Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara

Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara

Title

Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara

[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 93]

Painting on lime wood

Medium

Painting on lime wood

[Klein, Report 2013]
[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 93]

The Virgin wears a blue cloak over a red robe, the Christ child lies in her lap and she holds him with both hands. The child turns and looks to the left at St Catherine, who appears to kneel beside the Virgin. Christ puts a ring on the finger of

The Virgin wears a blue cloak over a red robe, the Christ child lies in her lap and she holds him with both hands. The child turns and looks to the left at St Catherine, who appears to kneel beside the Virgin. Christ puts a ring on the finger of Catherine's left hand as a sign of the mystical marriage, in her right hand she holds a sword, her attribute. With his other hand the child grabs the thumb of St Barbara, who kneels to the right of the Virgin. She in turn holds the child's foot. The heads of the the slightly raised Virgin and the two saints create a triangle, which lend the composition repose. Putti float in both upper corners.

[Görres, cda 2012]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Elder (and workshop)

[Heydenreich, cda 2011]

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, No. 36A]
[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 93]
[Michaelson 1902, 36]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Flechsig 1900 A, 79ff., 282]

Production date
about 1512 - 1513

Production date

about 1512 - 1513

[Heydenreich, cda 2011]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 43.5 x 32.5 x 0.4-0.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 43.5 x 32.5 x 0.4-0.5 cm

  • (Dimensions and reverse in original condition)

  • [Heydenreich, cda 2011]

Signature / Dating
None
Inscriptions and Labels
Reverse of the panel (lower section): - printed yellow label with a black frame and handwritten annotation: 'Fot.' 'Badische Kunsthalle …

Inscriptions and Labels

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel (lower section):
  • - printed yellow label with a black frame and handwritten annotation:
  • 'Fot.' [above the frame, handwritten]
  • 'Badische Kunsthalle
  • Karlsruhe
  • Inv. Nr.
  • 107. [Number handwritten]
  • Cranach, L. [handwritten]
  • Geprüft 1934. [last figure and dot handwritten]
  • Maria mit d. Kind u.
  • 2 Heiligen [handwritten]
  • - printed white label with a black frame and handwritten annotations:
  • 'Staatl. Kunsthalle
  • Karlsruhe
  • Standort: 15 [Number handwritten]
  • [Görres, cda 2012]
Owner
Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
Repository
Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
Location
Karlsruhe
CDA ID
DE_SKK_0107
FR (1978) Nr.
FR036A
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKK_0107/

Provenance

  • acquired in 1858 with the collection of J. B. von Hirscher, Freiburg i. B.
    [Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 93]

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Heydenreich 2017 A 74
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleCranach? Fragen der Zuschreibung im Lichte kunsttechnologischer Untersuchungen
Publicationin Gunnar Heydenreich, Daniel Görres, Beat Wismer, eds., Lucas Cranach der Ältere. Meister - Marke - Moderne. [Exhib. Cat. Düsseldorf 2017]
Place of PublicationMunich
Year of Publication2017
Pages72-81
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978 36A
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleThe Paintings of Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1978
Cat. Karlsruhe 1966 93
AuthorJan Lauts
TitleStaatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe. Katalog Alter Meister bis 1800
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationKarlsruhe
Year of Publication1966
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 36 under no. 35
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Michaelson 1902 36
AuthorHedwig Michaelson
TitleLukas Cranach der Ältere. Untersuchung über die stilistische Entwicklung seiner Kunst
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1902
Flechsig 1900 A 79 ff., 282
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleCranachstudien
Volume1
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link page/n5/mode/2up
Flechsig 1900 B pl. 4
AuthorEduard Flechsig
TitleTafelbilder Lucas Cranachs d. Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationLeipzig
Year of Publication1900
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/flechsig1900tafeln

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

„… small mediocre workshop replica“

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1978, 76, No. 36]

The impressive freehand underdrawing, which is stylistically very similar to drawings by Lucas Cranach the Elder , suggests that this is not a workshop copy but rather another version of the subject. However the execution in paint seems to have been delegated to an assistant in the workshop.

[Heydenreich, cda 2011]

'A smaller workshop copy after the central panel of the Wörlitz Altarpiece (about 1510-1512) in the Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen [Cat. Copenhagen 1946, No. 138], 96.5 x 80.5 cm'

[Cat. Karlsruhe 1966, 93]

  • Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara, about 1512 - 1513

Images

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Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

Identification of wood species: lime wood

  • analysed by Peter Klein

07. 2011Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- fluid, black medium and brushes of varying width; possibly in combination with a quill for details

Type/Ductus:

- detailed and freehand underdrawing

- thin to broader lines

- occasional hatching-stokes

- grey washes

Function:

- relatively binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential details and the facial features; some representation of volume (washes and hatching-strokes)

Deviations:

- alterations made during the painting process to clearly define form

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Elder and workshop

Comments:

- it is conceivable that Cranach carried out some minor corrections with a quill in both the faces and the hands

[Smith, sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2011Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • reverse
  • reverse

Support

- planks vertically aligned, a number of planks

- the original surface on the reverse has been retained

- the central join is covered with canvas on the reverse of the panel

- the edges of the panel exhibit a broad bevel on the reverse

- vertical marks from a block plane

Underdrawing

- masterly freehand underdrawing in a fluid black pigmented medium, stylistically similar to drawings by Lucas Cranach the Elder, minor deviation visible in the painted version.

[Heydenreich, cda 2011]

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKK_0107/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Virgin with child and St Catherine and St Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SKK_0107/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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