Samson and Delila

Samson and Delila

Title

Samson and Delila

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 144]

Painting on hardwood

Medium

Painting on hardwood

[Klaus Büchel, restoration report, 20 July 2013]

Lime wood

[Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 144]

The panel depicts Delila, the wife of the Old Testament hero Samson, cutting off his hair, while he sleeps in her lap. His hair had made him invincible in his fight against the Philistines. In his right hand he holds the ass's jawbone, used by him in battle. The Philistines

The panel depicts Delila, the wife of the Old Testament hero Samson, cutting off his hair, while he sleeps in her lap. His hair had made him invincible in his fight against the Philistines. In his right hand he holds the ass's jawbone, used by him in battle. The Philistines can be seen approaching once again in the background (Judges 13-16).

[Sarah Klein, Augsburg, 21. November 2016]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 212]

Production date
1529

Production date

1529

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 116.6 (left) 117.2 (right) x 82 (top) 81.5 (bottom) x 0.6-0.8 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 116.6 (left) 117.2 (right) x 82 (top) 81.5 (bottom) x 0.6-0.8 cm

  • [Klaus Büchel, conservation report, 20 July 2013]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings and date '1529'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia at the bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings and date '1529'

  • [cda 2017]

Owner
Kunstsammlungen und Museen der Stadt Augsburg
Repository
Staatsgalerie Augsburg, Katharinenkirche
Location
Augsburg
CDA ID
DE_KMSA-BStGS_3608
FR (1978) Nr.
FR212
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KMSA-BStGS_3608/

Provenance

  • Augsburg town hall, E. v. Knorre assumes that it may have been acquired for the old town hall directly from the artist through either Fugger or Rem
    [Sarah Klein, Augsburg, 21. November 2016]
  • on loan to the Staatsgalerie Augsburg, Katharinenkirche from the Städtischen Kunstsammlungen Augsburg
    [Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011, 144]

