Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg'

Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg'

Titles

Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg'

[KKL 2022]

Portrait of Martin Luther as Junker Jörg

[Hoffmann 1992, p. 25]

St Xavier

[Schöll 1847, p. 167]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Hoffmann 1992, p. 25]

See German text version

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Ausst.-Kat. Weimar 2015, p. 83] [Hoffmann 1992, p. 25] [KKL 2022]

Production dates
about 1522
about 1521

Production dates

about 1522

[KKL 2022]

about 1521

[Friedländer / Rosenberg 1932, p. 54]

about 1521 - 1522

[Ausst.-Kat. Weimar 2015, p. 83] [Hoffmann 1992, p. 25]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 52.8 x 37.3 x 1.2 cm (cropped at the bottom edge; bevelled to 7 mm at all edges)

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 52.8 x 37.3 x 1.2 cm (cropped at the bottom edge; bevelled to 7 mm at all edges)

  • Dimensions of the painted surface: 52.5 x 35.5 cm (cropped)

  • Dimensions including framing: 70.5 x 54.0 x 8.0 cm

  • [Klassik Stiftung Weimar, revised 2021]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
front of the panel: - in the bottom left corner: 17th or 18th century inscription: 'S. F. XAVIER' (roman capitals in yellowish …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • front of the panel: - in the bottom left corner:
  • 17th or 18th century inscription: 'S. F. XAVIER' (roman capitals in yellowish orange)
  • [Hoffmann 1992, p. 25]
Owner
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Repository
Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Museums
Location
Weimar
CDA ID
DE_KSW_G9
FR (1978) Nr.
FR149
KKL-No
II.M2, Part of portait group II
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G9/

Provenance

  • recorded in the inventory of the ducal library (Großherzogliche Bibliothek: XVII b 354)
  • 1873 transferred to the museum
    [Hoffmann 1992, p. 25]

Exhibitions

Weimar 1883, 2, No. 11
Berlin 1937, No. 45, Plate 41.
Weimar, Wittenberg 1953, No. 20
Weimar 1972, No. 19, Fig. p. 52
Aachen 2021

