Lucretia

Lucretia

Title

Lucretia

[cda 2015]

Painting on wood

Medium

Painting on wood

[cda 2015]

Lime or alder wood

[Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 662, No. 578]

The painting depicts Lucretia as a seated half-length figure in contemporary dress and with contemporary accessories.

Lucretia's head is inclined slightly to the left, but her gaze is directed at the viewer. Her hair is pinned up. She wears a white undergarment revealing her breast and a fur-trimmed gown covers her

The painting depicts Lucretia as a seated half-length figure in contemporary dress and with contemporary accessories.

Lucretia's head is inclined slightly to the left, but her gaze is directed at the viewer. Her hair is pinned up. She wears a white undergarment revealing her breast and a fur-trimmed gown covers her shoulders. Her left hand rest in her lap and in her right hand she holds the dagger, which is raised slightly. She wears a chain with a pendant and two large linked chains around her neck. The background is dark.

[Herrschaft, cda 2012]

According to the legend Lucretia lived in the 6th century BC and was the beautiful and virtuous wife of the roman Collatinus. The roman King's son - Sextus Tarquinius fell in love with her. During a stay in her house Sextus threatened to kill her and shame her honour if she did not surrender to him. After the rape Lucretia had her father and husband vow vengeance and then she stabbed herself. The event led to an uprising in which the royal family was overthrown and the Roman Empire became a Republic.

Depictions of Lucretia who was seen as the epitomy of female virtue, chastity, fidelity and honour enjoyed great popularity, particularly in the 16th century.

[Literature: Bierende 2002, Follak 2002, Livius 1909]

Attribution
Hans Döring

Attribution

Hans Döring

[Emmendörffer 1998, 206][Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 662, No. 578]

Production date
1514

Production date

1514

[dated]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 40.5 x 33 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 40.5 x 33 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 662, No. 578]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia in the upper area: 'H.D.M.' and date '1514'

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia in the upper area: 'H.D.M.' and date '1514'

Inscriptions and Labels
Yellow inscription in the upper area: 'DVM VI TARQUINI PATITVR LVCRECIA STVPRVM PERFORAT EN FERRO PECTORA CASTA TRVCI' (After Lucretia …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • Yellow inscription in the upper area:
  • 'DVM VI TARQUINI PATITVR LVCRECIA STVPRVM PERFORAT EN FERRO PECTORA CASTA TRVCI'
  • (After Lucretia was raped by Tarquinius, she stabbed herself, see here the innocent breast with the terrible dagger)
  • [Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 662, No. 578]
Owner
Museum Wiesbaden
Repository
Museum Wiesbaden
Location
Wiesbaden
CDA ID
DE_MW_M26
FR (1978) Nr.
FR-none
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_MW_M26/

Exhibitions

Basel 1974, Cat.-No. 578

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 115 under no. 20 Fig. 5
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Teget-Welz 2018 224
AuthorManuel Teget-Welz
TitleVon Gotha in die Ganze Welt. Die Fürstenserie des Monogrammisten IS
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages209-228
Heydenreich 2007 A 282 Fig. 219
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Emmendörffer 1998 206, 207 Fig. 22.3
AuthorChristoph Emmendörffer
TitleDie selbständigen Cranachschüler
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages203-228
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 661-663 No. 578 Fig. 322b
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 46, 69
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Cat. Wiesbaden 1937 33
AuthorHermann Voss
TitleAmtlicher Katalog der Gemäldegalerie Wiesbaden. Nassauisches Landesmuseum
Place of PublicationWiesbaden
Year of Publication1937
Ehlers 1919 2-4, 85 Fig. 1
AuthorErnst Heinrich Ehlers
TitleHans Döring. Ein hessischer Maler des 16. Jahrhunderts
Place of PublicationDarmstadt
Year of Publication1919

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

This painting is one of many copies after a Lucretia by Lucas Cranach the Elder, which was created about 1510-13 and is now in a private collection in Switzerland (FR042).

[Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 661f., No. 576]

  • Lucretia, 1514

Images

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  • reverse
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Technical studies

Support

- the wood appears to be lime

- the reverse is smooth with no marks from a plane

- the reverse of the panel exhibits a rebate: at the sides 0.8 cm in width, at the bottom 0.6 cm in width, the top edge has been trimmed by the width of the rebate

[Heydenreich, examined in 2001]

Ground and Imprimatura

- pink coloured imprimatura consisting of lead white and vermilion

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Lucretia', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_MW_M26/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Lucretia', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_MW_M26/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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