Portrait of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, the Wise

Portrait of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, the Wise

Title

Portrait of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, the Wise

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 71]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 71]

A so-called 'portrait in old age' of Friedrich the Wise as a half-length figure, against a green background, facing right. The elector wears a black cap over his grey hair and a fur-trimmed cloak as well as two rings on his left hand.

[Görres, cda 2015]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 71]

Production date
1525

Production date

1525

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 39.8 x 26.8 x 0.7 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 39.8 x 26.8 x 0.7 cm

  • Dimensions including frame: 46 x 33.8 x 2.5 cm

  • [Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 71]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the left: serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in yellow paint and date '1525'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the left: serpent with elevated wings, facing right, in yellow paint and date '1525'

  • [cda 2015]

Owner
Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Repository
Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Location
Darmstadt
CDA ID
DE_HLMD_GK72
FR (1978) Nr.
FR179C
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_HLMD_GK72/

Provenance

  • recorded in the museum since 1843, probably from landgraviate property
    [Cat. Darmstadt 1990, No. 71]

Exhibitions

  • Basel 1974, No. 188
  • Frankfurt 2007, No. 30

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Rome 2010 170 - 172 No. 13 Pl. p. 171
EditorGalleria Borghese, Rome, Anna Coliva, Bernard Aikema
TitleCranach. L'altro rinascimento / a different renaissance, [Rome, Galleria Borghese 15 ottobre 2010 - 13 febbraio 2011]
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication2010
Exhib. Cat. Frankfurt 2007 174-175 30 p. 175
EditorBodo Brinkmann
TitleCranach der Ältere, [Frankfurt, Städel Museum, 23 Nov 2007 - 17 Feb 2008]
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Cat. Darmstadt 1990 244-245 71 p. 245
AuthorWolfgang Beeh
TitleDeutsche Malerei um 1260-1550 im Hessischen Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1990
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 179C
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 283, 298 188 Fig. 158
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 151c
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Cat. Darmstadt 1914 72
AuthorFriedrich Back
TitleGrossherzoglich Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt. Verzeichnis der Gemälde
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1914
Link https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/back1914
Cat. Darmstadt 1843 142
AuthorCarl Seeger
TitleDas Grossherzogliche Museum zu Darmstadt. Die Gemäldegallerie
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1843
Link https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_f5UVAAAAYAAJ
  • Portrait of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, the Wise, 1525

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall

Technical studies

1990 - Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared photography

Underdrawing

- hardly any underdrawing visible

[Report, Bernd Konrad 26.03.1990]

  • examined by Bernd Konrad

1989 - Technical Examination

Support

- the panel consists of one plank. There is a groove at the top and bottom edges (0.2 - 0.3 cm in width)

- regular block plane marks are visible on the reverse in the direction of the grain

Ground and Imprimatura

Paint and ground barb retained on all four sides, the right and left edges exhibit an exposed wooden edge, at the right up to 0.3 cm

[Condition report, Hessisches Landesmuseum 1989]

Condition Reports

Date1989 -

  • right and left edges bevelled, very narrow, at the right edge the bevel was done after it was trimmed. Only a minimal amount can have been trimmed from the panel as the barb has been retained.

  • also trimmed at the top and the bottom as the barb is located on the very edge of the panel

  • the woodsurface is splintery on the reverse

  • there is a black coating on the reverse, not original as it is present in the lower groove

  • adhesive label: 'M.C.M.' in ink, beneath that the number '386', in pencil

  • isolated exit holes

  • the glazes in the green areas has been preserved

  • the flesh paint is abraded

  • two small splits in the centre of the panel at the bottom edge

  • in good condition

[Condition report, Hessisches Landesmuseum 1989]

Date05. 1974 - 06. 1974

Condition:

a) Support:

  • thickness: 7 mm

  • slightly warped

  • there are no canvas applications on the panel

  • the reverse is coarsely hewn and the edges are slightly bevelled

  • loose splinters on the reverse

  • very little woodworm damage

b) Paint layers:

  • raised barb along the right and left edges of the panel (in part 0.5 cm from the edge)

  • along the top and bottom the barb is located on the very edge, the ground was probably applied to the panel in its frame

  • ground: white, dense and polished smooth, good adhesion to the support, almost no blistering

  • green in the background: coarsely ground pigments and a green plant extract glaze which is now brown, the pigment particles appear in part white (addition of lead white as bulking agent?); at the top edge there is a black paint layer over the green one (from the original black boarder); at the left edge a tiny amount of green, that has not discoloured is visible

  • apart from the background green all the other areas are executed employing a smooth and delicate application of paint with finely ground pigments, only isolated hairs on the beard were added in white as impasto highlights.

  • small losses in the robe and the fur collar

  • old fills and discoloured retouches in the face

  • abrasion of the paint layers in the beard and the right eye

  • the varnish has yellowed and is dirty

[Conservation report, Hessisches Landesmuseum, 1974]

Conservation History

Date05. 1974 - 06. 1974

  • consolidation of loose wood splitters on the reverse

  • the edges of the panel were treated with an application of shellac

  • varnish removal with Isopropanol

  • retouching with resin paints

  • final varnish (dammar) and wax facing

[Conservation treatment report, Hessisches Landesmuseum, 1974]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

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<author's name>, 'Portrait of Elector Friedrich of Saxony, the Wise', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_HLMD_GK72/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
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