Exhibitions

Dresden 1899, no. 45
Kronach 1953, no. 3
Basel 1974, no. 471

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Exhib. Cat. Munich 2011 144
AuthorMartin Schawe
EditorBayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen
TitleCranach in Bayern
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2011
Exhib. Cat. Chemnitz 2005 221, 222 under No. 4 Fig. 107
EditorHarald Marx, Karin Kolb, Ingrid Mössinger
TitleCranach Anlässlich der Ausstellung Cranach vom 13. November 2005 bis 12. März 2006 in den Kunstsammlungen Chemnitz. Eine Ausstellung in Kooperation mit der Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister der Staatlichen Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication2005
Koepplin 2003 C 147-149 Fig. 27
AuthorDieter Koepplin
TitleEin Cranach-Prinzip
Publicationin Heinz Spielmann, Werner Schade, eds., Lucas Cranach. Glaube, Mythologie und Moderne, Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Pages144-165
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 212
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Mayer 1975 35-36
AuthorHans Mayer
TitleAussenseiter
Place of PublicationFrankfurt/Main
Year of Publication1975
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 573-574 471
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Kahr 1972 288, fn. 23
AuthorMadlyn Millner Kahr
TitleDelilah
JournalThe Art Bulletin
Issue54 (1972)
Year of Publication1972
Pages282-292
Cat. Augsburg 1967 37-38
AuthorGisela Goldberg, Christian A. zu Salm, Gisela Scheffler
TitleAltdeutsche Gemälde. Staatsgalerie Augsburg, Städtische Kunstsammlungen
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1967
Knorre 1967 60-61, 157 p. 61
AuthorEckhard von Knorre
TitleLukas Cranach d. Ä.: Samson und Delila
Publicationin Bruno Bushart, ed., Kostbarkeiten aus den Kunstsammlungen der Stadt Augsburg. Eine Festgabe zum 125. Jahr der Gründung der Buch- u. Kunstdruckerei J. P. Himmer KG in Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1967
Pages60-61
Thöne 1965 6, 72
AuthorFriedrich Thöne
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere
SeriesDie blauen Bücher
Place of PublicationKönigstein i. Taunus
Year of Publication1965
Lieb 1958 44
AuthorNorbert Lieb
TitleDie Fugger und die Kunst im Zeitalter der hohen Renaissance
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication1958
Réau 1956 246
AuthorLouis Réau
TitleIconographie de l'art chrétien. Tome 2: Iconographie de la Bible, 1: Ancien Testament
Place of PublicationParis
Year of Publication1956
Exhib. Cat. Kronach 1953 12 003
AuthorHeinrich Kohlhaussen
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. 1472-1553. Jubiläums-Ausstellung zu seinem 400. Todestag [Kronach/Coburg, 12.07-29.08.1953]
Place of PublicationKronach
Year of Publication1953
Lieb 1953 20
AuthorNorbert Lieb
TitleFührer durch die Städtischen Kunstsammlungen Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1953
Lüdecke 1953 B 71-72
AuthorHeinz Lüdecke
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Der Künstler und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1953
Posse 1942 29, 60 70, 71
AuthorHans Posse
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä.
Place of PublicationVienna
Year of Publication1942
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 62 175
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Glaser 1921 A 201-202, 234
AuthorCurt Glaser
TitleLukas Cranach
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1921
Dirr 1916 49
AuthorP. Dirr
TitleDas Maximilians-Museum in Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1916
Heinse 1909 278
AuthorWilhelm Heinse
TitleI. Von der italiänischen Reise
Publicationin Tagebücher von 1780 bis 1800
SeriesWilhelm Heinse. Sämmtliche Werke
Volume7
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1909
Tietze-Conrat 1907 6
AuthorErika Tietze-Conrat
TitleDes Bildhauergesellen Franz Ertinger Reisebeschreibung durch Österreich und Deutschland. Nach der Handschrift Cgm. 3312 der Kgl. Hof-und Staatsbibliothek, München
SeriesQuellenschriften für Kunstgeschichte und Kunsttechnik des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit
Volume14
Place of PublicationVienna, Leipzig
Year of Publication1907
Friedländer 1905 15
AuthorMax J. Friedländer
TitleDie Tafelmalerei des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts
Publicationin Oscar Döring, Georg Voss, eds., Meisterwerke der Kunst aus Sachsen und Thüringen
Place of PublicationMagdeburg
Year of Publication1905
Pages3-18
Rathaus 1903 30
Authorn. a.
TitleDas Augsburger Rathaus und die darin zur Schau gestellten Gemälde und sonstigen Kunstgegenstände
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1903
Michaelson 1902 58, 60, 62, 134
AuthorHedwig Michaelson
TitleLukas Cranach der Ältere. Untersuchung über die stilistische Entwicklung seiner Kunst
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1902
Flechsig 1900 A 272 45
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 43 45
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Rathaus 1898 28
Authorn. a.
TitleDas Augsburger Rathaus und die darin zur Schau gestellten Gemälde und sonstigen Kunstgegenstände
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1898
Parthey 1863 680 027
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal: Verzeichniss der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen; in alphabetischer Folge zusammengestellt. Erster Band: A - K
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1863
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/parthey1863bd1/0433
Heller 1854 49
AuthorJoseph Heller
TitleLucas Cranach's Leben und Werke
Place of PublicationNuremberg
Year of Publication1854
Link http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015062799757
Schuchardt 1851 C 11-12
AuthorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Zweiter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1851
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1851bd2
Kugler 1836 131
AuthorFranz Kugler
TitleAlbrecht Dürer, seine Vorgänger und Nachfolger
JournalMuseum. Blätter für bildende Kunst
Issue4 (1836)
Year of Publication1836
Pages58-144
Seida 1830 128
Author[ F. von Seida ]
TitleNeuestes Taschenbuch von Augsburg... ein Handbuch für Fremde und Einheimische
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1830
Briefe 1829 42
Authorn. a.
TitleBriefe über Kunst, Alterthum und Wissenschaft
JournalMorgenblatt für gebildete Stände
Place of PublicationStuttgart, Tübingen
Issue1/11 (1829)
Year of Publication1829
Pages42-43
Wegweiser 1828 125
Authorn. a.
TitleWegweiser für die Stadt Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1828
Link https://mdz-nbn-resolving.de/details:bsb10387807
Kotzebue 1805 76
AuthorAugust von Kotzebue
TitleErinnerungen von einer Reise aus Liefland nach Rom und Neapel.Erster Theil
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1805
Stetten 1788 183
AuthorPaul von Stetten
TitleBeschreibung der Reichs-Stadt Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1788
Meusel 1787 28
AuthorJohann Georg Meusel
TitleMuseum für Künstler und für Kunstliebhaber, Band 1
Place of PublicationMannheim
Year of Publication1787
Stetten 1772 36
AuthorPaul von Stetten
TitleDie vornehmsten Merkwürdigkeiten der Reichs Stadt Augsburg
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1772
Sendel 1657 5
AuthorMatthäus Sendel
TitleCuria Augustanae Reipublicae, Das ist: Außführliche Beschreib- und Außlegung Aller Kunstreichen Gemähl, Stück und Taflen, welche in dem Anno 1620. Newerbawten hochansehenlichen Rath-Hauß der weitberühmbten Kayserlichen ReichsStatt Augspurg zusehen
Place of PublicationAugsburg
Year of Publication1657

Research History / Discussion

This painting has a morallizing content: according to the Old Testament Scripture (Judges 16) one should be silent in order not to be diisarmed by love.

