The Virgin and Child with St. John as a boy

The Virgin and Child with St. John as a boy

Titles

The Virgin and Child with St. John as a boy

[cda 2011]

The Virgin and Child with a Bunch of Grapes

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, No. 228E]

Die Mutter Gottes mit dem Kindlein Jesu

'Die Mutter Gottes mit dem Kindlein Jesu welcher ein anders Knäblein, so vermuthlich Johannes der Täuffer seyn soll, eine Weintraube reichet, ist ein alt Gemählte, über welchen 2 Engeln schweben, die die decke halten'
[Inventar 1721, fol. 484, No. 17][1] [1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30, 214]
[Klein, Report 1992]

The Virgin is seated in front of a red velvet curtain held by two angels. Her head is inclined to the left and she smiles at the viewer; her long wavy hair cascades over her shoulders and down her back. The infant Christ stands supported by her on her lap.

The Virgin is seated in front of a red velvet curtain held by two angels. Her head is inclined to the left and she smiles at the viewer; her long wavy hair cascades over her shoulders and down her back. The infant Christ stands supported by her on her lap. His torso echoes the inclination of the Virgin's head as well as following the direction of her gaze. Jesus takes one of the grapes offered to him by the infant St John, standing to his left in a fur robe. An expansive landscape is visible behind the curtain.

[Görres, cda 2016]

Attributions
Lucas Cranach the Younger
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attributions

Lucas Cranach the Younger

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Lucas Cranach the Elder

'Cranach', Akte 8364 Schloßmuseum, published in the series: Kanter-Bücher über Lucas Cranach von Dr. v. Lorck [1]
'L. Cranach d. Aelt (...) Bez. mit dem Drachen 1538'
[Aldenhoven 1890, No. 360][1]
'Cranach, Lucas Sunders'
[Verzeichnis 1826, fol. 69, No. 134][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Follower of Lucas Cranach the Elder

'Cranach-Schule'
[Schneider 1868, Abt. V, No. 61][1]

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Production dates
1534
1551

Production dates

1534

[dated]

1551

'1551'
[Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983, No. E24, Plate 279]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 105.8 x 78.2 cm [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 105.8 x 78.2 cm [Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1534'; in yellow paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia bottom left: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing right and dated '1534'; in yellow paint

Owner
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Repository
Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
Location
Gotha
CDA ID
DE_SMG_SG678
FR (1978) Nr.
FR228E
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG678/

Provenance

  • recorded in Gotha Castle since 1721
    [Inventar 1721, fol. 484, No. 17][1] (changed to 18)

[1][Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

Exhibitions

Berlin 1983
Gotha 1994

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Spira 2015 60-61 Fig. 12
AuthorBenjamin D. Spira
TitleLucas Cranach, der Maler Luthers. Der Hofmaler und der Reformator - Bindung, Bilder und Bedeutung
Publicationin Julia Carrasco, Justus Lange, Benjamin D. Spira, Timo Trümper, Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein Gotha and Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel, eds., Bild und Botschaft. Cranach im Dienst von Hof und Reformation, [Exhib. Cat. Gotha, Kassel]
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Year of Publication2015
Pages51-62
Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994 30, 214
EditorStiftung Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha
TitleGotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Klein 1994 B 214
AuthorPeter Klein
TitleHolzartenbestimmung und dendrochronologische Analyse an Gemäldetafeln von Lucas Cranach d.Ä. und seiner Werkstatt
PublicationAllmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages210-219
Schade, Schuttwolf 1994 30, 44 1.12 Fig. p. 30, Pl. p. 44
AuthorWerner Schade, Allmuth Schuttwolf
TitleMalerei und Plastik
Publicationin Allmuth Schuttwolf, ed., Gotteswort und Menschenbild. Werke von Cranach und seinen Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Gotha
Place of PublicationGotha
Year of Publication1994
Pages15-94
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1983 E24 Fig. p. 279
EditorAltes Museum, Berlin
TitleKunst der Reformationzeit
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1983
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 116 No. 228E
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Lilienfein 1942 80 Fig. 112
AuthorHeinrich Lilienfein
TitleLukas Cranach und seine Zeit
Place of PublicationBielefeld
Year of Publication1942
Zimmermann E. H. 1938 1-12
AuthorErnst Heinrich Zimmermann
TitleLucas Cranach der Jüngere
JournalVelhagen und Klasings Monatsheft
Issue53
Year of Publication1938
Pages1-12
Parthey 1863-1864 684 (Bd. 1) No. 106
AuthorGustav Parthey
TitleDeutscher Bildersaal. Verzeichnis der in Deutschland vorhandenen Oelbilder verstorbener Maler aller Schulen
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1864
  • The Virgin and Child with St. John as a boy, 1534

Images

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  • conservation
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  • analysis

Technical studies

04. 2010Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Materials:

- dark medium, brush and dark chalk

Type/Ductus:

- the underdrawing is barely visible

- occasional thin, traced lines

Function:

- binding for the final painted version; lines delineate contours; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- minor alterations made during the painting process (hands of the Virgin)

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- Lucas Cranach the Younger?

Comments:

- possibly transferred from a pre-existing design?

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2012]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

2002Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography
  • x_radiograph
  • photographed by Asmus Steuerlein

14.05.1992Scientific analysis

  • Identification of wood species / Dendrochronology

Support

'Beech wood - earliest felling date: 1529'

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 214]

  • analysed by Peter Klein

1966Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • X-radiography

'The detail can be easily read from the lead white image. The flesh paint shows a degree of differentiation and volume is created with a lead white. Brushstrokes are not visible, except in the hair where they are very fine. The neckline of the Virgin's dark blue robe is underlayed with white paint. There is a fine netted craquellee which emphasizes the vertical axis in correspondance with the direction of the wood grain. The join between the two planks is clearly evident. Lots of paint loss, the largest between the head of the Virgin and that of Christ. The wood grain is not visible, the species is beech.'

Martin Meier-Siem, Hamburg 1966

[Exhib. Cat. Gotha 1994, 30]

  • examined by Martin Meier-Siems

Conservation History

Date2002 - 2003

  • x_radiograph
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation
  • conservation treatment by Angela Möller
  • photographed by Asmus Steuerlein

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'The Virgin and Child with St. John as a boy', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SMG_SG678/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
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