 1990]

  • examined by Bernd Konrad

1989 - Technical Examination

Support

- the panel consists of five boards with butt joints

- a groove is present on all four sides (between 0.3 and 1 cm in width)

- coarse marks from a block plane runnig horizontally across the reverse of the panel

Ground and Imprimatura

- a barb from the ground has been retained along the right edge

[Condition report , Hessisches Landesmuseum 1989]

Condition Reports

Date1989 -

  • the joins are clearly visible on the front of the panel

  • on the reverse the joins were reinforced with strips of canvas (two cover the entire length, two only half the length)

  • formerly the panel exhibited three cross-members, that have left marks visible today on the reverse of the panel

  • at the left edge the panel has been trimmed slightly, the top and bottom edges are probably original and a barb has been retained along the right edge

  • the reverse exhibits a glazed, greyish-green oil coating over the joins

  • viewed from the recto the panel exhibits a convex curve

  • extensive woodworm damage above all in the lower section of the panel

  • at the bottom left edge the groove is damaged, it was considerably weakened by the woodworm damage

  • hand palm sized retouching in the sky in the top left corner has darkened considerably

  • extensive retouching in the flesh paint

  • the edges are in part damaged

[Condition report, Hessisches Landesmuseum 1989]

Date1980 -

  • the retouching has darkened on a split running down from the top edge of the painting

[condition report, Hessisches Landesmuseum 1980]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Virgin under the apple tree', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_HLMD_GK70/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Virgin under the apple tree', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_HLMD_GK70/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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