Martin Luther, bust-length, facing right

Martin Luther, bust-length, facing right

Titles

Martin Luther, bust-length, facing right

[KKL 2022]

Dr. M. Luther

[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 61, No. 84][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

D. Lutherus nebst seiner Frauen Catharina

'...von Lucas Cranachen, in einem schwarz vergüldeten Rähmgen',
[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 153, No. 5 (and 6)][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

D. Luther und Seine Frau Catharina von Born

[Inventar 1659, fol. 3][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

Ein Brustbildt auff Holz vnderm nahmen Martini Lutheri

[Inventar 1644, fol. 1, No. 36][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Ausst.-Kat. Gotha 1994, Nr. 1.17]

See German text version

Attributions
Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder
Lucas Cranach der Ältere

Attributions

Workshop Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Aldenhoven 1890, Nr. 344] [KKL 2022]

Lucas Cranach der Ältere

'Lucas Cranachen'
[Inventar 1721, fol. 153, No. 5 (and 6)][1]

'Lucas Sunders'
[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 61, No. 84][1]

[Parthey 1863, I, 696, No. 307, No. 308][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

after Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Ausst.-Kat. Gotha 1994, No. 1.17]

Production dates
1529
1617-1630

Production dates

1529

[dated, KKL 2022]

1617-1630

'wegen des Doppelbildnisses von "Luther und Frau"[...] keinesfalls vor dem 17. Jahrhundert entstanden, vielleicht zu einem Reformationsjubiläum 1617 oder 1630', Akte 3425 I Schloßmuseum, Brief Schenk zu Schweinsberg vom 13.3.1936 an H. Bamman / Düsseldorf' [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 37.9 x 24.4 cm [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 37.9 x 24.4 cm [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 50]

  • Dimensions of painted surface: 36.5 x 23.4 cm [cda 2010]

  • Dimensions including frame: 41.9 x 28.5 x 2.4 cm [cda 2010]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia above the sitter's proper right shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1529'; in black paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia above the sitter's proper right shoulder: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1529'; in black paint

  • [KKL 2022]

Inscriptions and Labels
'M L || IN SILENCIO ET SPE ERIT FORTITVDO VESTRA' Reverse of the panel: - top, centre: printed yellow label: "Schloßmuseum …

Inscriptions and Labels

Inscriptions, Badges:

  • 'M L || IN SILENCIO ET SPE ERIT FORTITVDO VESTRA'
  • [KKL 2022]

Stamps, Seals, Labels:

  • Reverse of the panel: - top, centre:
  • printed yellow label: "Schloßmuseum Gotha/Inv. Nr.:/S.G.-Nr.:/Alte Nr:"; with a handwritten entry in black ink: '59', '18', '344 Inv.'
  • - centre:
  • handwritten in white paint: '85'
  • - bottom:
  • handwritten in black pen: 'Zentral-Museum/ Gotha/18/(344)'
Owner
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Repository
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Location
Gotha
CDA ID
DE_SMG_SG18
FR (1978) Nr.
FR312-313D
KKL-No
IV.M11a, Part of portait group IV
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG18/

Provenance

  • recorded in the Gotha art cabinet (Kunstkammer) since 1656
    [Ausst.-Kat. Gotha 1994, No. 1.17]

Exhibitions

Gotha 1994
Gotha 2001, No. 1.14

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 2015 102 32 Fig. p. 102
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitleCranach, Luther und die Bildnisse. Katalog zur Sonderausstellung auf der Wartburg, 2. April bis 19. Juli 2015
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2015
Schuchardt 2015 B 41, 42 No. 32 Fig. 19
Author / EditorGünter Schuchardt
TitlePrivileg und Monopol - Die Lutherporträts der Cranach-Werkstatt
Publicationin Günther Schuchardt, ed., Cranach, Luther und die Bildnisse, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach 2015
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2015
Pages24-52
Spira 2015 54, 55 Fig. 3
Author / EditorBenjamin D. Spira
TitleLucas Cranach, der Maler Luthers. Der Hofmaler und der Reformator - Bindung, Bilder und Bedeutung
Publicationin Julia Carrasco, Justus Lange, Benjamin D. Spira, Timo Trümper, Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein Gotha and Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel, eds., Bild und Botschaft. Cranach im Dienst von Hof und Reformation, [Exhib. Cat. Gotha, Kassel]
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Year of Publication2015
Pages51-62
Heydenreich 2010 A 75 67e
Author / EditorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleReisende Bilder im Wandel
Publicationin Guido Messling, ed., Die Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys, Exhib. Cat. Brussels
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Pages66-79
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 2001 1.14
Author / EditorGotha Kultur, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleErnst der Fromme (1601-1675), Bauherr und Sammler. Katalog zum 400. Geburtstag Herzog Ernsts I. von Sachsen-Gotha und Altenburg
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication2001
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994 50
Author / EditorStiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
TitleGotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Klein 1994 B 214
Author / EditorPeter Klein
TitleHolzartenbestimmung und dendrochronologische Analyse an Gemäldetafeln von Lucas Cranach d.Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
PublicationAllmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages210-219
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 131 No. 312-13D
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg, G. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 74 251d
Author / EditorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Parthey 1863-1864 696 (Bd. 1) No. 307
Author / EditorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
  • Martin Luther, bust-length, facing right, 1529

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • reverse
  • irr
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

08.04.2013Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

'Beech - measurement not possible'

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 214]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dry medium (dark chalk ?) or brush application over traced lines (?)

Type/Ductus:

- traced delicate, fine lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours and describe the essential facial features; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- no alterations in the painted version

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

Comments:

- probably transferred from a pre-existing design (traced)

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

1994Technical Examination

  • overall
  • reverse
  • detail

Framing

- original frame

- frame with mitred joints; a Gothic cornice; water-guilding on red bole; external batten, sides and the reverse are painted black

  • written by Gunnar Heydenreich

Versions

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
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Entry with no author
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