[Sarah Klein, Augsburg, 21. November 2016]

  • Samson and Delila, 1529

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • reverse
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation

Technical studies

20.07.2013Technical examination / Scientific analysis

Rahmung

W: 96 cm; H:131 cm; T: 6 cm, wood, profile: bare wood with a brown glaze; gilded inner profile

- the backboard has been customized to accomodate the warp (total depth: 10.5 cm)

Support

- probably hardwood

- 3 planks alligned vertically; width of the planks: left plank: 42 cm; central plank 17 cm; right plank 23 cm

- the panel is chamfered along the top, left and right edges.

- the reverse of the panel exhibits a thick wax coating

- the painted edge is preserved along the top edge the other edges have been trimmed

- the reverse of the panel was planed and thinned

Ground and Imprimatura

Material: glue/chalk (?), Colour: pale, Barbe: top edge

Underdrawing

- an underdrawing is only partially visible in the figures

  • examined by Klaus Büchel

Condition Reports

Date20.07.2013

  • the panel is slightly warped; there are an extensive number of blocks attached to the reverse, cradled

  • flaking along the central joint between the left and central plank and along the right edge. - small losses along the central joint

  • extensive blooming in the red robes of the main figures

  • extensive overpaint in the sky

  • discoloured retouches over the entire surface

  • the damage from 1930 has compromised the surface texture in the upper section of the painting (small deformations)

  • yellowed, surface dirt

  • examined by Klaus Büchel

Conservation History

Date01.06.2013 - 30.06.2013

Ground/Paint Layers

consolidated with: sturgeon's glue

Regeneration attempts with ethanol were not successful

Retouching/Overpaint partially removed (in the sky) with ethanol

Filled with a glue/chalk mixture

retouched with lean Mussini resin-oil paint (Schmincke), diluent: oil of terpentine

Varnish

Surface cleaning with distilled water 50% + 50% boiled water

The reverse ogf the panel was cleaned dry (only vacuumed due to the thickness of the wax layer)

The waxy and thick varnish was removed in the area of the sky and thinned in other areas with a solution of Isooctan - Ethanol - Shellsol A (Ratio: 3 + 1 + 1)

Isolating varnish, brush application, Dammar in oil of terpentine (1:6)

Final varnish: Dammar in oil of terpentine (1:6)

The thick wax patches were removed mechanically

Materials used:

water, sturgeon's glue, glue/chalk admixture, ethanol, isooctan, Shellsol A, Mussini resin/oil paints (Schmincke); diluent: oil of terpentine. Dammer varnish

Summary

The conservation treatment had to be carried out within a very short period of time (1 month) it was therefore necessary to strike a compromise regarding the extent to which old discoloured retouches were removed. They were removed from the sky and reworked in other areas. Thus an aesthetically homogenous image was achieved for the exhibition.

  • conservation treatment by Klaus Büchel

Date1930 - 1932

  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation

1930 damage caused by an exploding fire-extinguisher in the Augsburg Gallery

1930-32 Conservation treatment:

The painting was taken to the Alte Pinakothek. The following participated in the difficult process of deciding on an adequate treatment: Dörnhöffer, H. Kinkelin and another restorer from the Alte Pinakothek, as well as Hans Aulmann, A. L. Mayer and Walter Gräff.

It was decided to take a - then completely new - minimalist approach. Instead of commissioning the Augsburg artist Niedoba to completely overpaint the loss their justified fear of later alterations lead them to recommend a conservation treatment of the surface before retouching.

During this decission making stage a chemical neutralization of the paint surface was successfully tested on dummies by the enigineer Heinz Hetterich. Ultimately it was decided not to neutralize the painting, but rather to treat it with numerous applications of linseed oil. (Text from: Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Jahresbericht 1998, 12-24, here p. 19)

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Samson and Delila', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KMSA-BStGS_3608/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Samson and Delila', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KMSA-BStGS_3608/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

Help us to improve the Cranach Digital Archive.

Please contact us, if you have noticed a mistake.