Lucretia

Lucretia

Title

Lucretia

[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, no. 42]

Painting on lime wood

Medium

Painting on lime wood

[Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010, 149, no. 81]

The painting depicts the classical heroine Lucretia as a seated half-length figure in contemporary dress and accessories.

Lucretia's hair is pinned up and she inclines her head slightly to the left side of the image, while looking directly at the viewer. She is wearing a white undergarment, which reveals her

The painting depicts the classical heroine Lucretia as a seated half-length figure in contemporary dress and accessories.

Lucretia's hair is pinned up and she inclines her head slightly to the left side of the image, while looking directly at the viewer. She is wearing a white undergarment, which reveals her torso and a fur-trimmed cloak is draped over her shoulders. Her left hand rests on her lap and she holds a long dagger in her right hand. This is pointed slightly upwards. She wears a chain with a pendant around her neck, as well as two large linked chains. The background is dark.

According to the legend Lucretia lived in the 6th century BC and was the beautiful and virtuous wife of the roman Collatinus. The roman King's son - Sextus Tarquinius fell in love with her. During a stay in her house Sextus threatened to kill her and shame her honour if she did not surrender to him. After the rape Lucretia had her father and husband vow vengeance and then she stabbed herself. The event led to an uprising in which the royal family was overthrown and the Roman Empire became a Republic. Depictions of Lucretia who was seen as the epitomy of female virtue, chastity, fidelity and honour enjoyed great popularity, particularly in the 16th century.

[Literature: Bierende 2002, Follak 2002, Livius 1909]

Attribution
Lucas Cranach the Elder

Attribution

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Sotheby's online database, accessed 11.11.2021
[Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010, 149, no. 81]
[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, no. 78]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, no. 42]

Production date
about 1510-1513

Production date

about 1510-1513

Sotheby's online database, accessed 11.11.2021](https://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2018/master-paintings-evening-sale-n09812/lot.10.html)
[Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010, 149, no. 81]
[Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003, no. 78]
[Friedländer, Rosenberg 1979, 78, no. 42]

Dimensions
Dimensions of support: 60 x 47 cm

Dimensions

  • Dimensions of support: 60 x 47 cm

  • [Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010, 149, no. 81]

Signature / Dating
None
Owner
Private Collection
Repository
Private Collection
CDA ID
PRIVATE_NONE-P143
FR (1978) Nr.
FR042
Persistent Link
https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P143/

Provenance

  • Wilhelm Löwenfeld, Munich
  • posthumous sale, Berlin, Rudolf Lepke, 06.02.1906, lot 40, pl. XVIII
  • Siegfried Wedells (né Wedeles), Hamburg
  • bequeathed to the City of Hamburg, 1919
  • sold to W. Hallsborough, London, in 1961
  • resold and acquired shortly thereafter by a private collector
  • sold at Sotheby's, New York, 01.02.2018, lot 10
    Sotheby's online database, accessed 11.11.2021

Exhibitions

Basel 1974, no. 576
Venice 1999, no. 82
Hamburg 2003, no. 78
Brussels 2010, no. 81

Literature

Reference on page Catalogue Number Figure/Plate
Cat. Coburg 2018 99, fn. 16, 100, fn. 1 under nos. 16, 17
AuthorKlaus Weschenfelder
TitleCranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Teget-Welz 2018 224
AuthorManuel Teget-Welz
TitleVon Gotha in die Ganze Welt. Die Fürstenserie des Monogrammisten IS
Publicationin Klaus Weschenfelder, ed., Cranach in Coburg. Gemälde von Lucas Cranach d.Ä., Lucas Cranach d.J., der Werkstatt und des Umkreises in den Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication2018
Pages209-228
Exhib. Cat. Brussels 2010 149-150 81
EditorBozarbooks & Lannoo, Guido Messling
TitleDie Welt des Lucas Cranach. Ein Künstler im Zeitalter von Dürer, Tizian und Metsys [anlässlich der Ausstellung "Die Welt des Lucas Cranach", Palast der Schönen Künste, Brüssel, 20. Oktober 2010 - 23. Januar 2011]
Place of PublicationBrussels
Year of Publication2010
Heydenreich 2007 A 283 Fig. 218
AuthorGunnar Heydenreich
TitleLucas Cranach the Elder
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
Year of Publication2007
Link https://lucascranach.org/application/files/6116/2097/3099/Heydenreich_2007_Lucas_Cranach_the_Elder.pdf
Exhib. Cat. Hamburg 2003 80, 182 78 Pl. 78
EditorBucerius Kunst Forum, Werner Schade
TitleLucas Cranach. Glaube, Mythologie und Moderne [Bucerius Kunst Forum, Hamburg]
Place of PublicationOstfildern-Ruit
Year of Publication2003
Exhib. Cat. Venice 1999 366 82
EditorBernard Aikema, Beverly Louise Brown
TitleRenaissance Venice and the North. Crosscurrents in the Time of Bellini, Dürer, and Titian [Venice, Palazzo Grassi]
Place of PublicationMilan
Year of Publication1999
Emmendörffer 1998 206-207
AuthorChristoph Emmendörffer
TitleDie selbständigen Cranachschüler
Publicationin Ingo Sandner, Wartburg-Stiftung Eisenach and Fachhochschule Köln, eds., Unsichtbare Meisterzeichnungen auf dem Malgrund. Cranach und seine Zeitgenossen, Exhib. Cat. Eisenach
Place of PublicationRegensburg
Year of Publication1998
Pages203-228
Schade 1980 467? 429b Fig. p. 429
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleCranach. A Family of Master Painters. Translated by Helen Sebba
Place of PublicationNew York
Year of Publication1980
Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974/1976 661-663 576 Fig. 322a
AuthorDieter Koepplin, Tilman Falk
TitleLukas Cranach. Gemälde, Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik
Volume1, 2
Place of PublicationBasel, Stuttgart
Year of Publication1974
Link http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-diglit-104522
Schade 1974 69 Fig. p. 429
AuthorWerner Schade
TitleDie Malerfamilie Cranach
Place of PublicationDresden
Year of Publication1974
Link http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/schade1974

Description/ Interpretation/ Comments

The insignia and the date 1534 at the top left corner were not authentic and were removed (probably between 1906 and 1919).

[Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 661, No. 576]

This is the earliest of the surviving versions depicting the subject of Lucretia. The date has been inferred from a 1514 copy by Hans Döring, a pupil of Cranach. The painting was probably originally conceived as a pendant piece to the Salome in Lisbon (FR032), which was created about 1509. Both women are wearing a choker set with precious stones.

[Exhib. Cat. Basel 1974, 661, No. 576]

  • Lucretia, about 1510-1513

Citing from the Cranach Digital Archive

Entry with author
<author's name>, 'Lucretia', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P143/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})
Entry with no author
'Lucretia', <title of document, data entry or image>. [<Date of document, entry or image>], in: Cranach Digital Archive, https://lucascranach.org/en/PRIVATE_NONE-P143/ (Accessed {{dateAccessed}})

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