St Barbara

St Barbara

Title

St Barbara

[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

Painting on beech wood

Medium

Painting on beech wood

[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

In accordance with the legend he [Cranach] depicts the saint being pursued by her father, who together with some men on horseback looks for her in the open countryside. [...] Cranach, who painted full-length figures of female saints on wing panels chooses a half-length figure for this private devotional image

In accordance with the legend he [Cranach] depicts the saint being pursued by her father, who together with some men on horseback looks for her in the open countryside. [...] Cranach, who painted full-length figures of female saints on wing panels chooses a half-length figure for this private devotional image and she is show arrestingly close to the viewer [...]. Her loose hair defines her as a virgin, the numerous chains indicate her noble origins, the affirming gesture of her hand on her chest reveals her strong beliefs. Her wine red dress appears iridenscent in the light and exhibits a rich arrangement of folds. [...] The background landscape showing rocky outcrops, trees and a castle illustrates Cranach's vibrant appreciation of nature.

[Löcher, in Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

Production date
about 1530

Production date

about 1530

[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 73 x 56.5 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 73 x 56.5 cm

  • [Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

Signature / Dating
Artist's insignia left: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left, in black paint

Signature / Dating

  • Artist's insignia left: winged serpent with elevated wings, facing left, in black paint

  • [cda 2015]

Owner
Sammlung Würth
Repository
Sammlung Würth
Location
Schwäbisch Hall
CDA ID
DE_SWK_9325
FR (1978) Nr.
FR165
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SWK_9325/

Provenance

  • in the collection of Geheimrat Lucas, Berlin [1]
  • art dealer Julius Böhler, Munich
  • Hermann Göring collection
  • returned to the married couple Klotz
  • auction, Christie's, New York, 6. April 2006, Lot 14
    [1][http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/goering/dhm_goering.php?seite=5&fld_0=RMG00472]

[Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008, 34-36]

see also: [http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/goering/dhm_goering.php?seite=5&fld_0=RMG00472]

Exhibitions

  • Berlin 1937, No. 52
  • Basel 1974, No. 93

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure / Plate
Cat. Schwäbisch Hall 2008 34-36 1
EditorC. Sylvia Weber
TitleNeuerwerbungen Alte Meister in der Sammlung Würth
Place of PublicationSchwäbisch Hall
Year of Publication2008
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979 165
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
EditorG. Schwartz
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBasel, Boston, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1979
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 166 93 82
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Koepplin 1973 A 80-81
AuthorDieter Koepplin
TitleCranachs Ehebildnis des Johannes Cuspinian von 1502. Seine christlich-humanistische Bedeutung
Place of PublicationDüsseldorf
Year of Publication1973
Link https://doi.org/10.11588/diglit.9938
Exhib. Cat. Berlin 1937 25 052 Pl. 58
EditorStaatliche Museen, Berlin
TitleLucas Cranach d. Ä. und Lucas Cranach d. J. Gemälde, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1937
Friedländer, Rosenberg 1932 140
AuthorMax J. Friedländer, Jakob Rosenberg
TitleDie Gemälde von Lucas Cranach
Place of PublicationBerlin
Year of Publication1932
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/friedlaender1932
Frankfurter 1931
AuthorAlfred M. Frankfurter
TitleLucas Cranachs Portrait of a Woman, Represented as the Holy Magdalene
JournalThe Antiquarian
IssueApril
Year of Publication1931
Pages49
  • St Barbara, about 1530

Images

Compare images
  • overall
  • overall
  • overall
  • irr
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail
  • detail

Technical studies

06. 2015Technical examination / Scientific analysis

  • Infrared reflectography
  • irr

Underdrawing

DESCRIPTION

Tools/Material:

- fluid, black medium, fine tipped brush?

Type/Ductus:

- economic, freehand underdrawing (readily visible in the hands)

- thin lines

Function:

- with the exception of the hands relatively binding for the final painted version; the lines delineate the main contours; no representation of volume

Deviations:

- corrections were made to the forms during the painting process; small changes e. g. the hands

INTERPRETATION

Attribution:

- not possible

[Smith, Sandner, Heydenreich, cda 2016]

  • photographed by Gunnar Heydenreich
  • photographed by Ingo Sandner

Conservation History

Date12.02.1954

  • slight tenting of the paint layers on the rim of the chalice and in the bottom right corner - consolidated with wax

[http://www.dhm.de/datenbank/ccp/prj_dhm_ccp/displayimg.php?laufnrid=cp070711_1&prj_short=dhm_ccp&format=gr&folder=ccp] (accessed 07.12.2015)

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'St Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SWK_9325/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'St Barbara', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/DE_SWK_9325/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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