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 2015 74, 75, 83, 86 50 Fig. 50, Fig. pp. 74, 75 (detail)
Author / EditorWolfgang Holler, Karin Kolb
TitleCranach in Weimar, [Weimar, Schiller-Museum, 3 April - 14 June 2015]
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication2015
Schuchardt 2015 B 32-34, 37 Fig. 10
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitlePrivileg und Monopol - Die Lutherporträts der Cranach-Werkstatt
Publicationin Günther Schuchardt, ed., Cranach, Luther und die Bildnisse, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 2015
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2015
Pages24-52
Heydenreich 2007 B 32
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich
Title"... dass Du mit wunderbarer Schnelligkeit malest". Virtuosität und Effizienz in der künstlerischen Praxis Lucas Cranachs d. Ä.
Publicationin Bodo Brinkmann, ed., Cranach der Ältere, Exhib. Cat. FrankfurtA
Place of PublicationOstfildern
Year of Publication2007
Pages29-47
Schuchardt 2004
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitleLuther seitenrichtig - Luther seitenverkehrt? Die Bildnisse im Leben und im Tod - Werkstattprinzip und Werkstattprivileg Cranachs und seiner Mitarbeiter
Volume2003
JournalWartburg-Jahrbuch
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2004
Pages9-30
Cat. Weimar 1992 25-27 007
Author / EditorHelga Hoffmann, Kunstsammlungen zu Weimar
TitleKunstsammlungen zu Weimar. Die deutschen Gemälde des XVI. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationFulda
Year of Publication1992
Snyders 1985 376f. Fig. 442
Author / EditorJames Snyder
TitleNorthern renaissance Art. Painting, Sculpture and the Graphic Arts from 1350-1575
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1985
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 100 No. 149 Fig. 149
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg, G. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Schade 1974 Plate 111, p. 52
Author / EditorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Ullmann 1974 Fig. 9
Author / EditorErnst Ullmann
TitleLucas Cranach der Ältere. Maler und Werk
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1972 B No. 19 Fig. p. 52
Author / EditorSchlossmuseum Weimar
TitleLucas Cranach 1472-1553. Ein großer Maler in bewegter Zeit
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1972
Ruhmer 1963 85 Fig. 5
Author / EditorEberhard Ruhmer
TitleCranach
Place of PublicationCologne
Year of Publication1963
Exhib. Cat. Weimar, Wittenberg 1953 20
Author / EditorDeutsche Lucas Cranach Komitee, Walther Scheidig
TitleLucas Cranach Ausstellung. Weimar und Wittenberg
Place of PublicationWeimar, Wittenberg
Year of Publication1953
Lilienfein 1942 52
Author / EditorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Giesecke 1939 21-25
Author / EditorAlbert Giesecke
TitleDas Bildnis Luthers als Junker Jörg von Cranach
JournalSchriften des Vereins für die Geschichte Leipzigs
Issue23
Year of Publication1939
Pages21-25
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 24 045 Pl. 41
Author / EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 126
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Vogel 1918 57-64
Author / EditorJulius Vogel
TitleLuther als Junker Jörg
JournalZeitschrift für bildende Kunst
IssueN.F. 29=53.1918
Year of Publication1918
Link http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/artdok/2659/1/Vogel_Luther_als_Junker_Georg_1918.pdf
Pages57-64
Cat. Weimar 1913 No. 141
Author / EditorWillibald Hermens
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1913
Cat. Weimar 1910 No. 139
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
IssueSixth edition
Year of Publication1910
Gabelentz-Linsingen 1910 32
Author / EditorHans von der Gabelentz-Linsingen
TitleFührer durch das Großherzogliche Museum in Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1910
Cat. Weimar 1894 33 No. 16
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1894
Cat. Weimar 1884 26 No. 13
Author / Editorn. a.
TitleKatalog des Groszherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1884
Exhib. Cat. Weimar 1883 2 No. 11
Author / EditorKarl Ruland
TitleDie Luther-Ausstellung des Großherzoglichen Museums zu Weimar
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1883
Sallet 1883
Author / EditorAlfred von Sallet
TitleLuther als Junker Jörg
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1883
Schuchardt 1871 202 88
Author / EditorChristian Schuchardt
TitleLucas Cranach des Aeltern Leben und Werke. Dritter Theil
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1871
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schuchardt1871bd3
Parthey 1863-1864 696 No. 314
Author / EditorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
Schöll 1847 167
Author / EditorA. Schöll
TitleWeimars Merkwürdigkeiten einst und jetzt
Place of PublicationWeimar
Year of Publication1847
  • Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg', about 1522

Images

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Technical studies

06.10.2014Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph
  • x_radiograph

Equipment: ERESCO 42 MF 4 from the company GE.

Scanner: CRxFlex.

Parameters: 50 KV, 8mA, 20 seconds

Distance from objectt: 3m

[HfBK Dresden, I. Mohrmann, K. Risse, 06.10.2014]

  • created by I. Mohrmann
  • created by HfBK Dresden
  • created by K. Risse

04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid black pigmented medium; pointed brush

Type/Ductus:

- traced thin lines in the head, freehand underdrawing in the hands

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder

Comments:

- possibly transferred from a preparatory sketch

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Ingo Sandner
  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich

1988Technical Examination

Support

- one vertical plank

- rebate running around all four sides on the reverse

- the edges are beveled, the flat area of the bevel has been decorated with flowers, leaves and chains, which due to a later intervention are partially no longer legible (Fig. p. 27)

- the original painted edges of the panel have been preserved at the top and the sides

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 25]

1972Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared photography
  • photographed by Institut für Denkmalpflege, Berlin
  • photographed by J. Fritz

1953Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • photographed by Institut für Denkmalpflege, Halle

Condition Reports

Date1988

  • the panel was cropped by a few cms. at the bottom and trimmed slightly at the top

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 25]

Conservation History

Date1935 - 1936

  • among other measures: conservation of the panel (old woodworm damage), removal of a green overpaint in the background as well as overpaint in the hair and the garment, retouching

[Hoffmann, Cat. Weimar 1992, 25]

  • conservation treatment by I. Meyn

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg'', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G9/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Martin Luther as 'Junker Jörg'', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_KSW_G9/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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