Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso]

Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso]

Titles

Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso]

[cda 2013]

Altarpiece in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. Sup18B]

Painting on lime wood

Medium

Painting on lime wood

[cda 2013]

Recto:

St Bartholomew as a full-length figure in a landscape. His skin hangs over his left arm as a symbol of his martyrdom, in his right hand he holds a knife. In his left hand he holds an open book in which he appears to read.

Verso:

The reverse is badly

Recto:

St Bartholomew as a full-length figure in a landscape. His skin hangs over his left arm as a symbol of his martyrdom, in his right hand he holds a knife. In his left hand he holds an open book in which he appears to read.

Verso:

The reverse is badly damaged but in the lower section it is possible to make out sinners in purgatory being saved by an angel dressed in yellow. Above them is Christ enthroned as judge of the world. This section of the image can only be fragmentarily interpreted on the basis of the hand raised in blessing, which exhibits wounds from nails.

[Görres, cda 2013]

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[cda 2013][Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998, 239]

Anonymous Master from the Cranach Workshop

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. Sup18B]

Hans Cranach

[Flechsig 1900 B, 15]

Production dates
about 1515 - 1520
about 1518

Production dates

about 1515 - 1520

[cda 2013]

about 1518

[Flechsig 1900 A, 97]

Dimensions
Dimensions of painted surface: 147.5 x 46 cm (clear dimension)

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of painted surface: 147.5 x 46 cm (clear dimension)

  • Dimensions including frame: 163.5 x 62 cm

  • [cda 2013]

Signature / Dating
None
Owner
Ev. St. Nikolaigemeinde Jüterbog
Repository
Ev. St. Nikolaigemeinde Jüterbog
Location
Jüterbog
CDA ID
DE_NJ_NONE-NJ001b
FR (1978) Nr.
FRSup018B
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_NJ_NONE-NJ001b/

Provenance

  • was probably created for a now lost altar in the Nikolaikirche in Jüterbog
    [cda 2013]

Exhibitions

  • Dresden 1899, No. 108

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Heydenreich 2017 A 75
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleCranach? Fragen der Zuschreibung im Lichte kunsttechnologischer Untersuchungen
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages72-81
Sandner, Heydenreich, Smith-Contini 2015 131, Fn. 12
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich, Ingo Sandner, Helen Smith-Contini
TitleVeränderungen beim Unterzeichnen in Cranachs Werkstatt und die Arbeitsweise von Sohn Lucas
Publicationin Elke E. Werner, Anne Eusterschulte, Gunnar Heydenreich, eds., Lucas Cranach der Jüngere und die Reformation der Bilder
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2015
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/4615/6232/3882/Goerres_2015_-_Fuersten_und_Buerger.pdf
Pages128-141
Buchinger, Cante 2000 79
AuthorMarie-Luise Buchinger, Marcus Cante
TitleDenkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland - Denkmale in Brandenburg. Band 17.1: Landkreis Teltow-Fläming. Teil 1: Stadt Jüterbog mit Kloster Zinna und Gemeinde Niedergörsdorf
Place of PublicationWorms
Year of Publication2000
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 1998 239
EditorWartburg-Stiftung, Eisenach, Fachhochschule , Ingo Sandner
TitleUnsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen. Ausstellungskatalog und Tagungsband Katalogteil 1; 2: Werkstatt und Schüler Cranachs; 3: Süddeutsche Meister; 4: Albrecht Dürer und sein Kreis; 5: Rheinische Meister
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages229-240
Erichsen 1994 A 156
AuthorJohannes Erichsen
TitleAltäre Lucas Cranachs und seiner Werkstatt vor der Reformation
Publicationin Claus Grimm, Johannes Erichsen, Evamaria Brockhof, eds., Lucas Cranach. Ein Maler-Unternehmen aus Franken, Exhibit. Cat. Kronach 1994
SeriesVeröffentlichungen zur bayerischen Geschichte und Kultur
Volume26/94
Place of PublicationAugsburg, Regensburg
Year of Publication1994
Pages150-165
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 Sup18B
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Schade 1974 64
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974
Sturtevant 1935 140
AuthorErich Sturtevant
TitleChronik der Stadt Jüterbog
Place of PublicationJüterbog
Year of Publication1935
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 368B
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Hamann 1903 45
AuthorA. Hamann
TitleJüterbog: ein Führer durch die Stadt Jüterbog und ihre nächste Umgebung
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1903
Flechsig 1900 A 97, 281
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Flechsig 1900 B 15 30, 31
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleTafelbilder Lucas Cranachs d. Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/flechsig1900tafeln
Exhib. Cat. Dresden 1899 74 108
EditorKarl Woermann
TitleDeutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1899. Abteilung Cranach-Ausstellung. Wissenschaftliches Verzeichnis der ausgestellten Werke
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1899
Link http://resolver.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de/SBB00002A2400000000
Bergau 1885 426
AuthorRudolf Bergau
TitleInventar der Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler in der Provinz Brandenburg
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1885
Quast 1856 189
AuthorFerdinand von Quast
TitleMannichfaltiges
JournalZeitschrift für Archäologie und Kunst
Issue1
Year of Publication1856
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/zcak1856
Pages181-192
Brandt 1830 104-105
AuthorJohann Carl Brandt
TitleGeschichte der Kreisstadt Jüterbogk und ihrer Umgebung von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten. Nach zuverlässigen Nachrichten entworfen und herausgegeben
Volume3
Place of PublicationTorgau
Year of Publication1830
Brandt 1821
AuthorJohann Carl Brandt
TitleDie St. Nikolaikirche in Jüterbog
Place of PublicationJüterbog
Year of Publication1821
  • Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso], about 1515 - 1520

Images

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Technical studies

07. 2013Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium; brush

Type/Ductus:

- freehand underdrawing

- thin lines

- occasional hatching-strokes

- either washes or the initial design was executed employing a diluted medium

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and indicate the essential details; representation of volume with occasional hatching-strokes and possibly some washes

Deviations:

- adjustments made during the painting process

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich cda 2014]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2013Technical Examination

Support

- the support consists of four vertically aligned lime wood planks

- tow was attached to both sides

[cda 2013]

  • examined by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • examined by Ingo Sandner

Condition Reports

Date2013

  • extensive loss in the paint layers, particularly on the upper two-thirds of the panel

[cda 2013]

Conservation History

Date1934 - 1936

about 1936 restored by Prof. Thol, Berlin [Letter to the consistory from 21.01.1936], the same as the restoration cited by [Buchinger, Cante 2000, 79] and carried out between 1934 and 1936.

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_NJ_NONE-NJ001b/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Retabel in the Church of St Nikolai, Jüterbog [left wing]: St Bartholomew [recto], Christ in the Last Judgement [verso]', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_NJ_NONE-NJ001b/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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